Cameron Gilbert's Timeline of the 1970s

  • US Soilders found guity of muder in My Lei Massacre

    US Soilders found guity of muder in My Lei Massacre
    During the war, twenty-five US soldiers were charged with war-crimes but William Calley was the only one found guilty Calley received considerable sympathy. The My Lai Massacre, also, Vietnamese: was the mass murder of 347–504 unarmed citizens in South Vietnam on March 16, 1968, conducted by a unit of the United States Army.
  • The Batles Break Up

    The Beatles Break Up on 4/9/1970. Because the Beatles Break Up because the fact of the instruments and the band is going to be very expensive to travel around the world and the 50 states.
  • First Earth Day

    First Earth Day
    was held, one of the most remarkable happenings in the ... How the First Earth Day Came About. By Senator Gaylord Nelson, Founder of Earth Day
  • Computer Floppy Disk Introduced

    They were made to be a floppy disk to transfer from comptuer to computer.
  • Kent State Shootings

    • The Kent state shootings had happened on 1970. First a music professor had walk out to other campus tell another professor about something. Then the music professor had gotten shooed in the 1970.
  • Apollo 13 mission suffers huge setback

    Apollo 13 mission was that a rupture air tanks on their way the moon sealed of the three astronauts on board of spacecraft.
  • Palestinian Group Hijacks Five Planes

    Somewhere in in 1970 five planes were hijacked by some people who did not care about it.
  • Bar codes introduced in the UK on Retail products

    Bar codes introduced in the UK on Retail products
    The barcodes were discovered on cans and products. The manufactures were used by grocery to be able to scan the price to sell. When a group of grocers and the manufactures in the retail industry in the United States got to together and to recommend to have barcodes. A barcode is an optical machine-readable representation of data, which shows data about the object to which it attaches. Originally, barcodes represented data by varying the widths and spacings of parallel lines, and may be refe
  • 18 years old given to vote

    18 years old given to vote
    18 year old was given to vote. Because for extending the voting franchise to an 18 year old in 1970. The vast majority of countries in the world have established a voting age. Most governments consider that those of any age lower than the chosen threshold lack the necessary capacity to independently decide how to cast a vote. The voting age is often of such importance that it is set by means of a constitutional provision.
  • Aswan High Dam Completed

    • Aswan High Dam got complete: on 7/21/1970. Also the location is on Nile River in Egypt. N long at Nile River goes more than 2 miles long at its crest.
  • World Trade Center is compeleted

    World Trade Center is compeleted
  • EPA is created

    EPA is created
    EPA was created by to protect human health and to safeguard the natural environment. Human’s always had life’s that humans would depend on EPA
  • Cigarette ads are banned on TV

    Cigarette ads are banned on TV
    The cigarette of the manufactures was one of the first industries to have and weekly advertisements. Also an United States of an federal law was to cut out cigarettes on TV. Then also the other reason is public health of cigarettes was one of the major bills passed of united states of congress.
  • South Vietnam and US invade Loas

    South Vietnam and US invade Loas
    On 30 January, the South Vietnamese Army initiated a ground offensive - Operation Lam Son 719. The first seven days of this action was dubbed 'Operation Dewey Canyon II'. 17,000 South Vietnamese soldiers assaulted a force of 22,000 North Vietnamese soldiers inside Laos. The United States military provided heavy artillery, air strikes and helicopter lifts in support of this operation.
  • The microprocessor is introduced

    The microprocessor is introduced
    striving to integrate the central processing unit (CPU) functions of a computer onto a handful of MOS LSI chips, called microprocessor unit (MPU) chip sets. Building on 8-bit arithmetic logic units (3800/3804) he designed earlier at Fairchild, in 1969 Lee Boysel created the Four-Phase Systems Inc. AL-1 an 8-bit CPU slice that was expandable to 32-bits. In 1970 Steve Geller and Ray Holt of Garrett AiResearch designed the MP944 chip set to implement the F-14A Central Air Data Computer on six meta
  • Swann V. Charlotte - Mecklenburg Board of Ed

