AP Art History Timeline project

  • 25,500 BCE

    Apollo 11 Stones

    Apollo 11 Stones
    Namibia
    c. 25,500 - 25,300 B.C.E.
    Charcoal on stone
  • 15,000 BCE

    Great Hall of the Bulls Cave paintings

    Great Hall of the Bulls Cave paintings
    Lascaux, France. 15,000-13,000 B.C.E. Rock painting
  • 14,000 BCE

    Camelid sacrum

    Camelid sacrum
    Tequixquiac, Mexico, 14,000–7000 B.C.E., Bone
  • 11,000 BCE

    Shiva as Lord of Dance (Nataraja)

    Shiva as Lord of Dance (Nataraja)
    Hindu
    India (Tamil Nadu)
    Chola Dynasty
    c. 11th century C.E.
    Cast bronze
  • 6000 BCE

    Running Horned Woman

    Running Horned Woman
    Tassili n’Ajjer, Algeria
    6000 - 4000 B.C.E
    Pigment on rock
  • 5000 BCE

    Helios, horses, and Dionysus (Heracles?)

    Helios, horses, and Dionysus (Heracles?)
    East Pediment Sculpture, Parthenon (Phidias?)
    5th Century B.C.E.
    Marble
  • 5000 BCE

    Plaque of the Ergastines

    Plaque of the Ergastines
    Parthenon (Phidias)
    5th Century B.C.E.
    Marble
  • 4200 BCE

    Beaker with ibex motif

    Beaker with ibex motif
    Susa, Iran
    4200--3500 B.C.E.
    Painted terra-cotta
  • 4000 BCE

    Anthropomorphic stele

    Anthropomorphic stele
    Arabian Peninsula
    4th millennium B.C.E
    Sandstone
  • 3500 BCE

    White Temple and its ziggurat

    White Temple and its ziggurat
    Uruk (modern Warka, Iraq)
    Sumerian
    c.3500-3000 B.C.E.
    Mud brick
  • 3300 BCE

    Jade Cong

    Jade Cong
    Liangzhu, China, 3300-2200 B.C.E., Carved jade
  • 3000 BCE

    Palette of Narmer

    Palette of Narmer
    Predynastic Egypt
    c.3000-2920 B.C.E.
    Greywacke
  • 2700 BCE

    Statues of votive figures

    Statues of votive figures
    From the Square Temple at Eshnunna (modern Tell Asmar, Iraq)
    Sumerian
    c.2700 B.C.E.
    Gypsum inlaid with shell and black limestone
  • 2620 BCE

    Seated scribe

    Seated scribe
    Old Kingdom, Fourth Dynasty
    c.2620-2500 B.C.E.
    Painted limestone
  • 2600 BCE

    Standard of Ur from the Royal Tombs at Ur

    Standard of Ur from the Royal Tombs at Ur
    Modern Tell el-Muqayyar, Iraq
    Sumerian
    c.2600-2400 B.C.E.
    Wood inlaid with shell, lapis lazuli, and red limestone
  • 2550 BCE

    Great Pyramids and the Great Sphinx

    Great Pyramids and the Great Sphinx
    Giza, Egypt
    Old Kingdom, Fourth Dynasty
    c.2550-2490 B.C.E.
    Cut limestone
  • 2500 BCE

    Stonehenge

    Stonehenge
    Wiltshire, UK
    Neolithic Europe
    c.2500-1600 B.C.E
    Sandstone
  • 2490 BCE

    King Menkaura and queen

    King Menkaura and queen
    Old Kingdom, Fourth Dynasty
    c.2490-2472 B.C.E.
    Greywacke
  • 2000 BCE

    House of the Vettii

    House of the Vettii
    Pompeii, Italy
    Imperial Roman
    c. 2nd Century B.C.E.
    Cut stone and fresco
  • 2000 BCE

    Portrait mask (Mblo)

    Portrait mask (Mblo)
    Baule peoples (Côte d’Ivoire)
    Early 20th century C.E.
    Wood and pigment
  • 2000 BCE

    Malagan display and mask

    Malagan display and mask
    New Ireland Province, Papua New Guinea
    c. 20th century C.E.
    Wood, pigment, fiber, and shell
  • 1953 BCE

