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Abolition Movement 1820's-1850's

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    Underground Railroad

    A secretive route that helped African American slaves escape the south and reach freedom in the North. Many abolitionists assisted in the guidance of the slaves, and they succeeded in freeing somewhere from 30,000 to 100,000. There is no official record, only the stories and diaries of those who participated. As the need to free slaves died out, so did the Railroad.
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    American Colonization Society

    Founded by Henry Clay, John Randolph, and Richard Lee. The main purpose of this society was to return freed Afircan American back to freedom in Africa. the ACS was made of Quakers who supported abolition and, suprisingly, slave owners who wanted to get rid of the threat of freed African Americans. Created the colony of Liberia for the African Americans, which was very successful. It eventually became and independent state.
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    A compromise between abolitionists and slave owners over the admission of Missouri as a slave state. the addition was strongly opposed, and the Tallmadge Amendment was proposed to ease tension. This proposed the eventual emancipation of the slaves in Missouri and the end of its slave statehood. This was disliked by the south and eventuall an compromise was made admitting Missouri as the last slave state in the US and admitting Maine as a free state.
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    American Anti-Slavery Society

    A party formed by William Lloyd Garrison, Arthur Tappan, and Frederick Douglass. Could never get much support and efforts were met with violent opposition. Worked to have slavery abolised, but due to the radical view of Garrison, disagreements occured and not much progress was made.
  • John Brown's Raid

    John Brown's Raid
    A failed attempt to start an armed slave revolt by attacking a US arsenal at Harper's Ferry. John Brown was a radical aboltionist who was later hanged after being captured. The raid was defeated by a small detachment of US Marines.