    Swann V. Charlotte - Mecklenburg  Board of Ed
    402 U.S. 1, argued 12 Oct. 1970, decided 20 Apr. 1971 by vote of 9 to 0; Burger for the Court. A logical extension of Green v. County School Board of New Kent County (1968), Swann nonetheless represented a further—and highly controversial—milestone in the Supreme Court's effort, following Brown v. Board of Education II (1955), to effectuate the desegregation of southern public schools.
  • Direct Dail between New York and London

    Direct Dail between New York and London
    Direct calling was in New York , London , Paris. In 1971 a direct dial is to telecommunication for an term of a network and provided and always had full service of local calling. Direct Distance Dialing (DDD) or direct dial is a telecommunications term for a network-provided service feature in which a call originator may, without operator assistance, call any other user outside the local calling area. DDD requires more digits in the number dialed than are required for calling within the local
  • Amtrak Created

    Amtrak Created
    The National Railroad Passenger Corporation, doing business as Amtrak (reporting mark AMTK), is a government-owned corporation that was organized on May 1, 1971, to provide intercity passenger train service in the United States. "Amtrak" is a portmanteau of the words "America" and "track".[1] It is headquartered at Union Station in Washington, D.C
  • The Pentagon Papers Released

    The Pentagon Papers Released
    The Pentagon Papers, officially titled United States–Vietnam Relations, 1945–1967: A Study Prepared by the Department of Defense, is a top-secret United States Department of Defense history of the United States' political-military involvement in Vietnam from 1945 to 1967. The papers were first brought to the attention of the public on the front page of the New York Times in 1971.
  • First Benefit Consert Organized for BAngladesh by George Harrison

    First Benefit Consert Organized for BAngladesh by George Harrison
    The Concert For Bangladesh was the event title for two benefit concerts organized by George Harrison and Ravi Shankar, held at noon and at 7:00 p.m. on August 1, 1971, playing to a total of 40,000 people at Madison Square Garden in New York City. Organized for the relief of refugees from East Pakistan (now independent Bangladesh) after the 1970 Bhola cyclone and during the 1971 Bangladesh atrocities and Bangladesh Liberation War, the event was the first benefit concert of this magnitude in world
  • End of Gold Standard for US Currency

    End of Gold Standard for US Currency
    United States was had a bimetallic system of money, however it was essentially on a gold ... gold to the United States treasury at the price of $35/ounce. "The Bretton Woods system ended on August 15, 1971
  • VCR'SIntroduced

    Sony introduced the first VCRs intended for home use in September. 1971: Ray Tomlinson of Bolt Beranek and Newman implemented the first e-mail system; he also chose ...
  • Attica State Prison Riots

    Attica State Prison Riots
    On the morning of Monday, September 13, 1971, Governor Nelson Rockefeller arrived at his Fifth Avenue apartment for a meeting with some of his advisors. It had been a tough weekend, but he had finally reached a decision. It was, he told them, "a matter of principle." The Attica State Penitentiary -— the scene of an inmate uprising just five days earlier —- was to be retaken by force
  • ondon Bridge Brought to the US

    ondon Bridge Brought to the US
    The bridge was reconstructed on arid land with mounds of sand built to help support the arches. When the bridge was completed in 1971. In 1962, London Bridge was falling down. Built in 1831, the bridge couldn't handle the ever-increasing flow of traffic across the Thames River. The British government decided to put the bridge up for sale, and Robert McCulloch, Founder of Lake Havasu City, Arizona, and Chairman of McCulloch Oil Corporation, submitted the winning bid of $2,460,000.
  • DIsney World Opens

    DIsney World Opens
    First when Disney world had pen that was the most fun , funnest yet. To this day people are in disney world up to now.
  • China Joins the UN

    China Joins the UN
    China's seat in the United Nations and membership of the United Nations Security Council has been occupied by the People's Republic of China (PRC) since October 25, 1971. The representatives of the PRC first attended the UN, including the United Nations Security Council, as China's representatives on November 23, 1971
  • D.B Cooper

