American History 1 Timeline

Timeline created by _wyn_
In History
  • 3,000 BCE

    Migration out of Africa

    They migrated out of Africa, heading east along Southern coastlines of Asia, through islands of the South Pacific.
  • 2,000 BCE

    The Second Migration

    When they came to Australia, one group broke off and went north of Siberia. The northern group in Central Asia are the ancestors of about 1 billion people.
  • 1000

    Water covered Beringia

    Water covered Beringia
  • Aug 3, 1492

    Christopher sailed with 3 ships from Spain.

    Christopher sailed with 3 ships from Spain.
  • Sep 6, 1492

    Columbus set out into the unknown ocean

    Columbus set out into the unknown ocean
    After stopping in the Canary Islands for supplies, they headed out into the unknown ocean.
  • Oct 9, 1492

    The crew say they will sail no longer

    The trip was hard, they faced storms, and all that seemed to be in front of them was endless sea. Columbus begged the sailors for three more days, and if there wasn't any land by then, they could cut off his head and sail off peacefully.
  • Oct 12, 1492

    They found the Bahama Islands

    They found the Bahama Islands
    On the third day a lookout high on the Pinta's mast yelled, "Tierra! Tierra!" The Bahama Islands were straight ahead
  • Oct 29, 1492

    Arrives at Cuba

  • Dec 5, 1492

    Columbus arrives at Hispaniola.

    Columbus arrives at Hispaniola.
  • Jan 16, 1493

    Columbus departs Hispaniola for Spain in the Niña.

  • Mar 4, 1493

    Arrives at Lisbon, Portugal.

    Arrives at Lisbon, Portugal.
  • Mar 15, 1493

    Niña and Pinta return separately to Palos, Spain.

  • Sep 1, 1493

    The Grand Fleet of 17 ships departs Cádiz.

    The Grand Fleet of 17 ships departs Cádiz.
    In the month of September
  • 1518

    Cortés' expedition to Mexico

    Cortés' expedition to Mexico
    Cortés was to command his own expedition to Mexico, but Velázquez canceled it. Cortés ignored the order, setting sail for Mexico with more than 500 men and 11 ships that year.
  • Feb 1, 1519

    The expedition reached the Mexican coast.

    The expedition reached the Mexican coast.
    In the month of February. Cortés became allies with some of the native peoples he encountered, but with others he used deadly force to conquer Mexico. He fought Tlaxacan and Cholula warriors and then set his sights on taking over the Aztec empire.
  • 1521

    Cortés returned again to defeat the Aztecs and take the city

    Cortés returned again to defeat the Aztecs and take the city
    After facing off against Spanish forces, Cortés returned to Tenochtitlán to find a rebellion in progress. The Aztecs eventually drove the Spanish from the city, but Cortés returned again to defeat them and take the city
  • 1522

    Cortés becomes governor of New Spain

    Cortés becomes governor of New Spain
    King Charles I of Spain (also known as Holy Roman Emperor Charles V) appointed him the governor of New Spain
  • The three small ships landed at Chesapeake Bay

    The three small ships landed at Chesapeake Bay
    In the month of April, when the three small ships landed at the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay. The ships were the Susan Constant, the Discovery, and the Godspeed, and they had been sent from England by a business corporation called the London Company.
  • Jamestown's first Indian attack

  • Two English ships tied up at Jamestown's docks

  • Goodbye, Jamestown

    Goodbye, Jamestown
    They had had enough of this New World. Everyone marched out of the wretched settlement climbed aboard ship, said, "Goodbye, Jamestown," and headed for England. They didn't make it through, along the way they met another ship from England that made them turn back.
  • Rescue Mission

    Plymouth colonists embarked on a rescue mission to save Squanto after he had been taken prisoner by a sachem named Corbitant at the nearby village of Nemasket.
  • Massachusetts Bay was founded

    Massachusetts Bay was founded
  • The Dedham Covenant was drawn up in Massachusetts

    The Dedham Covenant was drawn up in Massachusetts
  • Massachusetts Body of Liberties

    Massachusetts Body of Liberties
    With Winthrop temporarily voted out of office, the colonists established the Massachusetts Body of Liberties.
  • Boston suffered a severe food shortage

    Boston suffered a severe food shortage
  • Beggarly people Institutions

    Beggarly people Institutions
    By the 1730s, people demanded institutions to hold the "many Beggarly people daily suffered to wander about the Streets."
  • Thomas Hutchinson's House mysteriously burns down