    Presentation of Fijian mats and tapa cloths to Queen Elizabeth II

    Presentation of Fijian mats and tapa cloths to Queen Elizabeth II
    Fiji, Polynesia. 1953 C.E.
    Multimedia performance (costume; cosmetics, including scent; chant; movement; and pandanus fiber/hibiscus fiber mats), photographic documentation
  • 1910 BCE

    Veranda post of enthroned king and senior wife (Opo Ogoga)

    Veranda post of enthroned king and senior wife (Opo Ogoga)
    Olowe of Ise (Yoruba peoples)
    c. 1910-1914 C.E.
    Wood and pigment
  • 1900 BCE

    Bundu mask

    Bundu mask
    Sande Society, Mende peoples (West African forests of Sierra Leone and Liberia)
    19th to 20th century C.E.
    Wood, cloth, and fiber
  • 1900 BCE

    Female (Pwo) mask

    Female (Pwo) mask
    Chokwe peoples (Democratic Republic of the Congo)
    Late 19th to 20th century C.E.
    Wood, fiber, pigment, and metal
  • 1900 BCE

    Aka elephant mask

    Aka elephant mask
    Bamileke (Cameroon, western grassfields region)
    c. 19th to 20th century C.E.
    Wood, woven raffia, cloth, and beads
  • 1900 BCE

    Lukasa (memory board)

    Lukasa (memory board)
    Mbudye Society, Luba peoples (Democratic Republic of the Congo)
    c. 19th to 20th century C.E.
    Wood, beads, and metal
  • 1900 BCE

    Ikenga (shrine figure)

    Ikenga (shrine figure)
    Igbo peoples (Nigeria)
    c. 19th to 20th century C.E.
    Wood
  • 1900 BCE

    Reliquary figure (byeri)

    Reliquary figure (byeri)
    Fang peoples (southern Cameroon)
    c. 19th to 20th century C.E.
    Wood
  • 1900 BCE

    Navigation chart

    Navigation chart
    Marshall Islands, Micronesia
    19th to early 20th century C.E.
    Wood and fiber
  • 1900 BCE

    Buk (mask)

    Buk (mask)
    Mid to late 19th Century
    Torres Strait (islander People)
    Maubiag Island
    25 in
    Turtle shell, wood, fiber, feathers, and shell
  • 1890 BCE

    Tamati Waka Nene

    Tamati Waka Nene
    Gottfried Lindauer
    Maori (Nga-ti-toa tribe)
    Auckland National Art Gallery
    1890 C.E.
    Oil on canvas
    40.1’’ x 33.1’’
  • 1850 BCE

    Hiapo (tapa)

    Hiapo (tapa)
    Niue
    c. 1850-1900 C.E.
    Tapa or bark cloth, freehand painting
  • 1830 BCE

    Under the Wave off Kanagawa (Kanagawa oki nami ura), also known as the Great Wave, from the series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji

    Under the Wave off Kanagawa (Kanagawa oki nami ura),  also known as the Great Wave, from the series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji
    Katsushika Hokusai
    1830-1833 C.E.
    Polychrome woodblock print; ink and color on paper
  • 1800 BCE

    ‘Ahu ‘ula (feather cape)

    ‘Ahu ‘ula (feather cape)
    Hawaiian
    Late 18th century C.E.
    Feathers and fiber
  • 1800 BCE

    Female deity

    Female deity
    Nukuoro, Micronesia
    c. 18th to 19th century C.E.
    Wood
  • 1800 BCE

    Staff god

    Staff god
    Rarotonga, Cook Islands, central Polynesia
    Late 18th to early 19th century C.E.
    Wood, tapa, fiber, and feathers
  • 1792 BCE

    The Code of Hammurabi

    The Code of Hammurabi
    Babylon (Modern Iran)
    Susian
    c.1792-1750 B.C.E.
    Basalt
  • 1760 BCE

    Ndop (portrait figure) of King Mishe miShyaang maMbul

    Ndop (portrait figure) of King Mishe miShyaang maMbul
    Kuba peoples (Democratic Republic of the Congo)
    c. 1760-1780 C.E.
    Wood
  • 1710 BCE

    White and Red Plum Blossoms

    White and Red Plum Blossoms
    Ogata Korin
    c. 1710-1716 C.E.
    Ink, watercolor, and gold leaf on paper
  • 1700 BCE