    D.B Cooper
    D. B. Cooper is the name popularly used to refer an unidentified man who hijacked a Boeing 727 aircraft in the airspace between Portland, Oregon and Seattle, Washington, USA on November 24, 1971, extorted USD $200,000[1] in ransom, and parachuted to an uncertain fate. Despite an extensive manhunt and an exhaustive (and ongoing) FBI investigation, the perpetrator has never been located or positively identified. To date, the case remains the only unsolved airline hijacking in American aviation .
  • Supplemental Security Income

    Supplemental Security Income
    Supplemental Security Income (or SSI) is a United States government program that provides stipends to low-income people who are either aged (65 or older), blind, or disabled.[1] Although administered by the Social Security Administration,[2] SSI is funded from the U.S. Treasury general funds,[1] not the Social Security trust fund.
  • Mark Spiz Wins Seven Gold Metals

    Mark Spiz Wins Seven Gold Metals
    He won seven gold medals at the 1972 Munich Olympic Games, an achievement surpassed only by Michael Phelps who won eight golds at the 2008 Olympics. He was the most successful athlete at the 1972 Summer Olympics. He was named World Swimmer of the Year in 1969, 1971 and 1972.
  • Supreme Court Rules Against death penatly

    Supreme Court Rules Against death penatly
    The Supreme Court on Tuesday abolished the death penalty for convicted killers who committed their crimes before the age of 18. The court ruling, closely divided at 5-to-4, affects 72 people in 20 states. The practice will also be banned for any future crimes. "The age of 18 is the point where society draws the line for many purposes between childhood and adulthood.
  • The Wars Act Passed

    The Wars Act Passed
    passed by congress after the Vietnam War, over President Nixon's veto, and of dubious constitutionality, which seeks to define and limit the powers of the president of the United States to command the armed forces. The most important provision is that if the U.S. armed forces go into combat the president must get a resolution from congress authorizing the mission.
  • Nixon Visits China

    Nixon Visits China
    Nixon deplaned in Beijing on February 21, his flair for both diplomacy and drama well in evidence. Notes Nixon biographer Stephen Ambrose, "He knew that when his old friend John Foster Dulles had refused to shake the hand of Chou En-lai in Geneva in 1954, Chou had felt insulted.
  • Terrorist Attack at the Olympic Games in Munich

    Terrorist Attack at the Olympic Games in Munich
    A GOP security aide is among the Watergate burglars, The Washington Post reports. Former attorney general John Mitchell, head of the Nixon reelection campaign, denies any link to the operation. Five men, one of whom says he used to work for the CIA, are arrested at 2:30 a.m. trying to bug the offices of the Democratic National Committee at the Watergate hotel and office complex.
  • Title IX signed into Law by Nixon

    The wording of Title IX is very brief; thus, specific language and clarifications with regards to how the law would be implemented was important. These clarifications were to be articulated in its implementing regulations. President Nixon directed the now-defunct Department of Health, Education and Welfare (HEW) to carry out this task.
  • Pocket calculators introduced

    Pocket calculators introduced
    An electronic calculator (usually called simply a calculator) is a small, usually inexpensive electronic device used to perform the basic operations of arithmetic. Modern calculators are more portable than most computers, though most PDAs are comparable in size to handheld calculators. The first electronic calculator was created in the 1960s, building on the history of tools such as the abacus, developed around 2000 BC; and the mechanical calculator, developed in the 17th century. It was develop
  • Nixion visits Soviet Union

    Nixion visits Soviet Union
    In 1972, President Richard M. Nixon took important steps by making historic visits to both China and the Soviet Union. These visits led to improved American relations with both countries and the signing of the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty and the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty.
  • KKK riots in NYC

    original Ku Klux Klan was organized by ex-Confederate elements to oppose the Reconstruction policies of the radical Republican Congress and to maintain "white supremacy." After the Civil War, when local government in the South was weak or nonexistent and there were fears of black outrages and even of an insurrection, informal vigilante organizations or armed patrols were formed in almost all communities.
  • George Wallace shot while campaigning

