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American Revolution

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    American Revolution Timeline

  • Navigation Acts

    Navigation Acts
    Developed and promoted ships, trade, and commerce between other countries
    1651: primarily towards the Dutch; said that all trade between England and other nations should be carried in vessels
    Caused the Angelo-Dutch war
    1660: continued policies set years prior
    Sugar, tobacco, cotton, wool, and other products had to be shipped to England or an English Province
  • Ending of the French and Indian War

    Ending of the French and Indian War
    February 10, 1763
    First year of the war, British suffered multiple defeats
    Seven Years War ended, Treaty of Paris and Treaty of Hubertusburg- 1763
    Treaty of Paris ensured the strength of the 13 colonies from the removal of their European rivals (signed by France, GB and Spain)
  • Stamp Act

    Stamp Act
    1765
    Was passed because after the Seven Years War, Britain needed to find a way to pay their debts back
    Taxed all commercial and legal documents
    Was eventually repealed
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    March 5, 1770
    Private Hugh White was guarding the King’s money stored in the Custom House
    Angry colonists threatened violence; White fought back and struck a colonist with a bayonet
    Colonists began throwing snowballs, ice, and stones; White called for reinforcements
    Somebody supposedly yelled “fire” and a soldier fired his gun, causing open fire towards the colonists (5 dead colonists)
    Feuled “Anti-British” views; showed them as instigators
  • Tea Act

    Tea Act
    1773
    British East India Company
    Monopoly on British tea imports
    Many members of Parliament held shares
    Permitted the company to sell tea directly to the colonies without middlemen
    Lord North expected the colonies to eagerly choose the cheaper tea, they were enraged instead
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    December 16, 1773
    Colonists were furious for being taxed without having any representation in Parliament; British government disagreed and thought it was fair
    Large group of men disguised themselves as Native Americans and threw 342 chests of tea into the harbor
  • Coercive/ Intolerable Acts

    Coercive/ Intolerable Acts
    March 28, 1774
    In response to the Boston Tea Party
    Series of four acts created by British government
    Made to restore order in massachusetts, and punish the Bostonians for the Tea Party
  • First Continental Congress

    First Continental Congress
    After the Stamp Act of 1765
    September 5, 1774
    Met after the Coercive Acts
    Wanted to promote free debate
    Passed: Articles of Association, issued Declaration of Rights, then disbanded on October 26, 1774
  • Lexington and Concord

    Lexington and Concord
    April 19, 1775
    Began the American Revolutionary War
    British troops arrived in Lexington, militiamen were ordered to begin fire
    British then moved to Concord to search for arms, burned what they found, fire got out of control
    Minutemen had a chance to cut off the redcoats, but their commander ordered them to not attack
    “Shot heard ‘round the world”
    3,500 minutemen fired for 18 miles, killed 250 redcoats
    Proved the colonists could stand up to an army like Britains
  • Second Continental Congress

    Second Continental Congress
    May 10, 1775
    Disbanded March 1, 1781
    Met in Philadelphia
    Began the process of creating the Declaration of Independence
  • Adoption of the Declaration of Independence

    Adoption of the Declaration of Independence
    July 4, 1776
    Stated the reasons why the American colonists seeked for independence; declared themselves an independent nation
    Members of the continental congress saw that independence from Britain was the only option that they had
    Committee had the final draft on June 28, 1776; adopted the final text on July 4.
    Helped to start the alliance with France
  • Battle of Saratoga

    Battle of Saratoga
    September and October 1777
    During the second year of the American Revolution
    First battle: Battle of Freeman’s Farm
    Second battle: Battle of Bemis Heights
    American troops grew and forced the British to withdraw
    Was a turning point in the American Revolution; gave the Patriots a major morale boost and persuaded the French, Dutch, and Spanish to join them
  • Winter at Valley Forge

    Winter at Valley Forge
    George Washington’s army “encampment”
    Winter of 1777-1778
    Conditions were awful- cold and harsh winters, hungry and very tired
    Area was close enough to keep sight of the British, far enough to prevent any attack from occurring
    “Suffering as usual”
  • Battle of Yorktown

    Battle of Yorktown
    Time of surrender: October 19, 1781
    Last major battle; Yorktown, VA
    Beginning of the nation’s independence
    Washington and Rochambeau arrived in Yorktown in September 1781
    Americans and French trapped Cornwallis, and forced him to surrender
  • U.S. Constitution Written

    U.S. Constitution Written
    From May to September, 1787
    Written in the Assembly Room of the Pennsylvania State House, or the Independence Hall
    One of the most important political documents created
    Created to create a free and stable nation that protected the rights of the people