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American History

  • Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction

    Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction
    This was Lincoln’s plan to reconstruct the south by saying that if ten percent of the states population’s votes swore allegiance to the future alliance of the United States as well as approving Emancipation, then Reconstruction would begin in that state. (historyengine.edu). This plan was however never carried out due to Lincoln’s assassination.
  • Freedman’s Bureau Established

    Freedman’s Bureau Established
    The freedman’s bureau was an organization that provided food, clothing, jobs, education, medical care, and housing for the recently freed African Americans and poor white families after the Civil war. The bureau was founded by Abraham Lincoln before he died.
  • 13th Amendment Ratified

    13th Amendment Ratified
    The 13th amendment abolished slavery unless it was used as a punishment. The only time someone would be a slave as a punishment would be community service. The last state to ratify the 13th amendment was Mississippi on March 16, 1995.
  • Starting of the KKK

    Starting of the KKK
    The KKK or the ku klux klan started as a social group for bored young men, but then turned into a supremacy hate group that targeted African Americans. They then stated lynching or hanging anyone who was an African American, helped an African american, or stood in their way and this included some white Americans. Since then the KKK has come up a couple of times it even appeared in Dayton Ohio May 25, 2019.
  • Senate Overriding Johnson’s Vetos

    Senate Overriding Johnson’s Vetos
    Johnson had vetoed both the civil rights act and freedman’s bureau bill. This had angered the senate, which then first the first time in American history overrode president johnson. This then lead Johnson to break the Tenure Office Act.
  • Stewards folly

    Stewards folly
    Stewards folly was when William Seward bought Alaska from Russia for 7.2 million dollars. Everyone because of this and because, Alaska was a cold non resourceful land, made fun of him. But yeas later people found gold, oil, copper and fish and were happy that the land was bought but sadly Seward died before he could see this happen.
  • Johnson gets Impeached

    Johnson gets Impeached
    President Johnson had vetoed both the Civil Rights Act and the Radical Reconstruction Act which angered the senate. The senate the overruled Johnson ( the first time in history) and passed those laws and another one called the Tenure of Office Act. This Act was set up as a trap for Johnson that the broke which caused him to be impeached.
  • 14th Amendment Ratified

    14th Amendment Ratified
    The 14th amendment stated that if you were born or naturalized into the United States you were considered a citizen and no enforced or no enforced law could take this right away. People such as women and African Americans also used this amendment to further their cause of being able to vote.
  • Grant gets Elected to be President

    Grant gets Elected to be President
    Ulysses S. Grant was put in the candidacy mostly because of his victory over Robert E. Lee at the Appomattox Court House in Virginia. And because of this victory he is elected as president with the winning percent being 73-27%. But even though he was a great general he was not the best at being president but was elected again for a second term.
  • Rockefeller incorporates standard oil

    Rockefeller incorporates standard oil
    Rockefeller earn his fame and wealth because of his oil industry. He used both horizontal and vertical integration to expand his wealth even though some people think he used unethical practices to get rid of competitors. But he was still a major figure in the Gilded age.
  • 15th Amendment Ratified

    15th Amendment Ratified
    The 15 Amendment in short terms allowed all men to vote. In long term no state, city, or town could prevent and man from voting. But this amendment excluded women who would final get to vote in 1919.
  • Congress passes Civil Rights Act of 1875

    Congress passes Civil Rights Act of 1875
    The civil rights act tried to prevent discrimination against African Americans. This law was supposed to protect races in public places from getting hurt or killed by other people. This law is also called the enforcement act or the force act, but the irony is that this law was not enforced so they African Americans were treated that exact same way.
  • Alexander Graham Bell invents the telephone

    Alexander Graham Bell invents the telephone
    Alexander Graham Bell invented a device that allows humans to transmit their voice to another location though the telephone. This allowed messages to travel faster than written letters or using Morse code. The telephone is still being updated even in 2019.
  • Rutherford B Hayes elected president

    Rutherford B Hayes elected president
    Republican Rutherford b Hayes and his rival Samuel j. Tilden were neck and neck in the polls with 50/50 on both sides. The way they used to deal with this issue was with a compromise or the compromise or 1877. During his candidacy Hayes saw the end of reconstruction of the south, but tried to join the south and north together to make one united county.
  • The Exodusters Leave for the West

    The Exodusters Leave for the West
    The exodusters were a group of blacks who moved or migrated to the west. This group contained about 500,000 and was lead by a man named Benjamin Singleton also known as “Pap”. They were known as the exodusters because of the book of Exodus and how they traced across the desert.
  • Opening of the Statue of Liberty