    George Wallace shot while campaigning
    Surrounded by a crowd of 1,000, the 52-year-old governor was shot at close range following his speech at the Laurel Shopping Center, about 14 miles northeast of Washington. Wallace, campaigning in his third bid for the presidency, was hit in the chest and stomach by two bullets that caused four or five wounds.
  • MASH T.V. Premiers

    MASH T.V. Premiers
    The first episode of the extremely popular TV series MASH aired on CBS on September 17, 1972. The concept of the MASH storyline was thought up by Dr. Richard Hornberger. Under the pseudonym "Richard Hooker," Dr. Hornberger wrote the book MASH: A Novel About Three Army Doctors (1968) which was based on his own experiences as a surgeon in the Korean War. In 1970, the book was turned into a movie and then later into a hit TV series.
  • HBO lauched

    HBO lauched
    HBO, (short for Home Box Office), is an American premium cable television network, owned by Time Warner. As of December 2010, HBO's programming reaches 28.6 million subscribers in the United States, making it the second largest premium subscription channel in America (Encore's programming reaches 32.8 million subscribers
  • First Successful video game (pong) launched

    First Successful video game (pong) launched
    Pong (marketed as PONG) is one of the earliest arcade video games, and is a tennis sports game featuring simple two-dimensional graphics. While other arcade video games such as Computer Space came before it, Pong was one of the first video games to reach mainstream popularity. The aim is to defeat the opponent in a simulated table tennis game by earning a higher score. The game was originally manufactured by Atari Incorporated (Atari), who released it in 1972.
  • Last man in the moon

    Apollo 17 was the eleventh and final manned mission in the American Apollo space program. Launched at 12:33 a.m. EST on December 7, 1972, with a crew of Commander Eugene Cernan, Command Module Pilot Ronald Evans, and Lunar Module Pilot Harrison Schmitt.
  • Endangered Species Act

    The Endangered Species Act of 1973 saved some protected species, but more species still need to be protected. A variety of techniques, including habitat improvement, has been used to save the plants and animals. The "Superfund" is used to clean up chemical and toxic waste contaminated sites.
  • Abortion Legalized in U.S

    In the United States, abortion became legal after the US Supreme Court decision in Roe v. Wade, (1973)
  • U.S. Pulls out of Vietnam

    President Nixon had been elected on a promise to Vietnamize the war, meaning more fighting would be turned over to the South Vietnamese army, and to start bringing home American troops. When the President ordered US troops into Cambodia and ordered more bombings, the result was a tremendous uproar at home with more marches and demonstrations. Congress reacted to the antiwar feeling and repealed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution which gave the President the authority to send troops and fight the war
  • UPC Barcodes comes to US

    The coding is used in many different areas of manufacturing and marketing, including inventory control and tracking systems. The bar codes printed on supermarket and other retail merchandise are those of the Universal Product Code (UPC).
  • U.S. Vice President Resigns

    As Nixon's vice president he was not closely involved in policy decisions, but he was a media favorite for his staunch defense of the Vietnam War and his colorful attacks on war protesters, the press and political dissidents. Agnew's fiery rhetoric became legendary,
  • Sears Tower Built

    It was built to house the main offices of Sears, Roebuck, and Co. Sears has not had offices in the building since 1992, it was purchased by a group of real estate investors in 2004 and Willis Insurance Group has recently become the largest tenant.
  • OPEC doubles Price of oil

    OPEC nations double the posted price of oil to
    $3.07 per barrel on the eve of the Yom Kippur War with Israel.
  • Paul Getty Kidnapped

    on 10 July 1973, Getty was kidnapped in the Piazza Farnese in Rome. A ransom note was received, demanding $17 million in exchange for his safe return. When that ransom message arrived, some family members suspected the kidnapping was merely a ploy by the rebellious youngster as he had frequently joked about staging his own kidnapping.
  • The War Power Act