    Sika dwa kofi (Golden Stool)

    Sika dwa kofi (Golden Stool)
    Ashanti peoples (south central Ghana)
    c. 1700 C.E.
    Gold over wood and cast-gold attachments
  • 1632 BCE

    Taj Mahal

    Taj Mahal
    Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India
    Masons, marble workers, mosaicists, and decorators working under the supervision of Ustad Ahmad Lahori, architect of the emperor. 1632-1653 C.E.
    Stone masonry and marble with inlay of precious and semiprecious stones; gardens
  • 1620 BCE

    Jahangir Preferring a Sufi Shaikh to Kings Bichitr

    Jahangir Preferring a Sufi Shaikh to Kings Bichitr
    c. 1620 C.E.
    Watercolor, gold, and ink on paper
  • 1600 BCE

    Wall plaque, from Oba’s palace

    Wall plaque, from Oba’s palace
    Edo peoples, Benin (Nigeria)
    16th century C.E.
    Cast brass
  • 1568 BCE

    Mosque of Selim II

    Mosque of Selim II
    Edirne, Turkey
    Sinan (architect)
    1568-1575 C.E.
    Brick and stone
  • 1550 BCE

    Temple of Amun-Re and Hypostyle Hall

    Temple of Amun-Re and Hypostyle Hall
    New Kingdom, 18th & 19th Dynasties
    Karnak, near Luxor, Egypt
    Temple: c.1550 B.C.E.
    Hall: c.1250 B.C.E.
    Cut sandstone and mud brick
  • 1539 BCE

    The Ardabil Carpet

    The Ardabil Carpet
    Maqsud of Kashan
    1539-1540 C.E.
    Silk and wool
  • 1522 BCE

    The Court of Gayumars, folio from Shah Tahmasp’s Shahnama

    The Court of Gayumars, folio from Shah Tahmasp’s Shahnama
    Sultan Muhammad
    c. 1522-1525 C.E.
    Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper
  • 1500 BCE

    Ambum Stone

    Ambum Stone
    Enga Province, Papua New Guinea
    1500 B.C.E
    Greywacke
  • 1500 BCE

    Forbidden City

    Forbidden City
    Beijing, China. Ming Dynasty.
    15th century C.E. and later
    Stone masonry, marble, brick, wood, and ceramic tile
  • 1480 BCE

    Ryoan-ji

    Ryoan-ji
    Kyoto, Japan
    Muromachi Period, Japan
    c. 1480 C.E.; current design most likely dates to the 18th century
    Rock garden
  • 1473 BCE

    Mortuary temple of Hatshepsut And kneeling sculpture

    Mortuary temple of Hatshepsut And kneeling sculpture
    New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty
    Near Luxor, Egypt
    c.1473-1458 B.C.E.
    Sandstone, partially covered into a rock cliff, and red granite
  • 1417 BCE

    Portrait of Sin Sukju (1417-1475)

    Portrait of Sin Sukju (1417-1475)
    Imperial Bureau of Painting
    c. 15th century C.E.
    Hanging scroll (ink and color on silk)
  • 1354 BCE

    Alhambra

    Alhambra
    Granada, Spain. Nasrid Dynasty
    1354-1391 C.E.
    Whitewashed adobe stucco, wood, tile, paint, and gilding
  • 1353 BCE

    Akhenaton, Nefertiti, and three daughters

    Akhenaton, Nefertiti, and three daughters
    New Kingdom (Amarna), 18th Dynasty
    c.1353-1335 B.C.E.
    Limestone
  • 1351 BCE

    The David Vases

    The David Vases
    Yuan Dynasty, China
    1351 C.E.
    White porcelain with cobalt-blue underglaze
  • 1330 BCE

    Bahram Gur Fights the Karg, folio from the Great Il-Khanid Shahnama

    Bahram Gur Fights the Karg, folio from the Great Il-Khanid Shahnama
    Islamic
    Persian, Il-Khanid
    c. 1330-1340 C.E.
    Ink and opaque watercolor, gold, and silver on paper
  • 1323 BCE