    Opening of the Statue of Liberty
    The Statue of Liberty was given to us from France to commemorate the 100 year anniversary of the declaration of independence . The designer was a guy by the name of Fredric Bartholdi. The Statue of Liberty used to be copper color but has now turned green due to oxidation.
  • The Dawes Act

    The Dawes Act
    The Dawes Act was an Act passed by Congress to make Native Americans or forced Native Americans to live the lifestyle of an American. This Act also broke up Indian Reservations which ended Tribal identification. This plan eventually failed.
  • Ghost Dance

    Ghost Dance
    This was an effect of the Dawes Act which the Dawes Act caused the native to go to a “Prophet” named Wovoka who told them who if they did a dance called the ghost dance that they would be able to regain their greatness. This Dance cause the battle of wounded knee.
  • The Battle of Wounded Knee

    The Battle of Wounded Knee
    The battle of wounded knee was stated because of the natives ghost dance, which the whites thought that it was an act of terror. The whites came to one of the dances and arrested the natives and when guns went off sitting bull a chief was killed. The battle killed 150 Indians and 25 whites and was the last major conflict between native Americans and Americans.
  • Ellis island is built

    Ellis island is built
    Ellis island was built because many people from other countries were coming over to America to get the privileges we had back then. People would come over for religiosity reasons, certain freedoms, wars, and or just to get a better life. Ellis island had about 12 million people go though it.
  • Plessy vs Ferguson

    Plessy vs Ferguson
    This stated when a 1/8 black man who had the appearance of being white sat on a white train. When the conductor came to get his ticket he told the conductor that he was 1/8 black and refused to move when they told him to. Plessy did this to both challenge the law and make a statement. The ruling was in the trial was being “separate but equal.”
  • Explosion of the USS Maine

    Explosion of the USS Maine
    The USS Maine was a battleship put in the Havana harbor of Cuba to protect America against Spain. Then on February 15 1898 it is blown up and America thinks that the Spain torpedoed it which was the leading cause of the Spanish American war. Multiple years later an investigation shows that the Maine was blown up from the inside, but still do not know what caused it
  • Congress declares war on Spain

    Congress declares war on Spain
    One reason that drew our attention to Spain was the way they were treating the Cubans. We also had sympathy on the Cubans. And finally the thing that drove the nail was the explosion of the USS Maine battleship.
  • Roosevelt wins the battle of San Juan hill

    Roosevelt wins the battle of San Juan hill
    Teddy Roosevelt was a volunteer who lead a group of other volunteers known as the fought riders. During the battle when everyone else didn’t want to cross the line he and his posse advanced into it and won the battle. Because of this victory he was elected Vice President and soon became president.
  • End of the Spanish American war

    End of the Spanish American war
    One of the factors of the Spanish American war ending was commodore George Dewey winning against Spain’s naval fleet in only six hours. With this America was able to get Cuba its independence, earn lands such a Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippians. And the war was Findlay over with the treaty of Paris.
  • Annexation of Hawaii

    Annexation of Hawaii
    The annexation of Hawaii was when the business class lead by Samuel dole (who later became the ruler of Hawaii) overthrew the monarchy, which at the time was Queen Liliuokalani. With this and the war between America and Spain the U.S decided to annex Hawaii. But it later Hawaii became a territory then a state.
  • Upton Sinclair’s book The Jungle

    Upton Sinclair’s book The Jungle
    Upton Sinclair's book The Jungle caused a lot of controversy in America during the Progressive Era. The book focuses on the tragic events of a Lithuanian immigrant family who arrives in the U.S. to capture the opportunites they believed the country would provide, but end up find up finding a life of depression. The Jungle calls out the poor working conditions of the meat packing industry in Chicago and which in two years will lead to the inspection of the meat industry.
  • Meat inspection act

    Meat inspection act
    In responce to Upton Sinclair's book the Jungle, the Federal Meat Inspection Act of 1906 was passed in Congress to address the conditions of meat distributed to Americans and the working environment of immigrant employees. During this period, it was common for people to experience food poisoning and other condition which affected peoples work conditions. This is now why we have food inspections.
  • Roosevelt Corollary

    Roosevelt Corollary
    The unedited states had made themselves or considered themselves the role of regional policemen. This means the Roosevelt corollary was the U.S. would intervene as a last resort to ensure that other nations in the Western Hemisphere fulfilled their obligations to international creditors, and did not violate the rights of the United States or invite “foreign aggression to the detriment of the entire body of American nations.”
  • New record for the amount of people going though Ellis island

