Belize

  • 300

    Mayans began settling in Belize

    Mayans began settling in Belize
  • Jul 13, 800

    Inhabitants suddenly migrated to the Yucatan

  • 1700's - Pirates married native women or female captives and their offspring called themselves "Baymen"

    1700's - Pirates married native women or female captives and their offspring called themselves "Baymen"
  • Battle of St George's Caye - Baymen, Slaves and British warships defeated the Spanish Armada

  • Became the Crown Colony of British Honduras

  • The British granted Belize internal self-rule

  • Hurricane Hattie destroys much of Belize City & the capital was moved to Belmopan

  • Offically changed its name to Belize

  • Gained their independence from the UK

    Gained their independence from the UK
  • Becomes an ecotourism destination

  • British Army withdraws from Belize, they form their own 500 man army

  • Petroluem was discovered

  • Languages Spoken: Spanish 46%, Creole 32.9%, Mayan dialects 8.9%, English 3.9% (offical), Garifuna 3.4% (Carib), German 3.3%, other 1.6%

  • Demographics: population 321,115, growth rate 2.056%, GDP $1.42 billion,

  • People: just over 1/2 live in rural areas, 1/5 live in Belize city, 1/3 of population is under age of 14

  • Geography - Land mass 22,806 sq km, water 160 sq km, coastline 386 km, lowest elevation Caribbean Sea 0m, highest elevation Doyle's Deligh 1,160 m

  • Terrian is flat, swampy coastal plains with low mountains in the south

  • Ethnic Groups: Mestizo 48.7%, Creole 24.9%, Mayo 10.6%, Garifuna 6.1%, Other 9.7%

  • Natural resources are arable land, timber, fish, hydropower

  • Current environmental issues: deforestation, water pollution, solid & sewage waste

  • Economy: Tourism is number one followed by marine products, citrus, can sugar, bananas and garments

  • Guatamela continues territortial claims to Belize

  • Climate - Tropical monoonal with a brief dry season & pronounced wet season

  • Belize borders Guatemala and Mexico

  • Natural hazards include; frequent hurricanes, and coastal flooding

  • Government: Paliamentary deomcracy with a Commonwealth realm.

  • Current Issues: Large foreign debt, high levels of poverty, growing urban crime, smuggling & human trafficking