    Thomas Hutchinson's House mysteriously burns down
    Poor Bostonians felt that Thomas Hutchinson, a rich merchant and official, had discriminated against them. His house mysteriously burned, while a crowd watched and cheered.
  • Stamp Tax Passed

    Stamp Tax Passed
    The Stamp Tax was passed in 1765, but was later repealed after British stamp agents were attacked and had tar and feathers put all over them.
  • Patrick Henry's speech against the Stamp Act

    Patrick Henry's speech against the Stamp Act
    Patrick Henry gave a speech in front of the Virginia's House of Burgesses against the Stamp Act. He threw on the floor in front of him a gauntlet--a glove-- which is a traditional challenge to fight.
  • The Sons of Liberty Formed

    The Sons of Liberty Formed
    Sam Adams formed a group called The Sons of Liberty. In Boston, the Sons met under an old elm tree that Adams called the Liberty Tree.
  • British surprise raid

    John Hancock pays duties on 25 pipes of wine, only one fourth of his ship's carrying capacity. British officials accuse him of unloading the rest during the night to avoid paying duties on the entire cargo.
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    The Boston Massacre was a deadly riot that occurred on March 5, 1770, on King Street in Boston. It began as a street brawl between American colonists and a lone British soldier, but quickly escalated to a chaotic, bloody slaughter. The conflict energized anti-Britain sentiment and paved the way for the American Revolution.
  • Tea Tax was passed

  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    People in Boston showed King George and parliament and Lord Townshend what they thought about taxes on tea. They dressed up as Indians and climbed on a ship in Boston Harbor and threw 342 chests of good English tea into the water. Americans called it the Boston Tea Party.
  • First Continental Congress convenes

    First Continental Congress convenes
    In response to the British Parliament’s enactment of the Coercive Acts in the American colonies, the first session of the Continental Congress convenes at Carpenter’s Hall in Philadelphia. Fifty-six delegates from all the colonies except Georgia drafted a declaration of rights and grievances and elected Virginian Peyton Randolph as the first president of Congress. Patrick Henry, George Washington, John Adams, and John Jay were among the delegates.
  • Patrick Henry's speech, "Give me Liberty or Give me death."

    Patrick Henry's speech, "Give me Liberty or Give me death."
  • Battle at Lexington and Concord

    Battle at Lexington and Concord
    700 British troops, on a mission to capture Patriot leaders and seize a Patriot arsenal, march into Lexington to find 77 armed minutemen under Captain John Parker waiting for them on the town’s common green. British Major John Pitcairn ordered the outnumbered Patriots to disperse. Suddenly, a shot was fired from an undetermined gun. When the brief Battle of Lexington ended, eight Americans lay dead and 10 others hurt. Only one British soldier was injured, but the American Revolution had begun
  • The adoption of the Declaration of Independence

    The adoption of the Declaration of Independence
  • The Declaration of Independence was signed

    The Declaration of Independence was signed
  • The Battle of Yorktown (the final battle)

    they began their final attack, of British General Lord Cornwallis and nearly 9,000 troops. Yorktown proved to be the final battle of the American Revolution, and the British began peace negotiations shortly after the American victory.
  • The official African slave trade ended

    Slavery continued though. And an illegal slave trade began.
  • War was declared on Great Britain

  • They sailed an Army into Chesapeake Bay

    They sailed an Army into Chesapeake Bay
    landed redcoats, whipped American troops at Bladensburg, and then marched on, heading for the nation's capital.
  • "Trail of Tears"

  • Frederick Douglass spoke up against slavery at an abolitionist meeting

  • Douglass traveled west to speak about abolition

    In Pendleton, Indiana he was stoned and beaten by a mob. His hand was broken and was never again as dexterous as it had been.
  • Harriet Tubman served as a conductor for the underground railroad

  • Period:
    1,000 BCE
    to
    500

    Between 15,000 - 30,000 years ago Native Americans crossed Beringia

  • Period:
    May 26, 1521
    to
    Aug 13, 1521

    The Siege of Tenochtitlan

    Cortes won many battles against the Aztecs, and thanks to the help of neighboring tribes, along with smallpox he was finally able to overthrow them.
  • Period: to

    The Starving Time

    That winter was as awful a time as any in American history.
  • Period: to

    The colonies grew fast in the eighteenth century

    Their population rose from one-quarter of a million people to more than a million and a half. Small factories developed. Boston, New York, Philadelphia, and Charleston doubled and tripled in size.
  • Period: to

    The French and Indian War

  • Period: to

    James Madison was President

  • Period: to

    The War of 1812