Supreme Court Milestones

  • Creation of the Supreme Court

    Creation of the Supreme Court
    The Supreme Court was authorized by Articles 2 and 3 of the Constitution. Then the Judiciary Act was passed by the US Senate, creating the Supreme Court.
  • John Jay

    John Jay
    (1745-1829) Served as Chief Justice of the United States, President of Continental Congress, and Governor of New York.
  • John Marshall

    John Marshall
    John Marshall served as the Fourth Chief Justoce of the United States, the fourth Secretary of the State, and the representative of Virginia in the House of Representatives.
  • Marbury v. Madison

    Marbury v. Madison
    Justice of the Peace William Marbury argued with James Madison what was Constitutionally ethical, so a stronger system of checks and balances for Congress was established.
  • Fletcher v. Peck

    Fletcher v. Peck
    Georgia was not allowed to sell land that was obtained illegally, so when Robert Fletcher bought land from John Peck Congress deemed the land neither of theirs. Thus the first state law was deemed unconstitutional.
  • Dartmouth College v. Woodward

    Dartmouth College v. Woodward
    Dartmouth College was going to be forced by the state of New Hampshire to become a publc institute, but Congress decided it had the right to be individual. Thus creating a business system of laws determining personal and state institutions' rules.
  • McCullough v. Maryland

    McCullough v. Maryland
    Maryland wanted to be able to tax all banks in the US, but the only bank outside of Maryland at the time was the Second Bank of the US. Congress had more power so they denied the request because it was their bank.
  • Gibbons v. Ogden

    Gibbons v. Ogden
    New York attempted to try and set a law so that William Wirt and Daniel Webster (Gibbons) couldn't trade in the waters around New York, but Congress decided that there was no prblem with it according to the Commerce Clause in the Constitution. So New York was undermined by Congress, which helped establish the Commercial Laws in the US.
  • Dred Scott v. Stanford

    Dred Scott v. Stanford
    Dred Scott was an african american man that tried to sue for his freedom because he was born into slavery, but he was ruled as still a slave. He lost his case 2 to 5 votes.