Acts Building to Civil War

  • Missouri Compramise

    Missouri wanted to become a state and allow slavery, but this would disrupt the balance between free states and slave states. So, to solve this they annexed Maine to be a state as well. It would be forced to be a free state though. The Missouri Compramise was a band-aide solution.
  • Wilmont Proviso

    A bill that was introduced. It stated that all states aqcuired from Mexico would have banned slavery. This bill did not pass. It enraged the southeners that wanted slavery to spread.
  • Compramise of 1850

    After California became a free state, Washington and it's government decided to not allow selling or trading of slaves. This started slave owners on the idea of forcing the salves to reproduce to have more slaves. This was also a Band- aide solution.
  • Dread Scott Decision

    A slave sued his owner for freedom rights after the slave was taken into a free state but still held as property. The case eventually got to supreme court and Dread Scott was still a slave, but he bought his freedom. He died a year after he was freed.
  • Fugitive slave act

    The Fugitive Slave Law or Fugitive Slave Act was passed by the United States Congress on September 18, 1850, as part of the Compromise of 1850. This was one of the most controversial acts of the 1850 compromise and spiked Northern fears. It declared that all runaway slaves were to be captured and returned to their masters.
  • Uncle Tom's Cabin

    Harriot Breecher Stowe's book, Uncle Tom's Cabin, stunned the people of the north with her description of slavery and how it worked. This book encouraged the north to do something about slavery.
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act

    Stephem Douglas proposed a bill that would organize the region west of Missouri and Iowa to Kansas and Nebraska. This bill started a riot in congress over the balance between the states being free or slave. They decided to let settlers vote on slavery.
  • Bleeding Kansas

    This was the first act of viloence over the topic of slavery. Pro-slaves attacked the town of Lawrence and the anti-slave capitol. John Brown lead this and he believed it was his job to end slavery. He killed 5 supporters of slavery.
  • Lincoln-Douglas Debate

    Lincoln and Douglas were in an election for the senate. They had many brutal debates that divided the country into more and more seperation.
  • John Brown's Raid on the Harper Ferry

    John Brown held slave owners captive. He was hoping to get the slaves motivated to fight back against the owners. In other words, he wanted a slave uprising. His mission was a failure, nut he became a hero in the north. After his court case was done and decided, he was hung.
  • Lincoln's Election

    LIncoln's speech was very controversal to the south. He told the south he wanted to keep slavery and he wouldn't ban it in their territory. To the North he said he would ban slavery in the new territories. Lincoln ended up winning the election with 40% majority vote.
  • Secession of South Carolina

    Ssouth Carolina held a vote to seceede. After the other southern states heard about this, they wanted to seceede also and become an independant nation that opposed Lincoln. This act almost split our country in 2. It was Lincoln's goal to preserve the union.