Scientific Revolution

  • Period: Nov 15, 1550 to

    scientific revolution

  • Feb 16, 1564

    Galileo is born, Michelangelo Buonarroti dies, William Shakespeare born

    Galileo born in Pisa, Italy feb 16. An Italian physicist, mathematician, astronomer and philosopher. Michaelangelo dies in Florence on feb 18. Italian Renaissance painter, sculptor, architect, poet, and engineer. Shakespeare born in England on april 23. An English poet and playwright, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's pre-eminent dramatist
  • Galileo demonstrates that a projectile follows a parabolic path

    Using an inclined plane, Galileo had performed experiments on uniformly accelerated motion, and he now used the same apparatus to study projectile motion. He placed an inclined plane on a table and provided it with a curved piece at the bottom which deflected an inked bronze ball into a horizontal direction. The ball thus accelerated rolled over the table-top with uniform motion and then fell off the edge of the table Where it hit the floor, it left a small mark. The mark allowed the horizontal
  • Telescope invented

    The telescope first appeared in the Netherlands. In October 1608, the national government in The Hague discussed a patent application for a device that aided "seeing faraway things as though nearby." It consisted of a convex and concave lens in a tube. The combination magnified objects three or four times. The government found the device too easy to copy and did not award a patent, but it voted a small award to Jacob Metius and employed Hans Lipperhey to make several binocular versions, for whic
  • Galileo constructs first telescope

    Galileo made his first telescope in 1609, modeled after telescopes produced in other parts of Europe that could magnify objects three times. He created a telescope later that same year that could magnify objects twenty times. With this telescope, he was able to look at the moon, discover the four satellites of Jupiter, observe a supernova, verify the phases of Venus, and discover sunspots. His discoveries proved the Copernican system which states that the earth and other planets revolve around t
  • Kepler tries to improve the Galilean telescope

    A variation on the Galilean telescope was suggested by Johannes Kepler in his 1611 book Dioptrice. He noted that a telescopic device could be built using two convex lenses, but the image it produced would be upside down. According to Kepler, was its larger field of view and high magnification.
  • Galileo dies

    Galileo continued to receive visitors until 1642, when, after suffering fever and heart palpitations, he died on January 8, 1642, at age 77. He was buried in a small room next to the novices' chapel at the end of a corridor from the southern transept of the basilica to the sacristy. He was reburied in the main body of the basilica in 1737 after a monument had been erected there in his honour
  • Newton established 'Laws of Motion' and principle of gravity

    Newton established a new set of 'mental categories' now associated with the concepts of force, mass, acceleration as evidenced in three 'laws of motion' and principle of universal gravitation. 1.First law: Every body remains in a state of rest or uniform motion (constant velocity) unless it is acted upon by an external unbalanced force. [2][3][4] This means that in the absence of a non-zero net force, the center of mass of a body either remains at rest, or moves at a constant speed in a straig
  • Newton is elected President of Royal Society

    the Royal Society, is a learned society for science, and is possibly the oldest such society in existence.[1] Founded in November 1660, it was granted a Royal Charter by King Charles II as the "Royal Society of London". The Society was initially an extension of the "Invisible College", with the founders intending it to be a place of research and discussion. The Society today acts as a scientific advisor to the British government, receiving a parliamentary grant-in-aid.
  • Newton publishes the first edition of his Opticks

    From 1670 to 1672, Newton lectured on optics. During this period he investigated the refraction of light, demonstrating that a prism could decompose white light into a spectrum of colours, and that a lens and a second prism could recompose the multicoloured spectrum into white light.[31]
    He also showed that the coloured light does not change its properties by separating out a coloured beam and shining it on various objects.
  • Issac Newton dies.

    By the end of his life, Newton was one of the most famous men in England, his pre-eminence in matters scientific unchallenged. He had also become a wealthy man; he invested his substantial income wisely, and had enough to make sizable gifts to charity and leave a small fortune behind in his will. Whether he was happy is another question. He suffer from incontinence, due to a weakness in the bladder, and his movement and diet became restricted. He blacked out and never regained consciousness