Causes of War

  • Unfair Taxation

    The economy of the North and South were very different. The North had factories and the South had large cotton plantations. The South relied on slave labor for economic success. By the early 1800's, Northern factories were producing a lot of the same goods as the South. Northern politicians were able to pass big taxes on imported goods so that the Southerners would have to by goods from the North. These taxes angered the Southerners.
  • Territoial Expansion

    The South was planning on taking slavery in to western territories. The North was committed to keeping them open to white labor laws.
  • State Rights

    The state rights were when people believed the states needed their own rights. Some people agreed that states needed their own. Others disagreed about states needing their own laws. The people who disagreed, thought the states should do what the government told them to do.
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    The Missouri Compromise was an agreement between the North and South passed by Congress the made Missouri the 24th state. The Missouri Compromise caused an arguement between the North and South.
  • Underground Railroad

    Underground Railroad
    The Underground Railroad was a cause of the Civil War because there were many slaves trying to escape from the South and go to the North because of slavery. Many people from the North disagreed with slavery. The plantation owners loved it though because they wouldn't have to work. I think the underground railroad was a cause of the war because the North were willing to work with the slaves and the south was angry that the slaves were running away.
  • Uncle Tom's Cabin

    Uncle Tom's Cabin
    Uncle Tom's Cabin was a book published on March 20 of 1852. It was an anti-slavery book written by Harriet Beecher Stowe. It helped fuel the abolitionist cause. This book helped stop slavery because it was the best-selling novel in the 1850's.
  • Dred Scott Decision

    Dred Scott Decision
    Dred Scott went to trial to sue for his freedom in 1847. In the next 10 years, there were many arguements over this case. It was finally brought to the United States Supreme Court. Unfortunately, he was forced to stay a slave.
  • John Brown

    John Brown
    John Brown was determined he was going to abolish slavery. On October 16, 1859, he led 21 men on a raid to the Federal arsenal in Harpers Ferry, Virginia. His plan was to arm all the slaves with weapons. He failed and within 36 hours of the attack, most of his men had been killed or captured.
  • 1860 Election

    1860 Election
    On November 6, 1860, Abraham Lincoln was elected president. Some people think the Election of 1860 is what really caused the Civil War while others think it did not.
  • First shot of Civil War was fired

    On April 12, 1861, the first shot of the Civil War was fired. Edmund Ruffin fired one of the first shots. The first shot was actually credited to the Confederate Army.