    New record for the amount of people going though Ellis island
    Ellis island got a new record for the most people going though the island to get to America. The record was 11,747 people in one day. And this recorded was gotten because America was expert among a good economic boom around this time.
  • Women’s suffrage parade

    Women’s suffrage parade
    This parade was lead by Inez Milholland riding on a white horse. This parade was meant to hopefully persuade people to pay attention to women’s suffrage and allow them to vote and hold and office. This parade was organized by Alice Paul and Inez lead over 5,000 suffrages up Pennsylvania Avenue. This event was herald the day before president Woodrow Wilson’s inauguration to draw the maximum attention of the people of America.
  • The sinking of the Lusitania

    The sinking of the Lusitania
    The Lusitania was a British passenger ship. During Germany’s submarine warfare they shot/torpedoed the Lusitania and sunk it thinking it was a battleship. This event caused America to indirectly joining World War 1.
  • Zimmerman Telegram

    Zimmerman Telegram
    the Zimmerman telegram was a telegram sent by Germany to Mexico saying that they would provide military and financial support to attack the united states, and in return Mexico would reclaim their land from the Untied States. Thankfully British intelligence intercepted this telegram making sure that Mexico did not receive it.
  • United States enters World War 1

    United States enters World War 1
    After providing aid to other countries during the beginning and middle or World War 1, Congress authorizes war against Germany. The U.S joins the allies which contained countries such as France, Russia, Britain, and Italy. The funny thing is that Woodrow Wilson’s slogan for reelection was “He kept us out of the war” then a few months later the United States went to war.
  • Woodrow Wilson supports women’s voting

    Woodrow Wilson supports women’s voting
    Woodrow Wilson was the 28 president who did not support women wanting to hold office and vote. Lots of women tried really hard to get the ability to vote by using parades, peaceful protests, hunger strikes, and others things. Then finally Woodrow Wilson finally supported granting the right of women voting.
  • The 18th Amendment

    The 18th Amendment
    The 18th amendment put a prohibition on alcohol. This amendment then failed to really work from not enough enforcement, to creating organized crime. The ban was then lifted in 1933 when the 21st amendment was passed to undo the prohibition.
  • The 19th Amendment

    The 19th Amendment
    The 19th Amendment finally allowed the last group of people to vote which was women. Women such as Susan B. Anthony, Alice Paul, and Lucy Burns fought for a long time to give women the right to vote and hold and office position. Sadly Susan B. Another died before she cause see all of her hard work pay off.
  • Scopes Monkey Trial

    Scopes Monkey Trial
    John Scope was a science teacher in a Tennessee public school who was teaching evolution to his students. Scopes lawyer was Clarence Darrow who was a very good lawyer, and the states lawyer was William Jennings Bryan who was also a very good lawyer. Even though this was a small town trial it was known nationwide. The verdict was guilty and John scope had to pay a fine but that was later redacted when the trial went to a higher court.
  • Charles Lindbergh flys across then Atlantic ocean

    Charles Lindbergh flys across then Atlantic ocean
    Charles Lindbergh was a pilot who grew in fame in the 1920s. he and his airplane named " Spirit of St. Louis" not only did the first solo flight, but flew from New York City to Paris flying over the Atlantic ocean. The Lindbergh's are also known for the kidnapping and murder of their baby.
  • Black Tuesday

    Black Tuesday
    Black Tuesday was the official day that the stock market crashed. Even though the stock market was starting to go down, Tuesday was the day that it plummeted. During this day over 16 million shares were sold and bought and the stock market lost around $28 million.
  • Smoot-Hawley Tariff

    Smoot-Hawley Tariff
    The Smoot Hawley tariff was one of Herbert Hoover’s greatest mistakes. This tariff raised imported good taxes up 50%, it was put in place so that Americans would buy local to keep unemployment rates lower than they were. This tariff however caused an international trade war because other countries did not like the Smoot-Hawley Tariff.
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt is elected as president.

