Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) established.
Public Recreation Movement
The first state parks were established, as were a number of state forest preserves and historic parks.
Young Women's Christian Association (YWCA) was established.
The first deisgnated national park was founded. ( Yellowstone)
1880-1990 Was of critical importance to the development of urban recreation and park programs. More than 80 cities initiated park systems.
University Settlement founded, a voluntary agency that offered significant leisure programs.
Hull House founded. The staffs sought to help poor people, particularly immigrants, adjust to modern urban life by providing services concerned with education, family life, and community improvement.
Sierra Club was founded. Encouraging national interest in outdoors and ultimately the establishment of the National Park Service.
US Forest Service and National Park Service established. Helped place many of the scattered forests, parks, and other sites under more clearly defined policies for acquisition, development and use.
President's Conference held. As a response, schools strengthened their programs of physical fitness, and many public recreation departments expanded their leisure activities to include fitness classes, conditioning, jogging, and sports.
Public recreation and park developments began to provide mobile recreation units offering cultural, social, and other special services.
Economic Opportunity Act, and Housing Urban Development Act provided assistance for locally directed recreational programs to be conducted by disadvantaged citizens in depressed urban neighborhoods.
Increased emphasis on developing social and recreational programs for aging persons. (Therapeutic Recreation)
Eunice Kennedy Shriver organized the first international Special Olympic Games.
1980's - Many recreation, park, and leisure-service agencies resorted to privatization.