Afghanistan History By jp93 Sep 29, 1747 Afghanistan is founded In 1747, Ahmad Shah Durrani, the founder of what is known today as Afghanistan, established his rule. Apr 30, 1839 Two Anglo-Afghan Wars After a difficult advance under harassment from tribal guerillas, the city of kandaharis captured Jul 27, 1880 Malalai A woman from the small village of Khig, named Malalai, played a major role in the battle of Maiwand during the second Anglo-Afghan war. Sep 30, 1919 Afganistan gains independence Afganistan gained independence from British occupying forces. This period of relative stability ended in 1973 when King Zahir Shah was overthrown while away in Europe. Sep 30, 1919 The Treaty of Rawalpindi Afghanistan signed , Which ended the Third Anglo-Afghan War and marks Afganistan's offical date of independence. Sep 30, 1933 Zahir Shan Amanullah's nephew Mohammad Zahir Shan, the last king of Afghanistan, began a 40 year reign Sep 29, 1941 Female Secondary School First secondary female school was established in Kabul. Sep 29, 1965 DOAW The Democratic Organization of Afghan Women (DOAW) was formed. DOAW worked against illiteracy, forced marriages and bride prices. Sep 29, 1972 The 1st Miss Afghanistan Zohra Yusuf Daoud was crowned as the first Miss Afghanistan. There was no swimsuit competition, however, there was an evening gown competition. Oct 29, 1978 Decree is passed Compulsory education for girls. Bride price was abolished. Minimum legal age for marriage for girls was set at 16. Sep 29, 1984 Khatol Mohammadzai Khatol Mohammadzai became Afghanistan's first woman paratrooper. She later becomes a General in the Afghan National Army. Sep 30, 1989 The Soviets withdraw The Soviets withdrew from Afghanistan in defeat and disgrace. this was a great & consequential victory for Afghan fighters, achieved w/ assistance from the United States Sep 30, 1992 Civil War and the Taliban Afghanistan descended into a civil war that further ravaged the economy Jan 30, 1995 Taliban advances on Kabul The Taliban advanced on Kabul, squeezing Hekmatyar between their forces & the forces Defense Minister Masood Aug 30, 1998 Air Strikes The US border launched air strikes against training camps near the Pakistan border. Sep 30, 1998 Taliban take control The Taliban took control of the predominantly Hazara town of Bamian west of Kabul Jul 30, 1999 The Tashkent Declaration The Six Plus Two contact group issued the "Tashkent Declaration" which called on all parties to resolve the conflict thorugh peaceful political negoiation Oct 10, 1999 United States government declared political and economical sanction against the Taliban the United States government declared political and economical sanction against the Taliban regime in Afghanistan because of holding and supporting Saudi billionaire Ben Laden. Oct 25, 1999 Osma bin Laden Taliban offer talks between Afghanistan and the US Government including the future of Osma bin Laden Sep 5, 2000 Taloqan is captured The Taliban captured Taloqan Sep 30, 2000 Taliban become a sub army The Taliban became a sub army of Osama Bin Laden who began to pay the leaders of the Taliban and directly influenced the Taliban movement. Mar 30, 2001 The Taliban dynamites the Buddhas The Taliban dynamited the Buddhas of Bamiyan giant statues, greatworks of religion and art built in the 6th century Jun 30, 2001 Masood's regain territory Masood's forces had regained territory to the north & east of Taloqan but remained well outside the city itself. Sep 9, 2001 Al Qaeda Bombers Two Al Qaeda suicide bombers disguised as Arab reporters seeking to interview Ahmad Shan Masood with hidden bomb in a video camera and around their waist Jan 30, 2006 The Afghanistan Copmpact The Afghanistan Copmpact, went into effect to set goals for international assistance in economic development.