    Tutankhamun’s tomb, innermost coffin

    Tutankhamun’s tomb, innermost coffin
    New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty
    c.1323 B.C.E.
    Gold with inlay of enamel and semiprecious stones
  • 1320 BCE

    Basin (Baptistère de St. Louis)

    Basin (Baptistère de St. Louis)
    Muhammad ibn al-Zain
    c. 1320-1340 C.E.
    Brass inlaid with gold and silver
  • 1275 BCE

    Last judgment of Hu-Nefer, from his tomb

    Last judgment of Hu-Nefer, from his tomb
    New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty
    c.1275 B.C.E.
    Painted papyrus scroll
  • 1250 BCE

    Night Attack on the Sanjô Palace

    Night Attack on the Sanjô Palace
    Kamakura Period, Japan
    c. 1250-1300 C.E.
    Handscroll (ink and color on paper)
  • 1200 BCE

    Tlatilco female figurine

    Tlatilco female figurine
    Central Mexico
    1200 - 900 B.C.E
    Ceramic
  • 1200 BCE

    Great Mosque of Djenné

    Great Mosque of Djenné
    Mali
    Founded c. 1200 C.E.; rebuilt 1906-1907
    Adobe
  • 1200 BCE

    Nio guardian statues

    Nio guardian statues
    from Todai-ji
    Various artists including sculptors Unkei and Keikei, as well as the Kei School
    c. 1200 C.E.
    Wood
  • 1100 BCE

    Moai on platform (ahu)

    Moai on platform (ahu)
    Rapa Nui (Easter Island)
    c. 1100-1600 C.E.
    Volcanic tuff figures on basalt base
  • 1066 BCE

    Power figure (Nkisi n’kondi)

    Power figure (Nkisi n’kondi)
    Kongo peoples (Democratic Republic of the Congo)
    c. late 19th century C.E.
    1066 - 1067 CE
    Wood and metal
  • 1000 BCE

    Terra cotta fragment

    Terra cotta fragment
    Solomon Islands, Reef Islands
    1000 B.C.E
    Terra cotta
  • 1000 BCE

    Augustus of Prima Porta

    Augustus of Prima Porta
    Imperial Roman
    Early 1st Century C.E.
    Marble
  • 1000 BCE

    Conical tower and circular wall of Great Zimbabwe

    Conical tower and circular wall of Great Zimbabwe
    Southeastern Zimbabwe
    Shona peoples
    c. 1000-1400 C.E.
    Coursed granite blocks
  • 1000 BCE

    Travelers among Mountains and Streams

    Travelers among Mountains and Streams
    Fan Kuan
    c. 1000 C.E.
    Ink and colors on silk
  • 968 BCE

    Pyxis of al-Mughira

    Pyxis of al-Mughira
    Umayyad
    c. 968 C.E.
    Ivory
  • 930 BCE

    Lakshmana Temple

    Lakshmana Temple
    Khajuraho, India. Hindu, Chandella Dynasty
    c. 930-950 C.E. Sandstone
  • 800 BCE

    Angkor, the temple of Angkor Wat, and the city of Angkor Thom, Cambodia

    Angkor, the temple of Angkor Wat, and the city of Angkor Thom, Cambodia
    Hindu, Angkor Dynasty
    c. 800-1400 C.E. Stone masonry, sandstone
  • 800 BCE

    Churning of the Ocean of Milk

    Churning of the Ocean of Milk
    Angkor Wat
    Hindu, Angkor Dynasty
    c. 800-1400 C.E.
    Sandstone
  • 800 BCE

    Jayavarman VII as Buddha

    Jayavarman VII as Buddha
    Angkor Thom
    Hindu, Angkor Dynasty
    c. 800-1400 C.E. Stone masonry, sandstone
  • 800 BCE

    Folio from a Qur’an

    Folio from a Qur’an
    Arab, North Africa or Near East
    Abbasid. c. eighth to ninth century C.E.
    Ink, color, and gold on parchment
  • 785 BCE

    Great Mosque

    Great Mosque
    Córdoba, Spain. Umayyad
    c. 785-786 C.E.
    Stone masonry
  • 785 BCE

    Great Mosque

    Great Mosque
    Córdoba, Spain. Umayyad
    c. 785-786 C.E.
    Stone masonry
  • 750 BCE

