Revolutions

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    Thomas Hobbes

    One of the first modern Western thinkers. Believed that religion and politics should be separate. Major belief is that all people are greedy and predatory and that they should to submit to the absolute power of the state.
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    John Locke

    Believed in natural rights every person was born with: life, liberty and owning property. He disagreed with Thomas Hobbes
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    baron de montesquieu

    he believed the government should be broken down into three branches where one branch isn't stronger than the others. he also believed in separation of power and checks and balances
  • English Bill of Rights

    English Bill of Rights
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    voltaire

    he believed things must be explained logically and reasonably, and was against any form of religion that was too strict and didn't accept others' beliefs, and he fought against intolerance, tyrany, and superstition
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    benjamin franklin

    he believed in a single legislature with an advisory board and was an abolitionist, believing slavery was wrong.
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    jean-jacques rousseau

    he believed in individual rights and individual rights as well as majority rule.
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    adam smith

    he believed in individual freedom, modern econimics, and that giving to charity was a virtuous act but that society should not depend on it.
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    cesare beccaria

    he believed torture and the death penalty were both wrong and people had a right to a fair and speedy trial, as well as the punishment fitting the crime they committed. he also believed education reduces crime rates.
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    thomas jefferson

    he believed in individuals' freedom and rights should be protected by the government, didnt' want a government with too much power, and everyone should be able to get an education.
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    father hidalgo

    he wanted to free mexico from the harsh rule of foreigners, marched through the streets of mexico, was captured then shot. he fought for mexican independence
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    mary wollstonecraft

    she believed in rights for women, equal treatment of human beings, and that people should be judged on individual merit and moral virtue. she thought there were inequalities in education
  • Seven Years’ War Peace Treaty between Great Britain and France

    Seven Years’ War Peace Treaty between Great Britain and France
  • Intolerable or Coercive Acts

    This was a number of acts passed by the British starting in 1765 which made the American colonies basically a police state.
  • Seven Years’ War Peace Treaty between Great Britain and France

    Seven Years’ War Peace Treaty between Great Britain and France
  • tar and feathering

    William Smith was thought to be informing the British of American smuggling and he was tarred and feathered, or had tar poured on him and feathers over the tar, a humiliating and painful punishment. This came to be used by Patriots against the Loyalists.
  • Repeal of Stamp Act

    Repeal of Stamp Act
  • Townsend Act, new revenue taxes on North American colonists

    Townsend Act, new revenue taxes on North American colonists
  • Boston Massacre

    5 American colonists were killed by British soldiers in the Boston Massacre. It started when the colonists wouldn't stop throwing stuff at the soldiers and ended after they shot and killed 5 colonists.
  • Riots in Boston met with violence by British troops

    Riots in Boston met with violence by British troops
  • Committees of Correspondence

    This was a system used by the colonists to warn each other about the British using letters. They could talk about events and plan.
  • The Gaspee Incident

    A British ship called the Gaspee was chasing a merchant ship they thought was smuggling goods. The next night, John Brown led a group on board the ship, wounding the lieutenant and burning the ship.
  • Tea Act

    This was the refusal of colonists to buy tea. It didn't make any new taxes but kept the ones they already had. This eventually led to the Boston Tea Party
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
  • Boston Tea Party

    American colonists snuck on board a British ship and dumped 342 chests of tea into the Boston Harbor
  • The Quebec Act

    This brought Canada under British rule
  • First Continental Congress

    First Continental Congress
  • The British are coming...

    British soldiers arrive in the Americas for war and Paul Revere and William Dawes ride to warn the militia.
  • Lexington and Concord

    First battle of the Revolution at the towns of Lexington and Concord. They tried to arrest Sam Adams and other leaders and sent 700 soldiers to destroy American guns.
  • Second Continental Congress

    This was the first date the Second Continental Congress met, and they met primarily to deal with the revolution and win it.
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    American Revolution

  • Common Sense

    This was a paper published by Thomas Paine and led many Americans to commit to the revolution and independance.
  • Declaration of Independence draft

    This is what drew a clear line between the British, the Patriots and the Loyalists. It caused a lot of fighting but set the first framework for how America would be governed.
  • Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence
  • American and French representatives sign two treaties in Paris: a Treaty of Amity and Commerce and a Treaty of Alliance

    American and French representatives sign two treaties in Paris: a Treaty of Amity and Commerce and a Treaty of Alliance
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    simon bolivar

    he believed in strong central government, and that political power should be divided among different branches of goernment. to him power not divided was power too strong. he also thought that people should not be able to vote until they were educated
  • Ratification of Constitution of the United States of America

    Ratification of Constitution of the United States of America
  • Estates General convened for the first time in 174 years in France

     Estates General convened for the first time in 174 years in France
  • Storming of the Bastille, prison (and armory) in Paris

     Storming of the Bastille, prison (and armory) in Paris
  • National Constituent Assembly and French Declaration of the Rights of Man

    National Constituent Assembly and French Declaration of the Rights of Man
    National Constituent Assembly and French Declaration of the Rights of Man
  • Beheading of King Louis XVI

     Beheading of King Louis XVI
  • Slave rebellion in Saint Domingue

    Slave rebellion in Saint Domingue
  • U.S. Bill of Rights ratified by states

    U.S. Bill of Rights ratified by states
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    French Revolution

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    Hatian Revolution

  • French National Assembly gives citizenship to all free people of color in the colony of Saint Domingue

    French National Assembly gives citizenship to all free people of color in the colony of Saint Domingue
  • France declares war on Austria

     France declares war on Austria
  • France declares war on Great Britain

     France declares war on Great Britain
  • All slaves on Saint Domingue emancipated by the French revolutionary authorities to join the French army and fight against the British

    All slaves on Saint Domingue emancipated by the French revolutionary authorities to join the French army and fight against the British
  • Toussaint leads troops against the British

    Toussaint leads troops against the British
  • French colonial forces defeated by Toussaint

    French colonial forces defeated by Toussaint
  • Toussaint negotiates peace with the British

    Toussaint negotiates peace with the British
  • War ends between Great Britain and France

    War ends between Great Britain and France
  • Constitution for Haiti

    Constitution for Haiti
  • General Leclerc sent by Napoleon to subdue colony and re-institute slavery

    General Leclerc sent by Napoleon to subdue colony and re-institute slavery
  • New declaration of war between Great Britain and France

    New declaration of war between Great Britain and France
  • French withdraw troops; Haitians declare independence

    French withdraw troops; Haitians declare independence
  • Napoleon crowns himself emperor of France

    Napoleon crowns himself emperor of France
  • Jean-Jacques Dessalines crowns himself emperor of Haiti

    Jean-Jacques Dessalines crowns himself emperor of Haiti
  • British end the slave trade

    British end the slave trade
  • Declarations of self-government in most Latin American colonies

    Declarations of self-government in most Latin American colonies
  • French expelled from Spain

    French expelled from Spain
  • Napoleon defeated and French empire reduced in Europe to France alone

    Napoleon defeated and French empire reduced in Europe to France alone
  • French abolish slave trade

    French abolish slave trade
  • U.S. President Monroe declares doctrine against European interference with the new republics in the Americas, known as the Monroe Doctrine

    U.S. President Monroe declares doctrine against European interference with the new republics in the Americas, known as the Monroe Doctrine