    Franklin D. Roosevelt is elected as president.
    Franklin Roosevelt was elected during about the middle of the depression. He and his wife Eleanor Roosevelt spent all their time trying to stop and fix the depression with programs such as Tennessee valley authority (TVA) and Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) and other programs like that. He is also the first president to sever 4 terms, which after that happened the 22 amendment was put in place giving a president of 2 terms max.
  • “Bank Holiday”

    “Bank Holiday”
    In March of 1933 president Franklin Roosevelt declared a bank holiday to fight against the Great Depression. The bank holiday was a week long all banks were closed so that no one could deposit or extract any money from them. This holiday was put in place to ultimately restore confidence in the financial system.
  • World War 2 begins

    World War 2 begins
    World War 2 start when the Great Depression was still in progress. But when America joins World War 2 because of how many job opportunities that are now available and this causes the unemployment rate to drop significantly, putting America on a track out of the depression. World War 2 started because of communism in Russia and Germany’s attempt to stop it causing another military superpower that wanted everyone to be like them (the holocaust).
  • The battle of Midway

    The battle of Midway
    The battle of Midway is also known as the turning point for the allies in the war in the pacific during World War Two. The battle was between the allies and the Japanese. The allies won this battle with mass casualties.
  • D-Day

    D-Day also known as operation overlord, was the attack on the shore of Normandy France, to take back France from Germany. This battle was directed by General Dwight D. Eisenhower who later become the 34th president. The allies won this battle and was a great Turing point for the allies by getting France back from Germany.
  • Battle of the Bulge

    Battle of the Bulge
    The battle of the Bulge was another turning point in the battle in Europe for the allies. The battle was in Germany and was against the Nazi’s and the allies, and was called a bulge because hitler was trying to break the line in the allies which might have caused him to win but the allies only formed a bulge in their defenses and their line did not break.
  • Victory in Europe

    Victory in Europe
    Victory in Europe was the day that the allies won the war in Europe. There was still the battle in the pacific against japan. They won when Germany surrenders unconditionally to the Allies at Reims.
  • Atomic bomb on Hiroshima

    Atomic bomb on Hiroshima
    The Manhattan project was a top secret project that developed the atomic bomb. The bomb that was dropped on Hiroshima was called little boy and was dropped by a pilot named Paul Tibbets. This atomic bomb drooping lead to the surrendering of japan.
  • Victory over Japan day

    Victory over Japan day
    Victory in japan was the day that the allies finally won the whole war. Japan finally surrendered after the atomic bomb droppings on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, which shook the whole country. This was a great day for the allies and the end of World War Two.
  • The Truman Doctrine

    The Truman doctrine was created by President Harry Truman, and its purpose was to prevent the speared of communism to other European countries. This did that by providing military and economic support. And this doctrine later became or lead to the founding of NATO.
  • Korean War

    The Korean War was when communist North Korea passes into non communist South Korea. The Soviet Union supported/ funded North Korea with military things like, troops, tanks, etc. But the war did end with the signing of the Armistice Agreement.
  • Start of the Vietnam war

    The Vietnam war started because of communism and was during the Cold War as well as other well known battle such as the Korean War. So north Vietnam was communist and was attacking south Vietnam, but France interfered and was trying to help the south Vietnam but when they backed out America took their place to help south Vietnam. And then this battle went on for the next 19 years.
  • Construction of the Berlin Wall

    The Berlin Wall was put up to separate east Germany from west Germany. On the east side of Germany you had communism and people tried to flee to the west to escape it, and so the wall was built to keep the people in. And the reason they wanted to keep people in was because they wanted to keep the smart people in to help the east communism part.
  • The Cuban missile crisis

    The Cuban missile crisis was still between the Soviet Union and America. Cuba has missiles that were going to be used for nuclear war between the Soviet Union and America. This was the most suspenseful 13 days for America who were in worry of this happening.
  • The Tet offensive

    The tet offensive was a series of attacks that the north Vietcong did on south Vietnam cities. The purpose of these attacks was to damage American and south Vietnam forces as well as try to cause an uprising in south Vietnam. And it’s called the tet offensive because tet was New Years for Vietnam and these attacks were put into act on that day.
  • First man on the moon

    America during the Cold War was also in a space race, where us and other countries tried to accomplish doing/ sending items and living things into space. Russia or soviets beat us by putting the first man (Yuri Gagarin) into space, but we were the first to succeed on putting the first man on the moon. On July 20, 1969 Neil Armstrong was the first man to set foot on the surface of the moon, followed by buzz aldrin.
  • End of the Vietnam war

    The Vietnam war ended when president Nixon signed the Paris peace accords which north Vietnam accept a cease fire. But even though we kind of won military we lost politically. When American troops arrived home after the Vietnam war they were not greeted the same way soldiers were after returning from WWll. I think it might have driven from the Vietnam war being the first war televised and everyone could see how horrible it was.