AP European History

  • Apr 9, 1215

    Magna Carta signed in England

  • Period: Apr 9, 1305 to Apr 9, 1377

    Great Schism in Roman Catholic Church

  • Apr 9, 1321

    Divine Comedy begins in vernacular literature

  • Period: Apr 9, 1338 to Apr 9, 1453

    Hundred Years War between England and France

  • Apr 9, 1348

    Black Death enters Europe

  • Apr 9, 1370

    English Parliament begins meeting in current form

  • Apr 9, 1419

    Prince Henry forms navigators' school

  • Apr 9, 1450

    Renaissance begins

  • Period: Apr 9, 1450 to Apr 9, 1485

    War of Roses in England

  • Period: Apr 9, 1487 to Apr 9, 1488

    Dias' voyage to Cape of Good Hope

  • Apr 9, 1492

    Unification of Spain completed

  • Apr 9, 1492

    Columbus lands in the Western Hemisphere

  • Apr 9, 1494

    Treaty of Tordesillas

  • Apr 9, 1497

    Cabot sails to North America

  • Period: Apr 9, 1497 to Apr 9, 1498

    Da Gama's first voyage to India

  • Apr 9, 1500

    Cabral claims Brazil

  • Apr 9, 1502

    Vespucci produces map of New World

  • Period: Apr 9, 1519 to Apr 9, 1522

    Magellan's expedition; Cortes captures Mexico

  • Apr 9, 1522

    Martin Luther begins Protestant Reformation

  • Apr 9, 1524

    Verrazano sails to North America

  • Apr 9, 1525

    First German religious wars

  • Apr 9, 1529

    Marburg Colloguy

  • Period: Apr 9, 1530 to Apr 9, 1535

    Pizarro captures Peru

  • Period: Apr 9, 1533 to

    Ivan the Terrible rules Russia

  • Apr 9, 1534

    Act of Supremacy creates the Anglican Church

  • Apr 9, 1534

    Cartier sails up the St. Lawrence River

  • Apr 9, 1536

    Calvin begins Geneva ministry

  • Apr 9, 1540

    Loyola forms the Society of Jesus

  • Apr 9, 1543

    Scientific Revolution begins

  • Apr 9, 1543

    Copernicus, On the Revolutions of Heavenly Bodies

  • Apr 9, 1543

    Vesalius, On the Fabric of the Human Body

  • Period: Apr 9, 1545 to Apr 9, 1563

    Council of Trent reforms Roman Catholic Church

  • Apr 9, 1555

    Peace of Augsburg

  • Apr 9, 1559

    Elizabethan Settlement

  • Period: Apr 9, 1562 to

    French Wars of Religion

  • Period: Apr 9, 1581 to

    Golden Age of the Dutch Republic

  • Edict of Nantes

  • James I brings Stuart rule to England

  • Jamestown established

  • Quebec established

  • Galileo, The Starry Messenger

  • Period: to

    Reign of Louis XIII in France

  • Michael Romanov re-establishes czarist rule in Russia

  • Period: to

    Thirty Years War

  • Bacon develops inductive reasoning

  • Harvey, On the Motion of the Heart and Blood

  • Descartes develops deductive reasoning

  • Hohenzollerns come to power in Prussia

  • Period: to

    English Civil War

  • Period: to

    Reign of Louis XIV in France

  • Period: to

    Cromwell rules England

  • Restoration

  • Edict of Fontainebleu

  • Newton, Principia

  • Glorious Revolution

  • Period: to

    Peter the Great rules Russia

  • Period: to

    War of Spanish Succession

  • Period: to

    Frederick William I of Prussia

  • Enlightenment begins

  • Period: to

    Frederick the Great of Prussia

  • Period: to

    Maria Theresa of Austria

  • Period: to

    War of Austrian Succession

  • Montesquieu's Spirit of the Laws

  • Period: to

    Diderot and Encyclopedia

  • Period: to

    Seven Years War (French and Indian War in America)

  • Flying Shuttle

  • Voltaire's Condide

  • Rousseau's The Social Contract and Emile

  • Period: to

    Catherine the Great of Russia

  • Treaty of Paris, 1763

  • Water frame/ mule

  • First Partition of Poland begins

  • Period: to

    American Revolution

  • Declaration of Independence

  • Smith's The Wealth of Nations

  • Period: to

    Joseph II of Austria

  • James Watt's perfected steam engine

  • Treaty of Paris 1783

  • Powerloom

  • Period: to

    French Revolution

  • Period: to

    Rule of Napoleon

  • First steam powered locomotive

  • Napoleon exiled to Elba

  • Period: to

    Congress of Vienna

  • Napoleon returns/Defeated at Waterloo

  • First of Corn Laws passed in Britain

  • Revolutions in Central and South America

  • Peterloo massacre

  • Period: to

    Greek Revolt

  • Monroe Doctrine

  • European continental countries begin Industrializing

  • Decembrist Revolt in Russia

  • July Revolution in France

  • Period: to

    Louis Philippe rules France

  • Reform Act passed in Great Britain

  • Grand National Consolidated Trades Union formed

  • Period: to

    Victorian Age in Great Britain

  • Chartist movement

  • Great otato famine in Ireland

  • Revolutions of 1848 across Europe; Louis Napoleon elected president of 2nd French Republic

