AP History 1862-1900's

  • 1862- Homestead act of 1862

    To easily settle land to the west of the United States,the goverment implemented a simple plan to settle the populatiopon west. file an application, improve the land, and file for deed of title.
  • 1862 Morill Land Grant Act

    Allowed for the creation of land-grant colleges.It was led by Professor Jonathan Baldwin Turner of Illinois College to allow a bill to fund a system of Industrial colleges for each state.It was signed into law by Abraham Lincoln in 1862 on July 2.
  • The election of 1868

    Republicans nominated Gen. Ulysses S. Grant. a civil war hero with a strong reputation ,he used his reputation to earn his canidancy for president.Democrats nominated Horatio Seymour.Although the popular vote was close between the two,Seymour lost to Grant in the electoral vote.
  • 1869-Black Friday

    "Jubilee"Jim Fisk and partner Jay Gould attempt to corner the gold market on the New York Gold exchange.Fisk first recruited Grant’s brother-in-law, Abel Corbin. They used Corbin to convince Grant to appoint General Daniel Butterfield as assistant Treasurer of the United States. He would control the sale of gold by the goverment.Gould continued to purchase large amounts of gold.This caused the price of gold to rise and stocks to crash.
  • 1872 Revolt by Liberal Republicans

    Reformers start the Liberal Republican party in response to the political corruption in Washington.The Liberal Republican Party met in Cincinnati and chose Horace Greeley as their presidential candidate for the election of 1872,however,the democratic party also supported Greely. The Liberal Republicans then turned to Grant.
  • The Panic of 1873

    Started by Over-spending with borrowed money and caused by over-speculation.Businesses and banks went bankrupt.
  • Hayes-Tilden Standoff

    Rutherford B. Hayes and Samuel Tilden are in a strong presidential campaign,it ends in a stern stalemate
  • THe Compromise of 1877

    THe compromise resulted in the North winning the election with rutherford B. Hayes as PResident and the South gaing the removal of Military occupation of the North and money would be spent for the TExas-Pacific RAil line.This offically signed the end of Reconstruction
  • The Election of 1880

    Garfield (Republican) runs against Gen.Winfield SCott (Democrat). Garfield wins the election
  • Garfield is assassinated

    Shortly into his term of presidency, James A. Garfield is assassinated by Charles J. Gaiteau.Chester Arthur becomes President.
  • Chinese Exclusion Act

    the act was signed by Chester Arthur to suspend Chinese Immigration.For the first time the US had proscribed a certain ethinicity from migration to the US.
  • The Dawes Act

    the act was adopted by congress in 1887 to stimulate assimilation of Native Americans into American Society.
  • Sherman Anti-trust act

    the act outlawed monopolies and trusts.IT forbade mega companies from dominating smaller comapnies and corporations.However, the act was not effective at all.
  • McKinley Tariff

    Raised Tax rates to nearly 48% ;Business owners thrived,but poor farmers struggled and suffered.It was the highest peacetime rate issued.
  • Rise of the Populist party

    a new political party emerged,the populists party .Which consisted largely of unhappy farmers.
  • The Depression of 1893

    Completed the predictable 20-year cycle of panics 8,000 Businesses went bankrupt
  • 1900-Rail Lines completed

    by 1900,Four rail lines have been constructed.
    Northern Pacific;Atchison,Topeka,and Santa Fe,\;Southern Pacific;and Great Northern.