Ndop (portrait figure) of King Mishe miShyaang maMbul
Kuba peoples (Democratic Republic of the Congo)
c. 1760-1780 C.E.
White and Red Plum Blossoms
c. 1710-1716 C.E.
Ink, watercolor, and gold leaf on paper
Sika dwa kofi (Golden Stool)
Ashanti peoples (south central Ghana)
c. 1700 C.E.
Gold over wood and cast-gold attachments
Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India
Masons, marble workers, mosaicists, and decorators working under the supervision of Ustad Ahmad Lahori, architect of the emperor. 1632-1653 C.E.
Stone masonry and marble with inlay of precious and semiprecious stones; gardens
Jahangir Preferring a Sufi Shaikh to Kings Bichitr
c. 1620 C.E.
Watercolor, gold, and ink on paper
Wall plaque, from Oba’s palace
Edo peoples, Benin (Nigeria)
16th century C.E.
Mosque of Selim II
Brick and stone
Temple of Amun-Re and Hypostyle Hall
New Kingdom, 18th & 19th Dynasties
Karnak, near Luxor, Egypt
Temple: c.1550 B.C.E.
Hall: c.1250 B.C.E.
Cut sandstone and mud brick
The Ardabil Carpet
Maqsud of Kashan
Silk and wool
The Court of Gayumars, folio from Shah Tahmasp’s Shahnama
c. 1522-1525 C.E.
Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper
Enga Province, Papua New Guinea
Beijing, China. Ming Dynasty.
15th century C.E. and later
Stone masonry, marble, brick, wood, and ceramic tile
Muromachi Period, Japan
c. 1480 C.E.; current design most likely dates to the 18th century
Mortuary temple of Hatshepsut And kneeling sculpture
New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty
Near Luxor, Egypt
Sandstone, partially covered into a rock cliff, and red granite
Portrait of Sin Sukju (1417-1475)
Imperial Bureau of Painting
c. 15th century C.E.
Hanging scroll (ink and color on silk)
Isfahan, Iran. Islamic, Persian: Seljuk, Il-Khanid, Timurid and Safavid Dynasties
c. 700 C.E.; additions and restorations in the 14th, 18th & 20th centuries C.E.
Stone, brick, wood, plaster, and glazed ceramic tile
c. 700-1600 C.E.
Basalt boulders and prismatic columns
Dome of the Rock
Jerusalem. Islamic. Umayyad.
691-692 C.E., with multiple renovations
Stone masonry and wooden roof decorated with glazed ceramic tile, mosaics, and gilt aluminum and bronze dome.
Jowo Rinpoche, enshrined in the Jokhang Temple
Lhasa, Tibet. Yarlung Dynasty.
Believed to have been brought to Tibet in 641 C.E.
Gilt metals with semiprecious stones, pearls, and paint; various offerings
Mecca, Saudi Arabia. Islamic. Pre-Islamic monument
Rededicated by Muhammad in 631-632 C.E. Multiple renovations
Granite masonry, covered with silk curtain and calligraphy in gold and silver-wrapped thread
Archaic through Hellenistic Greek
600 B.C.E. - 150 C.E.