American Revolution

By JoshA
  • French and Indian War pt1

    French and Indian War pt1
  • Sugar Act and colonist respense

    Great Britain had borrowed so much money during the war
    that it nearly doubled its national debt. King George III, who had succeeded his grandfather in 1760, hoped to lower that debt. To do so, in 1763 the king chose a financial expert, George Grenville, to serve as prime minister.
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    Great Britain claimed Canada and virtually all of North America east of the Mississippi River.Britain also took Florida from Spain, which had allied itself with France. The treaty permitted Spain to keep possession of its lands west of the Mississippi
    and the city of New Orleans, which it had gained from France in 1762. France retained control of only a few islands and small colonies near Newfoundland, in the West Indies, and elsewhere.
  • Proclamation of 1763

    Proclamation of 1763
    Because the Proclamation of 1763 sought to halt expansion by the colonists west of the Appalachian Mountains, it convinced the colonists that the British government did not care about their needs. A second result of the French and Indian War—Britain’s financial crisis—brought about new laws that reinforced the colonists’ opinion.
  • Stamp act

    In March 1765 Parliament passed the Stamp Act. This act
    imposed a tax on documents and printed items such as wills, newspapers, and playing cards. A stamp would be placed on the items to prove that the tax had been paid. It was the first tax that affected colonists directly because it was levied on goods and services.
  • Declaratory Act

    But on the same day that it repealed the Stamp Act, Parliament passed the
    Declaratory Act, which asserted Parliament’s full right “to bind the colonies and
    people of America in all cases whatsoever.”
  • Sons of Liberty

    Led by men such as Samuel Adams, one of
    the founders of the Sons of Liberty, the colonists again boycotted British goods.
  • Townshend Acts

    Then, in 1767, Parliament passed the
    Townshend Acts, named after Charles Townshend, the leading government minister. The Townshend Acts taxed goods that were imported into the colony from
    Britain, such as lead, glass, paint, and paper. The Acts also imposed a tax on tea, the
    most popular drink in the colonies.
  • Common Sense

    Just as important were the ideas of
    Thomas Paine. In a widely read 50-page pamphlet titled Common Sense,
    Paine attacked King George and the monarchy.
  • Boston Massacre

    On March 5, 1770, a mob gathered in front
    of the Boston Customs House and taunted the British soldiers standing guard
    there. Shots were fired and five colonists, including Crispus Attucks, were killed
    or mortally wounded.
  • John Locke’s Social Contract

    . Locke maintained that people have natural
    rights to life, liberty, and property. Furthermore, he contended, every society is
    based on a social contract—an agreement in which the people consent to choose
    and obey a government so long as it safeguards their natural rights.
  • Boston Tea party

    December 16, 1773, a large group of Boston rebels
    disguised themselves as Native Americans and proceeded to take action against
    three British tea ships anchored in the harbor
  • Tea Act

    In 1773, Lord North devised the Tea Act in
    order to save the nearly bankrupt British East India Company. The act
    granted the company the right to sell tea to the colonies free of the taxes that
    colonial tea sellers had to pay
  • Intolerable Acts

    In 1774, Parliament responded by passing a series of measures that colonists
    called the Intolerable Acts. One law shut down Boston harbor. Another, the
    Quartering Act, authorized British commanders to house soldiers in vacant private homes and other buildings.
  • First Continental Congress meets

    In response to Britain’s actions, the committees of correspondence assembled
    the First Continental Congress. In September 1774, 56 delegates met in
    Philadelphia and drew up a declaration of colonial rights.
  • Battle of Lexington

    70 minutemen against red coats. 8 colonials were killed. First battle of the revolution.
  • Continental Army

    Despite such differences, the
    Congress agreed to recognize the colonial militia as the Continental Army and
    appointed George Washington as its commander.
  • Battle of Bunker Hill

    On June 17, 1775, Gage sent 2,400 British soldiers up the hill. The
    colonists held their fire until the last minute and then began to mow down the
    advancing redcoats before finally retreating.
  • Minutemen

    Minutemen—civilian soldiers who
    pledged to be ready to fight against the British on a minute’s notice—quietly
    stockpiled firearms and gunpowder.
  • Midnight riders: Revere, Dawes, Prescott

    April 18, 1775, Paul Revere, William Dawes, and Samuel
    Prescott rode out to spread word that 700 British troops were headed for Concord.
  • Battle of Concord

    After a brief skirmish with minutemen, the British soldiers lined up to march back
    to Boston, but the march quickly became a slaughter. Between 3,000 and 4,000
    minutemen had assembled by now, and they fired on the marching troops from
    behind stone walls and trees.
  • Second Continental Congress

    In May of 1775, colonial leaders
    called the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia to debate their next
  • Olive Branch

    On July 8, Congress sent the king the so-called Olive Branch Petition, urging a
    return to “the former harmony” between Britain and the colonies.
  • Declaration of Independence

    By the early summer of 1776, the wavering
    Continental Congress finally decided to urge each colony to form its own government.
  • Loyalists and Patriots

    loyal to britain and patriots wanted the revolution
  • Redcoats push Washington’s army across the Delaware River into Pennsylvania

    Although the Continental Army attempted to defend New York in late
    August, the untrained and poorly equipped colonial troops soon retreated.
    By late fall, the British had pushed Washington’s army across the Delaware
    River into Pennsylvania.
  • Washington’s Christmas night surprise attack

    Desperate for an early victory, Washington risked everything on one bold
    stroke set for Christmas night, 1776. In the face of a fierce storm, he led 2,400
    men in small rowboats across the ice-choked Delaware River. They then
    marched to their objective—Trenton, New Jersey—and defeated a garrison of
    Hessians in a surprise attack.
  • Saratoga

    American troops finally surrounded Burgoyne at Saratoga, where he surrendered on October 17, 1777. The turning point of the war.
  • French-American Alliance

    France was willing to send an army and navy to help win the war.
  • Valley Forge

    While this hopeful turn of events took place in Paris,
    Washington and his Continental Army—desperately low on
    food and supplies—fought to stay alive at winter camp in
    Valley Forge, Pennsylvania. More than 2,000 soldiers died
  • British victories in the South

    At the end of 1778, a British
    expedition easily took Savannah, Georgia. In their greatest victory of the war, the
    British under Generals Henry Clinton and Charles Cornwallis captured
    Charles Town, South Carolina, in May 1780.
  • Friedrich von Steuben and Marquis de Lafayette

    Lafayette lobbied France for French reinforcements in 1779,
    and led a command in Virginia in the last years of the war.
  • British surrender at Yorktown

    Meanwhile, a French naval force defeated a British fleet and then
    blocked the entrance to the Chesapeake Bay, thereby obstructing British sea
    routes to the bay. By late September, about 17,000 French and American troops
    surrounded the British on the Yorktown peninsula
  • Treaty of Paris 2

    In September
    1783, the delegates signed the Treaty of Paris, which confirmed U.S. independence and set the boundaries of the new nation.