    The constitutional powers of the president as Commander-in-Chief to introduce United States Armed Forces into hostilities, or into situations where imminent involvement in hostilities is clearly indicated by the circumstances, are exercised only pur suant to (1) a declaration of war, (2) specific statutory authorization, or (3) a national emergency created by attack upon the United States, its territories or possessions, or its armed forces. Read more:
  • Girls allowed to play in little League Baseball

    Little League Baseball's players might be small, but the organization's reach is anything but. Little League Baseball oversees more than 7,000 baseball and softball programs for about 3 million children in more than 100 countries worldwide, including the US, China, Israel, Russia, and Venezuela. On the local level, Little League Baseball programs are organized and operated by volunteers. The season ends with the annual Little League World Series played in Williamsport.
  • National Spped limit 55

    The National Maximum Speed Law (NMSL) in the United States was a provision of the 1974 Emergency Highway Energy Conservation Act that prohibited speed limits higher than 55 mph (90 km/h). It was drafted in response to oil price spikes and supply .
  • Patty Hearst Kidnapped

    a violent revolutionary group that espoused vaguely Marxist doctrines and operated in California from 1973 to 1975, undertaking a highly publicized campaign of domestic terrorism.
  • U.S President Nixons Reigns

    series of scandals occurring during the Nixon administration in which members of the executive branch organized illegal political espionage against their perceived opponents and were charged with violation of the public trust, bribery, contempt of Congress, and attempted obstruction of justice.
  • Gerald Ford pardons Nixon

    Gerald Ford became president of the United States after the Watergate scandal forced Richard Nixon from office in 1974. Though he served as president for only 29 months, Ford is now widely credited with restoring public faith in the office of the president after the scandals of the Nixon years. Ford graduated from the University of Michigan (1935) and the Yale University law school (1941) before serving in the U.S. Navy during World War II. He was then a U.S. Congressman from Michigan from 1948
  • Freedom of information Act passed over Ford's veto

    President Nixon resigns in disgrace August 9, becoming the first U.S. chief of state ever to quit office. The Supreme Court has ruled 8 to 0 July 24 that Nixon must turn over 64 White House tape recordings to a special prosecutor (see 1973). The House Judiciary Committee has voted July 30 to adopt three articles of impeachment, charging Nixon with obstruction of justice, failure to uphold laws, and refusal to produce material that the committee had subpoenaed.
  • Catalytic converters introduced on cars

    A reaction chamber typically containing a finely divided platinum-iridium catalyst into which exhaust gases from an automotive engine are passed together with excess air so that carbon monoxide and hydrocarbon pollutants are oxidized to carbon dioxide and water.
  • Microsoft Founded

    Microsoft's ambitions are anything but small. The world's #1 software company provides a variety of products and services, including its ubiquitous Windows operating systems and Office software suite. Microsoft has expanded into markets such as video game consoles, CRM applications, server and storage software, and digital music players. The company has also used acquisitions to bulk up its presence in markets such as online advertising, mobile devices, and enterprise software.
  • Computerized Supermarket Checkouts begin to appear

    J Sainsbury's trolley is filled with more than groceries. The UK's third-largest food retailer (after Tesco and ASDA) operates the Sainsbury's Supermarkets chain of some 535 grocery stores throughout the UK. Its fast-growing Sainsbury's online home delivery shopping service covers about 90% of the UK population.
  • Saigon falls to communism

    north took it over but the gov. eventually collapsed because they lacked strong leadership.
  • Arthur Ashe First Black Man to Win Wimbledon

    Arthur Ashe was a tennis star of the 1960s and '70s and an African-American pioneer: the first black man to win at the U.S. Open and Wimbledon. He scored many other firsts in his career, including becoming the first African-American on the U.S. Davis Cup team in 1963. Ashe played tennis at UCLA and was national collegiate champion in 1965. He won three major tournaments in his career.
  • Jimmy Hoffa disappears

    On July 31, 1975, James Riddle Hoffa, one of the most influential American labor leaders of the 20th century, disappears in Detroit, Michigan, never to be heard from again. Though he is popularly believed to have been the victim of a Mafia hit, conclusive evidence was never found, and Hoffa's death remains shrouded in mystery to this day.
  • president Ford assassination attempts (2)

