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African Independence

  • how africa became indpendent

    how africa became indpendent
    The road to African independence was very hard and tortuous often through bloody fights, revolts and assasinations. For example; Britain unilatearlly granted "The Kingdom of Egypt" independence on Feb. 22nd 1922 after a series of revolts, but continued to interfere in government. More violent revolts led to the signing of the Anglo-Egyptian treaty in 1936 and a coupe detat tagged Egyptian Revolut
  • Liberia

    Independence of LiberiaLiberia declared independance.
    A young African American man from Virginia named Joseph Jenkins Roberts declared the colony of Liberia in West Africa an independent republic on July 26, 1847. The following year he became the first elected president of the new country. Roberts had moved there in 1829 at the age of twenty from Petersburg, Virginia. At that time, Liberia was a colony owned by a group of people in the United States.
  • From Beggining to End

    From Beggining to End
    By 1880 only a few intrepid European and American explorers had traveled deep into the heart of the African continent. Thirty years later, after a mad "Scramble for Africa", all but Liberia and Ethiopia had been annexed by the vast European empires.
    From the early departure of the Germans under the Treaty of Versailles to the first-in-last-out stance of the Portuguese -- the struggle for independence was both long and bloody. Link; http://africanhistory.about.com/od/eraindependence/l/bl-AtlasOf
  • Eygpt

    WebsiteEgypt was declared independent on 28 February 1922 from under the British rule and it acquired full sovereignty following World War II. The British government announced their independence without any discussion with representatives from Egypt, leaving the details on 4 issues, of the communications security of British occupation in Egypt, Egypt's defense, foreign affairs of Egypt, minority races' protection, and the state of Sudan which were to be ironed out later.
  • South Africa

    South Africa
    videoSouth AfricaIn 1652 Dutch settlers arrived at the Cape and set up a refreshment post for the journey to the Dutch East Indies. With minimal impact on the local peoples the Dutch started to move inland and colonize. The arrival of the British in the eighteenth century accelerated the process. http://africanhistory.about.com/library/bl/bl-Independence-SA2.htm
  • Ethiopia

    Ethipoia gained its independence on this date.
    Ethiopia is usually considered to have never been colonised, but following the invasion by Italy in 1935-36 Italian settlers arrived. Emperor Haile Selassie was deposed and went into exile in the UK. He regained his throne on 5 May 1941 when he re-entered Addis Ababa with his troops. Italian resistance was not completely overcome until 27th November 1941. Ethopia
  • Morocco

    MorocooThe region was conquered by the Almoravids in the second half of the eleventh century and a capital founded at Marrakech. They eventually had an empire which included Algeria, Ghana and much of Spain. In the second part of the twelfth century the region was conquered in turn by the Almohads, also Berber Muslims, who took over the empire, and extended it to the west as far as Tripoli.
  • Tunisia

    TunisiaGained independence from France. Home of the Zenata Berbers for many centuries, Tunisia is linked to all the great North African/Mediterranean empires: Phoenician, Roman, Byzantine, Arab, Ottoman and finally the French. Tunisia became a French protectorate in 1883. It was invaded by the Axis during the Second World War, but was returned to French rule when the Axis were defeated. Independence was achieved in 1956.
  • Chad, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Madagascar, Nigeria, Senegal, Cameroon, Benin Independence

    Chad, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Madagascar, Nigeria, Senegal, Cameroon, Benin Independence
    youtube videoSenegal, Chad, Central African Republic, Madagascar, Benin, and Cameroon gained independence from France. Congo gained independence from Belgium. Nigeria gained independence from Great Britain.
  • Nelson Mandela Became the Leader of the Military Side of the ANC

    Nelson Mandela Became the Leader of the Military Side of the ANC
    Websitehref='http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-PuT1T7Juo8' >Video: Nelson Mandella </a> Mandela became leader of the military side of the ANC in 1961 and helped coordinate sabotage attacks on the Government buildings through a spate of attacks. Mandela also raised funds for a number of paramilitary groups. In later years, Mandela spoke out against the armed struggle and put it down to the frustration of the people at the time. The ANC is the "African National Congress"
  • Mozambique

    Videowebsite 1962 many anti-colonial political groups had formed the Front for the Mozambique Liberation, in September 1964, this initiated an armed campaign against the colonial rule of Portugal. The drive for Mozambique independence developed with a great pace, and in 1962 many anti-colonial political groups had formed the Front for the Mozambique Liberation.
  • Independence of Uganda

    Independence of Uganda
    Uganda gained independence from Great Britain in 1962. Uganda was under the leader of Sir Edward Mutesa, unitl taken over by Milton Obote, who became the first prime minister of the newly Uganda. A year later they became the Republic of Uganda lead by Mutesa II, their first president.
  • Mandela Became President

    Mandela Became President
    Nelson Mandela's Speech Mandela became President of South Africa in 1994 with the coming of the first true open elections. Mandela also helped to settle the dispute between Britain and Libya over the Lockerbie bombing. Website
  • Chad

    movie and website On August 11, 1960, Chad gained its independence from France. But the post-independence euphoria was short-lived as Francois Tombalbaye, the country's president, proved to be an autocratic leader. Almost immediately he banned all political parties - paving the way for nearly 40 years of civil war.