  • Louis Napoleon elected president of the 2nd French Republic

  • The Communist Manifesto published

  • Period: to

    Frankfort Assembly in Germany

  • Great Exhibition in Great Britain

  • Emperor Nap III proclaims Second French Empire

  • Period: to

    Crimean War

  • Pasteur develops germ theory

  • Period: to

    Unification of Italy

  • Origin of the Species published

  • Emancipation Proclamation in US

  • Emancipation of the serfs in Russia

  • Period: to

    Civil War in the US

  • Napoleon III installs Maximilian as emperor of Mexico

  • Period: to

    Unification of Germany

  • Maximilian removed as ruler of Mexico; Ausgleich in Austria creats Dual Monachy; Dominion of Canada created

  • Descent of Man Published; Napoleon III toppled from power

  • Third French Republic proclaimed

  • Congress of Berlin

  • Triple Alliance formed

  • Reform Act of 1884 in Great Britain

  • Wilhelm II becomes kaiser

  • Birth of nuclear physics; Start of American progressive era

  • Period: to

    Dreyfus Affair

  • Period: to

    Spanish American War

  • Period: to

    Boer War

  • Freud's The Interpretation of Dreams; Birth of modern volkism

  • Russo- Japanese War

  • Russian Revolution of 1905

  • Triple Entente formed

  • Archduke Franz Ferdinand assassinated; World War I begins

  • Italy enters the war

  • US enters the war; Russian Bolshevik Revolution

  • Treaty of Brest- Litovsk; Americans enter the fighting; armistice declared

  • Versailles Treaty

  • Period: to

    French policy of coersion in the Rhineland

  • France's Cartel of the Left; Lenin dies in Soviet Union

  • Mussolini establishes Fascism in Italy

  • Stock Market Crash in US; Stalin becomes dictator of Soviet Union

  • Stock Market crash in US; Stalin becomes dictator of Soviet Union

  • New Deal begins in US; Hitler becomes dictator of Soviet Union

  • Japan invades manchuria

  • Japan invades Manchuria

  • New Deal begins in US; Hitler becomes Nazi dictator of Germany

  • Collapse of League of Nations; Germany occupies Rhineland; Rome-Berlin Axis Treaty

  • Period: to

    Spanish Civil War

  • Japan invades China

  • Anschluss; Munich conference; Germany takes Sudetenland

  • Germany invades Czechoslovakia; Hitler-Stalin Pact; Germany invades Poland starting WWII

  • Western Europe falls to Blitzkreig; Battle of Britain begins

  • New Order/ Final Solution begin in Germany; Japan attacks Pearl Harbor

  • Normandy invasion; Battle of the Bulge

  • Germany surrenders; Atomic bombs dropped on Japan; Japan surrender

  • Basis for the United Nations agreed upon by 5 charter members

  • Great Britain becomes "welfare state"

  • Truman doctrine; Marshall plan; Great Britain gives India and Pakistan independence

  • Jews proclaim new state in Israel

  • Period: to

    First Berlin blockade and Berlin airlift

  • China falls to the Communists; Republic of China established on Taiwan; UN begins; NATO forms; Konrad Adenauer becomes first chancellor of West Germany

  • Period: to

    Korean War

  • Joseph Stalin dies

  • Warsaw Pact formed

  • Hungarian revolt crushed by Soviet Union

  • European Common Market forms; Bill Haley and the Comets release first "Rock and Roll" hit

  • Berlin Wall Constructed

  • Period: to

    Vietnam War

  • Bay of Pigs invasion

  • Cuban Missile Crisis

  • MLKj leads Civil rights "March on Washington"

  • Palestinian Liberation Organization formed; Krushchev removed as leader of Soviet Union; Gulf of Tonkin resolution escalates American involvement in Vietnam

  • Six Day War in middle east

  • Soviets crush "Prague spring" in Czechloslovakia

  • Watergate scandal paralyzes US; OPEC oil embargo shakes western economies

  • Iran seizes US embassy in Tehran with hostages; Soviet Union invades Afghanastan

  • Solidarity movement begins in Poland

  • Great Britain wins Falklands War

  • Collapse of communism begins in Czehloslovakia

  • Soviet Union begins to break apart; Germany is reunified

  • Communism ends in Soviet Union which becomes Russia again; First Persian Gulf War

  • European Union created

  • Terrorist attack on the US on 9/11; coalition war on terrorists in Afghanistan

  • US invades Iraq

  • Worldwide economic collapse