    On September 5, 1975, in Sacramento, California, a woman named Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme had also attempted to shoot Ford. Fromme, a drug-addled Charles Manson cult follower, and Moore, a mentally unstable former FBI informant and accountant who fell into fringe revolutionary politics, both targeted Ford as a symbol of their hatred for the political establishment.
  • Francisco Franco Dies

    born Dec. 4, 1892, El Ferrol, Spain — died Nov. 20, 1975, Madrid) Spanish general and head of the government of Spain (1939 – 75). A career army officer, he was noted as a skillful leader and became army chief of staff in 1935. He joined the insurgents in the Spanish Civil War and was named El Caudillo ("The Leader") of the Nationalist forces (1936). In 1937 he reorganized the fascist Falange party into a more pluralistic group and made it the regime's official political movement.
  • Apple Computer Launched

    In 1975, Steve Wozniak was working for Hewlett Packard (calculator manufacturers) by day and playing computer hobbyist by night, tinkering with the early computer kits like the Altair. "All the little computer kits that were being touted to hobbyists in 1975 were square or rectangular boxes with non understandable switches on them.
  • Legionnaire's disease stirkes 182 , kills 29

    The history of Legionnaires' disease began at least 33 years before the 1976 Philadelphia epidemic, when Legionella micdadei was isolated from human blood. Multiple isolations of several different Legionella spp. were made prior to 1976, and it was known by 1968 that tetracycline therapy prevented deaths in L. pneumophila-infected chicken embryos.
  • Karen Ann Quinlan

    When she was 21, Quinlan became unconscious after arriving home from a party. She had consumed diazepam, dextropropoxyphene, and alcohol. After she collapsed and stopped breathing twice for 15 minutes or more, the paramedics arrived and took her to hospital, where she lapsed into a persistent vegetative state. After she was kept alive on a ventilator for several months without improvement, her parents requested the hospital to discontinue active care and allow her to die. The hospital refused,
  • Entebee Air Raid

    Operation Entebbe was a hostage-rescue mission carried out by the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) at Entebbe Airport in Uganda on 4 July 1976. week earlier, on 27 June, an Air France plane with 248 passengers was hijacked by Palestinian terrorists and supporters and flown to Entebbe, near Kampala, the capital of Uganda. Shortly after landing, all non-Jewish passengers were released.
  • North and South Vietnam Join to form the Socialist Republic of Vietnam

    The Democratic Republic of Vietnam (north) absorbed the former Republic of Vietnam (south) to form the Socialist Republic of Vietnam on July 2, 1976.
  • Mao Tse - Tung dies

    a traditional Chinese praise for the reigning Emperor, this was frequently heard toward the end of Mao's long life. Mao Tse Tung died in 1976 at the age of 82. The cause of death was amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS or Lou Gehrig's Disease; Stephen Hawking has it too) as well as breathing problems caused by smoking.
  • Nadia Comaneci Given Seven Perfect Tens

    is a Romanian gymnast, winner of three Olympic gold medals at the 1976 Summer Olympics, and the first gymnast ever to be awarded a perfect score of 10 in an Olympic gymnastic event. She is also the winner of two gold medals at the 1980 Summer Olympics. She is one of the best-known gymnasts in the world .
  • Betamax VCR's released

    The 1970s was a period when video recording became a major contributor to the television industry. Like many other technological innovations, each of several companies made an attempt to produce a television recording standard that the majority of the world would embrace. At the peak of it all, the home video industry was caught up in a series of videotape format wars. The two major formats - VHS and Betamax, received the most media exposure. VHS would eventually win the war.
  • West Point Women

    (Mobile, Alabama) 20 women have dropped out of 1st class with female cadets. 1 is Rose Burch of Mobile, Alabama. Reasons cited. [BURCH - says carrying rifle exhausted her.] Is now studying at University of South Alabama. [BURCH - notes difference in male treatment of women she's used to and that from soldiers at West Point.] Family disappointed she dropped out. [BURCH - says she didn't want to hurt family by coming home, but was hurting self to stay.]
  • Neutron Bomb Funding Began

