Antarctic events By yesko22 400 400 B.C. Greeks came up with the name Antarctica The Ancient Greeks suggest that a southern continent exists. 450 Antarctica named Antarctica is named by the Greeks Jan 1, 1773 Captain Cook found Antarctica In January Captain James Cook crossed the Antarctic circle Jan 27, 1820 First people to see Antarctica Russia’s Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen, England’s Edward Branfield and the U.S.’s Nathaniel Palmer all claim the title first people to see Antarctica. Feb 13, 1823 James Weddell discovers the Weddell Sea British Whaler James Weddell discovers the sea named after him, the Weddell Sea Feb 2, 1840 Antarctica proved a continent American Charles Wilkes proves Antarctica is a continent rather than a group of islands by sailing along more than 1,500 miles of coast. Mar 6, 1898 Adrien De Gerlache trapped in ice Adrien de Gerlache's crew became trapped in a pack of ice Feb 1, 1901 Captain Scott leads his first Antarctic expedition The UK's Captain Scott leads his first Antarctic expedition to try to reach the South Pole with Ernest Shackleton and Edward Wilson Jan 14, 1908 Ernest Shackleton leads the expedition Ernest Shackleton leads the expedition to within 156 km/ 97 miles to the South Pole Jan 20, 1909 Douglas Mawson reaches the South Pole Australian Douglas Mawson reaches the South Magnetic Pole Dec 14, 1911 Roald Amundsen leads a 5 man expeditions Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen discovers the South Pole. Jan 18, 1912 Captain Robert Falcon Scott reached the South Pole Captain Robert Falcon Scott reached the South Pole and realised he had been beaten by Amundsen Oct 15, 1915 Ernest Shackleton returns to Antarctica His goal was to cross Antarctica but sadly, their trip got crushed in sea ice and rescued in 1917 Jan 13, 1923 Sir Hubert Wilkins and Carl Benjamin Eilson fly over Antarctica Australian Sir Hubert Wilkins and American Carl Benjamin Eilson are first to fly over Antarctica and arount the Peninsula Region Feb 15, 1935 Caroline Mikkelsen is the first women to set foot in Antarctica Norwegian Caroline Mikkelsen is the first women to set foot in Antarctica when she accompanies her husband, a whaling captain. Jan 16, 1947 US sends the largest expedition The US sends the largest ever expedition of 4700 men, 13 ships and 23 planes. most of the coast was photographed for map making Jun 20, 1956 US aircraft lands in the South Pole First people there since Sott in 1912 Jul 1, 1957 International Geophysical Year (IGY) 12 nations establish over 60 stations Apr 20, 1959 Antarctic Treaty signed 12 countries sign the Antarctic Treaty in Washington D.C. It states that the land is only to be used for peaceful purposes Jan 20, 1997 Boerge Ousland is the first person to cross Antarctica unsupported It took him 64 days from Berkner Island to Scott base towing 180 kg sled and using skis and a sail Apr 20, 2002 A chunk of ice seperated A chunk of ice about the size of Rhode Island separates from the Larsen B Ice Shelf. Jan 1, 2007 The International Polar Year It goes over two years so the researches have research in the polar region. Jun 20, 2008 A 160-square-mile block of ice breaks off A 160-square-mile block of ice breaks off from the Wilkins Ice Shelf, in western Antarctica.