Baroque timeline

By ak457
  • Period: 1551 to

    Giulio Caccini

    Caccini was an Italian composer, singer, teacher and instrumentalist. He was also known as one of the founders of opera during this time period. He gave a description of the new singing style in his book of "songs" of 1602. His works include 4 stage works and more than 75 songs and arias.
  • Period: 1557 to

    Giovanni Gabrieli

    Gabrieli was an Italian composer and organist. He was noted for his use of instruments in his sacred music, His works include 90 motets, grand concertos, and instrumental music.
  • Period: 1561 to

    Jacopo Peri

    Peri was another composer known for being one of the founders of opera. He was claimed to be the first in 1537 with his 'Dafne'. He was significant in his contributions towards monody and the recitative style. His works include 20 stage works and 30 songs.
  • Period: 1563 to

    John Dowland

    Dowland was known as an English lutenist and composer. He served in the court of Denmark and later in life was appointed in London as one of the King's lutenists. His works include 3 books of songs, many pieces for lute, and some sacred music.
  • Period: 1564 to

    William Shakespeare

    Shakespeare was a well known English playwright and poet. He was important in the field music from his day to the present as well. He has written numerous poems and plays, well known ones being 'Romeo and Juliet' and 'Hamlet' to name just a few.
  • Period: 1567 to

    Claudio Monteverdi

    Monteverdi was the most important composer of the early Baroque era. He was one of the inventers of second practice- or the modern style. His works include 8 books of madrigals, vespers, and 13 operas- though not all of his works survived.
  • Period: 1570 to

    Florentine Camerata

    In the Baroque era, intellectuals to discuss the arts, including Caccini, Peri, Girolamo Mei, and Vincenzo Galilei- this group was known as Florentine Camerata.
  • Period: to

    Orlando Gibbons

    Gibbons was the English composer of Anglican Church anthems. He was a keyboardist and a leading composer in 17th century England. His works include sacred choral music, anthems, and consort music.
  • Period: to

    Girolamo Frescobaldi

    Frescobaldi was the first modern keyboard virtuoso and composer. He was the most influential keyboard composer of the early baroque. He was the first European composer to focus on instrumental music. His works include instrumental works, sacred and secular vocal works.
  • Period: to

    Heinrich Schutz

    Schutz was the most important German composer of the Middle Baroque. He studied in Venice and was reported to have composed the first German opera- though it has been lost. His works include madrigals and hundreds of choral works.
  • Cantata

    This is a musical genre that was created in the Baroque era, though there is no precise date- it was prominent in the 17th century.
  • Period: to

    Giacomo Carissimi

    Carassimi was a leading composer of Roman cantats and oratorios, he was also the teacher of Charpentier. His works include a mass, motets, oratorios, and 150+ cantatas.
  • 30 years war

    This was a war fought between European countries, which is a home to many of the composers in the Baroque era. This war may have caused many to escape and seek refuge.
  • Period: to

    Barbara Strozzi

    Strozzi was a virtuoso singer and the most prolific composer of cantatas in the 17th century. Her works included madrigals, cantatas, and arias.
  • Period: to

    Giovanni Legrenzi

    Legrenzi was an Italian composer and organist. He was widely influential in the middle Baroque era and used many short arias in his operas. His works include 19 operas, 7 oratorios, sacred and secular vocal works, and instrumental works including sonatas.
  • Period: to

    Jean-Baptiste Lully

    Lully was an establisher of French opera and ballet. He was a dancer and violinist. Despite being Italian at birth, he was claimed by France. His works include 16 operas, 30+ ballets, motets, and instrumental works.
  • Period: to

    Dieterich Buxtehude

    Buxtehude was a German organist and composer. He was one of the most important organ composer before Bach and was respected by him. His works include 100+ sacred vocal works, 100+ works for organ, and instrumental works.
  • Period: to

    Marc-Antoine Charpentier

    Charpentier was a composer of French operas and a pupil of Carissimi. He was an equal to Lully and extremely prolific. His works included 11 masses, magnificats, motets, antiphons, psalms, oratorios, airs, cantatas, operas, incidental music, and instrumental works.
  • Period: to

    Arcangelo Corelli

    Corelli was the most important Italian composer of sonatas and concertos and was known as the most influential violinist of the Baroque era. In his time, he had 6 published collections that we know of.
  • Period: to

    Johann Pachelbel

    Pachelbel was a German composer and organist and was a leading composer of his time. His works include liturgical organ music, Protestant church music, other keyboard works, and 2 masses.
  • Period: to

    Giuseppe Torelli

    Torelli was a composer who contributed the most to the development of concertos around 1700. He wrote for trumpet and strings and was known as a virtuoso violinist. His works include 5 collections of chamber works.
  • Period: to

    Henry Purcell

    Purcell was the most important English composer in the 17th century. His works include songs, anthems, sacred music, 6 stage works, incidental music, and keyboard works.
  • Period: to

    Alessandro Scarlatti

    Scarlatti was an important Italian composer and a teacher in Naples. His death ends the Baroque opera period, but he was a teacher to many composers to come. His works include many operas, serenatas, oratorios, arias, hundreds of cantatas, 10 masses, motets, madrigals, keyboard works, concertos, theoretical and pedagogical works as well.
  • Period: to

    Francois Couperin

    Couperin was a French composer and keyboardist. He was one of the most important French composers. His works include sacred and secular vocal works, chamber music, 27 ordres of keyboard works as well.
  • Period: to

    Antonio Vivaldi

    Vivaldi was a famous Italian composer. He laid the foundations for late Baroque instrumental music and began to teach. He was a pioneer of orchestral music, but his death lead to being virtually forgotten by his contemporaries.
  • Period: to

    Georg Philipp Telemann

    Telemann was the most prolific German composer during his time. He was more popular than Bach during the Baroque era and contributed significantly to concert life in Germany. His works include cantatas, Passions, oratorios, masses, psalms, motets, operas, overtures, concertos, sonatas, quartets, quintets, keyboard works, and theoretical publications.
  • Period: to

    Johann Sebastian Bach

    Bach was considered a Baroque master as well as the master of counterpoint. He wrote no operas and became an icon for future generations and is still one of the most revered composers today. His works include 205+ cantatas, masses, magnificat, motets, suites, oratorios, passions, fugues, concertos, sonatas, keyboard works, and chorales.
  • Metronome

    Metronomes were roughly being experimented with at this time. Loulie stumbled across the metronome mechanics in 1694 whilst experimenting with his chronometre.
  • Cristofori Harpsichord

    Though the harpsichord dates back to around the 16th century, it still went through many transformations during the 17th century. During this time, Cristofori invented a harpsichord with both loud and soft dynamics, which has helped further progress the harpsichord.