    Scores of heavy artillery pieces are aimed at the invaders. Nuclear devices, each packing the equivalent of ten kilotons (10,000 tons) .
  • President Cater pardons Vietnam Draft Dogers

    On this day in 1977, President Jimmy Carter, in his first day in office, fulfilled a campaign promise by granting unconditional pardons to hundreds of thousands of men who had evaded the draft during the Vietnam War by fleeing the country or by failing to register.
  • Red eye #2 banned

    Red-eye is a new mutant in the Aedes scutellaris complex of mosquitoes. The mutation is detectable in three developmental stages: larvae, pupae, and adults. In the larval stage only centrally located ommatidia of the compound eyes are red. In the pupal stage only ventro-laterally located ocelli are red; compound eyes are pigmentless.
  • Miniseries Roots Airs

    Roots is a 1977 American television miniseries based on Alex Haley's work Roots: The Saga of an American Family. Roots received 36 Emmy Award nominations, winning nine; it also won a Golden Globe and a Peabody Award.
  • Star Wars Movie Released

    Part IV in a George Lucas epic, Star Wars: A New Hope opens with a rebel ship being boarded by the tyrannical Darth Vader. The plot then follows the life of a simple farmboy, Luke Skywalker, as he and his newly met allies (Han Solo, Chewbacca, Ben Kenobi, C-3PO, R2-D2) attempt to rescue a rebel leader, Princess Leia, from the clutches of the Empire. The conclusion is culminated as the Rebels, including Skywalker and flying ace Wedge Antilles make an attack on the Empires most powerful.
  • alaskan pipeline completed

    The pipeline was an engineering marvel, considering the terrain that had to be negotiated: three mountain ranges and numerous rivers and streams stood between all those thirsty SUVs and their sustenance. The project, which was privately funded, cost $8 billion. Since turning on the spigot on June 20, 1977, more than 14 billion barrels of oil have flowed to the storage tanks at Valdez. The ARCO Juneau was the first tanker.
  • New York City Blackout

    New York City lost electricity when a Con Ed substation was hit by lightning strikes and a "cascading effect" caused the system to shut down around 9PM. And NYC, as well as parts of Westchester County, were powerless for over a day in the sweltering heart of the summer. Subways were stuck, mobs set fires and stores were looted.
  • First Black Miss Universe

    She was elected Miss Photogenic four days before the final, becoming the second black woman to win the award in Miss Universe history. On July 16, in the National Theater of Santo Domingo, Commissiong was crowned Miss Universe, attracting international attention as the first black winner in the chronology of Miss Universe.
  • Elvis Found Died

    Elvis was found lying unconscious on his bathroom floor of Grace Land, his Memphis mansion, by his girlfriend, Ginger Alden. Help was summoned, he was rushed in to hospital. But all attempts to revive him were futile.
  • Camp David accords for Middle East Peace

    The two framework agreements were signed at the White House, and were witnessed by United States President Jimmy Carter. The second of these frameworks, A Framework for the Conclusion of a Peace Treaty between Egypt and Israel, led directly to the 1979 Egypt-Israel Peace Treaty, and resulted in Sadat and Begin sharing the 1978 Nobel Peace Prize. Little progress was achieved on the first framework however, A Framework for Peace in the Middle East, which dealt with the Palestinian territories.
  • Alantic City permits gambling

    Atlantic City, New Jersey has always been a resort town. Its location in South Jersey, hugging the Atlantic Ocean between marshlands and islands, presented itself as prime real estate for developers. The city was incorporated in 1854, the same year in which train service began, linking this remote parcel of land with Philadelphia.
  • First Test -Tube baby born

    The world's first in-vitro fertilization baby was born. (1978) Louise Brown was born in Oldham, England. Her parents, Lesley and Peter Brown, had tried for years to have a baby, but Lesley suffered from blocked fallopian tubes. The doctors, a British gynecologist named Patrick Steptoe and a scientist named Robert Edwards, successfully performed the first procedure. Though it was controversial at the time, the procedure now is considered mainstream .
  • Love Canal in New York declared federal disaster