    Borobudur Temple

    Borobudur Temple
    Central Java, Indonesia
    Sailendra Dynasty
    c. 750-842 C.E.
    Volcanic-stone masonry
  • 743 BCE

    Todai-ji

    Todai-ji
    Nara, Japan
    743 C.E.; rebuilt c. 1700
    Wood with ceramic-tile roofing
  • 720 BCE

    Lamassu from the citadel of Sargon II

    Lamassu from the citadel of Sargon II
    Dur Sharrukin (modern Khorsabad, Iraq)
    Neo-Assyrian c.720-705 B.C.E.
    Alabaster
  • 700 BCE

    Great Mosque (Masjid-e Jameh)

    Great Mosque (Masjid-e Jameh)
    Isfahan, Iran. Islamic, Persian: Seljuk, Il-Khanid, Timurid and Safavid Dynasties
    c. 700 C.E.; additions and restorations in the 14th, 18th & 20th centuries C.E.
    Stone, brick, wood, plaster, and glazed ceramic tile
  • 700 BCE

    Nan Madol

    Nan Madol
    Pohnpei, Micronesia
    Saudeleur Dynasty
    c. 700-1600 C.E.
    Basalt boulders and prismatic columns
  • 691 BCE

    Dome of the Rock

    Dome of the Rock
    Jerusalem. Islamic. Umayyad.
    691-692 C.E., with multiple renovations
    Stone masonry and wooden roof decorated with glazed ceramic tile, mosaics, and gilt aluminum and bronze dome.
  • 641 BCE

    Jowo Rinpoche, enshrined in the Jokhang Temple

    Jowo Rinpoche, enshrined in the Jokhang Temple
    Lhasa, Tibet. Yarlung Dynasty.
    Believed to have been brought to Tibet in 641 C.E.
    Gilt metals with semiprecious stones, pearls, and paint; various offerings
  • 631 BCE

    The Kaaba

    The Kaaba
    Mecca, Saudi Arabia. Islamic. Pre-Islamic monument
    Rededicated by Muhammad in 631-632 C.E. Multiple renovations
    Granite masonry, covered with silk curtain and calligraphy in gold and silver-wrapped thread
  • 600 BCE

    Athenian Agora

    Athenian Agora
    Archaic through Hellenistic Greek
    600 B.C.E. - 150 C.E.
    Plan
  • 530 BCE

    Peplos Kore from the Acropolis

    Peplos Kore from the Acropolis
    Archaic Greek
    c.530 B.C.E.
    Marble, painted details
  • 530 BCE

    Anavysos Kouros

    Anavysos Kouros
    Archaic Greek
    c.530 B.C.E.
    Marble with remnants of paint
  • 520 BCE

    Audience Hall (apadana) of Darius and Xerxes

    Audience Hall (apadana) of Darius and Xerxes
    Persepolis, Iran
    Persian
    c.520-465 B.C.E.
    Limestone
  • 520 BCE

    Sarcophagus of the Spouses

    Sarcophagus of the Spouses
    Etruscan. c.520 B.C.E.
    Terracotta
  • 510 BCE

    Temple of Minerva (Veii, near Rome, Italy)

    Temple of Minerva (Veii, near Rome, Italy)
    Etruscan. c.510-500 B.C.E.
    Original temple of wood, mud brick, or tufa (volcanic rock)
  • 510 BCE

    Sculpture of Apollo, Veii

    Sculpture of Apollo, Veii
    Master sculptor Vulca
    Etruscan. c.510-500 B.C.E.
    Terracotta
  • 500 BCE

    Gold and jade crown

    Gold and jade crown
    Three Kingdoms Period
    Silla Kingdom, Korea
    Fifth to sixth century C.E.
    Metalwork
  • 493 BCE

    Longmen caves

    Longmen caves
    Luoyang, China. Tang Dynasty.
    493-1127 C.E.
    Limestone
  • 480 BCE

    Tomb of the Triclinium

    Tomb of the Triclinium
    Tarquinia, Italy. Etruscan.
    c.480-470 B.C.E. Tufa and fresco
  • 460 BCE

    Niobides Krater

    Niobides Krater
    Anonymous vase painter of Classical Greece known as the Niobid Painter.
    c.460-450 B.C.E.
    Clay, red figure technique
  • 450 BCE

