To get colonies to have inter-colonial unity.
To defeat stronger foe France.
Ben Franklin was the leader.
Treaty of Paris, 1763
The treaty that ended The French and Indian War.
French were kicked out of North America. British controlled everything from the Atlantic all the way to the Mississippi River.
The Proclamation of 1763
Great Britain passed a Law that Colonist could not settle past the Appalachian Mountains.
Colonist were upset because they wanted more land and felt that this was there birth right.
Colonists started to defy Great Britain .
Goods must be carried on colonial or English ships. 3/4 of the crew had to be born English Certain products had to be only exported to England. Products had to go through English Custom duties.
Colonists were upset that they couldn't trade with anyone else and had to pay all these taxes on products.
The Sugar Act
Put a tax on sugar and molasses from the West Indies.
Sugar Act was passed to help pay back The French and Indian War.
Was a tax on all paper products.
ex: Playing Cards, Marriage licensees, and death certificates.
Colonist were required to provide shelter, food, transportation, and any basic necessities for soldiers.
Stamp Act Congress
Stated the and grievances of the colonists.
Significant step toward inter colonial union.
Parliament passed a law that bound colonists to anything they said.
Fueled congresses anger even more.
Stamp Act Repeal
in 1766 Parliament repealed the stamp act which was emplaced on the American colonies.
Put a light import duty on glass, white lead, paper, paint, and TEA
Angered colonies further.
No taxation without representation.
A clash between group of soldier and Colonial Citizens.
Committee of Correspondence
Samuel Adams organized the local committees of correspondence in Massachusetts, after previously forming one in Boston.
This led to some eighty towns in the colony to set up similar systems.
Their purpose was to spread the spirit of resistance by exchanging letters and pamphlets.
Boston Tea Party
100 Boston people dumped 342 chests into the Boston harbor.
Angered Britain further forced Britain to pass the Intolerable Acts
Caused anger to grow worse between colonies and Britain.
Closed the Boston port until all the tea was paid for.
Placed Restrictions on town meetings.
Britain soldiers who killed a colonists could now be tried in Britain,
Colonists felt that the Acts were the massacre of American Liberty.
First Continental Congress
It met in Philadelphia to redress grievances.
12-13 Colonies meet (Georgia)
The Association: Came out of it called for a complete boycott of British Goods
(Wasn't meant for independence from Britain)
Lexington and Concord
British were sent to collect Sam Adams and John Hancock.
While also to collect military supplies colonists were gathering.
Caused "the shot around the world" to be heard and everyone knew that there was going to be war and there was no turning back.
Second Contintental Congress
Selected its military leader for the continental congress. (George Washington)
Representative delegates from all 13 colonies.
Drafted the Declaration of Independence.
Fought on the outskirts of Boston, on Breed's Hill.
Although the colonial militia retreated, it was a heavy cost for the British.
Olive Branch Petition
It professed colonial loyalty to the crown.
Crown Refused it because of the battle of Bunker Hill and declared colonists to be traders.
Thomas Paine's pamphlet urging the colonist to declare their independence and establish a republican government. The pamphlet helped convince colonists to support the Revolution.
Declaration of Independaence
Colonists declared that they were no longer apart of Britain. 1st formal decree.
Stated everything Britain did wrong.
The Battle of Trenton
George Washington and his men crossed the Delaware River and surprised/captured 1000 Hessians.
Helped colonists gain back their momentum.
The Battle of Saratoga
Battle that caused other European countries to take notice and realize that the colonists could actually win this war.
Valley Forge (1777-1778)
At Valley Forge, Pennsylvania: For three successive days, American soldiers went without bread in the dead of winter, men fainted for lack of food.
Manufactured goods were in short supply, along with clothing and shoes.
The Battle of Yorktown
Decisive battle in who won the war. Last main war
Treaty of Paris, 1783
Stated the end of the war.
Gave colonists independence from Britain.
Gave colonists land all the way to the Mississippi river.
Colonists had to stop persecuting loyalists.