    Love Canal is a neighborhood in Niagara Falls, New York, which became the subject of national and international attention, controversy, and eventual environmental notoriety following the discovery of 21,000 tons of toxic waste that had been buried beneath the neighborhood by Hooker Chemical. Love Canal officially covers 36 square blocks in the far southeastern corner of the city, along 99th Street and Read Avenue. Two bodies of water define the northern and southern boundaries.
  • Jonestown Massacre

    Jonestown was the informal name for the Peoples Temple Agricultural Project, an intentional community in northwestern Guyana formed by the Peoples Temple, a cult led by Jim Jones. It became internationally notorious when, on November 18, 1978, 918 people died in the settlement as well as in a nearby airstrip and in Georgetown, Guyana's capital. The name of the settlement became synonymous with the incidents at those locations.
  • John Paul II Becomes Pope

    Sovereign of The Holy See from 16 October 1978 until his death on 2 April 2005, His was the second-longest documented pontificate, which lasted days; only Pope Pius IX (1846–1878) who served 31 years, has reigned longer. Pope John Paul II is the only Slavic or Polish pope to date, and was the first non-Italian Pope since Dutch Pope Adrian VI (1522–1523).
  • Ayatollah Khomeini Returns as leader of Iran

    was an Iranian religious leader and politician, and leader of the 1979 Iranian Revolution which saw the overthrow of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the Shah of Iran. Following the revolution and a national referendum, Khomeini became the country's Supreme Leader—a position created in the constitution as the highest ranking political and religious authority of the nation—until his death.
  • Nuclear Accident at Three Mile Island

    The accident at the Three Mile Island Unit 2 (TMI‑2) nuclear power plant near Middletown, Pa., on March 28, 1979, was the most serious in U.S. commercial nuclear power plant operating history, even though it led to no deaths or injuries to plant workers or members of the nearby community. But it brought about sweeping changes involving emergency response planning, reactor operator training, human factors engineering, radiation protection, and many other areas of nuclear power plant operations.
  • Margaret Thatcher First Women Prime Minister of Great Britain

    Born in Grantham, Lincolnshire, Thatcher studied chemistry at Somerville College, Oxford before qualifying as a barrister. In the 1959 general election she became MP for Finchley. Edward Heath appointed Thatcher Secretary of State for Education and Science in his 1970 government. In 1975 she was elected Leader of the Conservative Party, the first woman to head a major UK political party, and in 1979 she became the UK's first female Prime Minister.
  • Jerry Falwell begins Moral Majority

    The Rev. Jerry Falwell, the television evangelist who founded the Moral Majority and used it to mold the religious right into a political force, died Tuesday shortly after being found unconscious in his office at Liberty University. He was 73.
  • Sony Introduces the Walkman

    When Sony introduced the Walkman 30 years ago, on July 1, 1979, it was, in a sense, already obsolete: Both Sony and Philips were already well on their way to developing the compact discs that would make trying to surgically repair the distended guts of your favorite REO Speedwagon cassette with a paper clip mere fodder for misplaced nostalgia.
  • ESPN starts broadcasting

    SportsCenter is a daily sports news television show, and the flagship program of American cable network ESPN since the network launched on September 7, 1979. Originally broadcast only daily, SportsCenter is now shown up to twelve times a day, replaying the day's scores and highlights from major sporting events.
  • The Greensboro Massacre

    The Greensboro massacre occurred on November 3, 1979 in Greensboro, North Carolina, United States. Five protest marchers were shot and killed by members of the Ku Klux Klan and the American Nazi Party. The protest was the culmination of attempts by the Communist Workers Party to organize mostly black industrial workers in the area.
  • Iran Takes American Hostages in Tehran

    On November 4, 1979, radical Iranian students seized the United States Embassy complex in the Iranian capital of Tehran. The immediate cause of this takeover was the anger many Iranians felt over the U.S. President Jimmy Carter allowing the deposed former ruler of Iran, Shah Reza Pahlavi, to enter the U.S.