Causes of The Civil War

By Sivacm
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    Missouri wanted to become a state; but the number of slave and free states would be unbalanced. On January 3, 1820; the House had passed legislation to allow Maine into the union as a free state. January 26, 1820; Missouri was allowed into the union as a free state. This meant the free and slave states were still in balance after the addition. This created the 36' 30'; below these cordinates slavery was allowed, and above them, slavery was not allowed.
  • Wilmot Proviso

    Wilmot Proviso
    During the Mexican-American War, if any land were to be aquired by Mexico, this proviso would prevent the introduction of slavery.
  • Compromise of 1850

    Compromise of 1850
    Five seperate laws; California became free, New Mexico & Utah would use popular sovereignty on slavery, Washington D.C slave trade was banned, Texas had no conflicts going on, and the topic over popular sovereignty.
  • Uncle Tom's Cabin

    Uncle Tom's Cabin
    Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote this book to show the horrors of slavery. This inraged people from the North to work against slavery.
  • Kansas/Nebraska Act

    Kansas/Nebraska Act
    Took away the Missouri Compromise, and the 36' 30' slave territory. This even lead to bleeding Kansas.
  • Dred Scott Decision

    Dred Scott Decision
    Dred Scott (a slave) was sueing his owner for slavery when he moved to various states ranging from slave to free. As a result, the government decided that African-Americans could not become citizens, they coulden't prevent slavery from future territories, and the government coulden't take away "property".
  • Lincoln Douglas Debate

    Lincoln Douglas Debate
    Abraham Lincoln & Stephen Douglas were both running for senate; they had 7 total debates with slavery being a main topic. Lincoln didn't believe in slavery, where as Douglas believed it was up to the people to decide.
  • Raid on Harper's Ferry

    Raid on Harper's Ferry
    John Brown was against slavery; he and other white men went to Harper's Ferry to get weapons in hopes to arm slaves. however, Brown was captured because his plan failed and he was hanged. This event convinced the South that the North didn't want anymore slavery.
  • Lincoln's Election

    Lincoln's Election
    Lincoln won 180 out of 303 electoral votes, basically winning all the North's votes. Though, South didnt appreciate this election; Lincoln wasn't on a couple ballots in the South, and on December 20, 1860, South Carolina seceded from the union.
  • Secession of South Carolina

    Secession of South Carolina
    South Caolina had opposed Licoln's election so they voted to break away from the United States. As they were the first Southern state to do this, the nation heads into war due to Lincoln's goal being to preserve the union.
  • Bleeding Kansas

    Bleeding Kansas
    As a result of Kansas/Nebraska Act, bleeding Kansas was many battles to fight for popular sovereignty to decide to be a free or slave state. January 29, 1861 Kansas was introduced into the union as a free state.