A Nation Divided

  • Northwest Ordinance Passed

    Northwest Ordinance Passed
    The Northwest Ordinance made it so that all states north of the Ohio River would become free states, and states to the south of the river would be able to have slavery.
  • US Constitution signed

    The US Constitution was made to explain the branches of the government, what the branches had the power to do, and it set forth some laws.
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    This compromise allowed Maine to be a free state, and Missouri a slave state. This compromise also made an imaginary line at latitude 36°30', to keep the Slave states, and free states separate, except for Missouri.
  • Nat Turner's Rebellion

    Nat Turner's Rebellion
    Nat Turner's Rebellion was a rebellion led by Turner and a group of African- Americans, who killed any white person they ran into, or got in their way.
  • Gag Rule in Congress

    People were having heated arguments over the matter of slavery. The Congress finally decided to make the gag rule, to stop people from talking and arguing about it.
    Start Date: 1836
    End Date: 1846
  • Mexican- American War

    The war started by congress annexing Texas, and disputes between borders. Mexico then declared war on America, and America won.
    Start Date: 4/25/1846
    End Date: 2/2/1848
  • Wilmot Proviso

    A bill made by David Wilmot, that claimed that they can't take slaves from the territory they win in the Mexican- American war.
  • Harriet Tubman Escapes Slavery

    Harriet Tubman Escapes Slavery
    Harriet Tubman was a slave who was about to be sold to someone knew, and was going to be separated from her family, so she decided to escape. Harriet Tubman escaped to freedom with the help of the Underground Railroad.
  • Compromise of 1850

    This compromise was made tried to make both the North and South happy. This compromise entered California as a free state, let New Mexico and Utah decide if they wanted slaves or not, Made a stronger fugitive slave act, and stopped slave trade in Washington D.C.
  • Uncle Tom's Cabin Published

    Uncle Tom's Cabin Published
    Uncle Tom's Cabin is a novel by Harriet Beecher, and is about a slave named Uncle Tom who got beat to death, and a slave who risked running away because she was about to be separated from her son.
  • Dred Scott Decision

    Dred Scott Decision
    A slave named Dred Scott came to court claiming he should be free because he had been to the North. The Supreme court answered with this decision that African Americans had no way to be citizens, and that the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional.
  • Bleeding Kansas

    People from both the North and South moved to Kansas to influence it to be a free or slave state. Bleeding Kansas started when some pro slavery people came and invaded the anti slavery part of Kansas, and in return John Brow invaded the pro slavery part of Kansas.
    Start Date: 5/21/1854
    End Date: 2/29/1861
  • Lincoln- Douglas Debates

    Lincoln- Douglas Debates
    These were a series of debates over if the Dred Scott decision and the Union being half and half was sufficient.
  • John Brown raids Harpers Ferry

    John Brown raids Harpers Ferry
    John Brown tried to raid the federal arsenal, to get weapons to arm the slaves with, to make a rebellion. John Brown's plan failed, and he was sentenced to death.
  • Abraham Lincoln elected

    Lincoln was supported by the Republican party, and had to go up against Stephen Douglas, John C. Breckinridge, and John Bell. Abraham Lincoln won with 40% of the votes.
  • South Carolina Secedes

    South Carolina Secedes
    Abraham Lincoln had just became president, and the South was worried that slavery would soon be outlawed, so South Carolina held a meeting and decided to leave the Union.
  • Civil War

    Many of the events and arguments over slavery, were dividing the nation, and leading up to this point. Finally when Abraham Lincoln became president, and wouldn’t allow slavery to spread more to the west, South Carolina left the Union, and other states followed. South Carolina claimed a base that was near them, and Lincoln refused to let it go, until South Carolina opened fire at the was, starting the Civil War.
    Start Date: 4/12/1861
    End Date: 4/9/1865