    Doryphoros (Spear bearer)

    Doryphoros (Spear bearer)
    Polykleitos
    Original 450-440 B.C.E.
    Roman copy (marble) of the Greek original (bronze)
  • 447 BCE

    Acropolis

    Acropolis
    Iktinos and Kallikrates
    c.447-410 B.C.E.
    Marble
  • 447 BCE

    Parthenon

    Parthenon
    Iktinos and Kallikrates
    c.447-410 B.C.E.
    Marble
  • 427 BCE

    Victory (Nike) adjusting her sandal

    Victory (Nike) adjusting her sandal
    Temple of Athena Nike (Acropolis)
    c.427-424 B.C.E.
    Marble
  • 427 BCE

    Temple of Athena Nike

    Temple of Athena Nike
    Kallikrates
    c.427-424 B.C.E.
    Marble
  • 410 BCE

    Grave Stele of Hegeso

    Grave Stele of Hegeso
    Attributed to Kallimachos
    c.410 B.C.E.
    Marble and paint
  • 400 BCE

    Petra, Jordan: Treasury and Great Temple

    Petra, Jordan: Treasury and Great Temple
    Nabataean Ptolemaic and Roman
    c. 400 B.C.E - 100 C.E.
    Cut rock
  • 400 BCE

    Buddha

    Buddha
    Bamiyan, Afghanistan
    Gandharan
    c. 400-800 C.E.
    (destroyed in 2001)
    Cut rock with plaster and polychrome paint
  • 300 BCE

    Great Stupa at Sanchi

    Great Stupa at Sanchi
    Madhya Pradesh, India
    Buddhist; Maurya, late Sunga Dynasty
    c. 300 B.C.E.-100 C.E. Stone masonry, sandstone on dome
  • 250 BCE

    Ludovisi Battle Sarcophagus

    Ludovisi Battle Sarcophagus
    Late Imperial Roman. c.250 C.E.
    Marble.
  • 221 BCE

    Terra cotta warriors from mausoleum of the first Qin emperor of China

    Terra cotta warriors from mausoleum of the first Qin emperor of China
    Qin Dynasty.
    c. 221-209 B.C.E.
    Painted terra cotta
  • 190 BCE

    Winged Victory of Samothrace

    Winged Victory of Samothrace
    Hellenistic Greek
    c.190 B.C.E.
    Marble
  • 180 BCE

    Funeral banner of Lady Dai (Xin Zhui)

    Funeral banner of Lady Dai (Xin Zhui)
    Han Dynasty, China
    c. 180 B.C.E.
    Painted silk
  • 175 BCE

    Great Altar of Zeus and Athena at Pergamon

    Great Altar of Zeus and Athena at Pergamon
    Asia Minor (present-day Turkey). Hellenistic Greek.
    c.175 B.C.E.
    Marble
  • 175 BCE

    Frieze of Athena from the Great Altar of Zeus and Athena at Pergamon

    Frieze of Athena from the Great Altar of Zeus and Athena at Pergamon
    Asia Minor (present-day Turkey). Hellenistic Greek.
    c.175 B.C.E.
    Marble
  • 118 BCE

    Pantheon

    Pantheon
    Imperial Roman. 118-125 C.E.
    Concrete with stone facing.
  • 113 BCE

    Column of Trajan

    Column of Trajan
    Completed 113 C.E.
    Marble
  • 106 BCE

    Forum of Trajan

    Forum of Trajan
    Rome, Italy. Apollodorus of Damascus. Forum and markets.
    c.106-112 C.E.
    Brick and concrete.
  • 100 BCE

    Alexander mosaic from the House of Faun, Pompeii

    Alexander mosaic from the House of Faun, Pompeii
    Republican Roman c.100 B.C.E.
    Mosaic
  • 100 BCE

    Seated Boxer

    Seated Boxer
    Hellenistic Greek
    C.100 B.C.E.
    Bronze
  • 75 BCE

    Head of a Roman patrician

    Head of a Roman patrician
    Republican Roman
    c.75-50 B.C.E.
    Marble
  • 70 BCE

    Colosseum (Flavian Amphitheater)

    Colosseum (Flavian Amphitheater)
    Rome, Italy. Imperial Roman.
    70-80 C.E.Stone and concrete.