Key Events Leading to American Independence

  • Stamp Act

    Stamp Act
    This is the first time Parliament placed a direct tax on the colonists. The Stamp Act taxed American legal documents, newspapers, pamphlets, and items such as dice and playing cards.
  • The Townshend Act

    The Townshend Act
    They were intended to raise revenue, tighten customs enforcement, and assert imperial authority in America. Levied import duties on glass, lead, paint paper and tea.
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    An incident that lead to the death of 5 civilians including Crispus Attucks, a black male, by the hands of British troops. Started from a tense situation due to the heavy presence of British soldiers, the rioting of the citizens provoked the troops to the point of firing at the people.
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    Boston officials refused to return 3 shiploads of taxed British tea. A group of colonists called the Sons of Liberty boarded the ships dressed as Native Americans and proceeded to dump crates of tea into the harbor.
  • First Continental Congress

    First Continental Congress
    Gathering at Philadelphia, Pennyslvania was held in response to the Intolerable Acts. They considered options in order to revolt against their British oppressors, such as boycotting and making a list of grievances.
  • Second Continental Congress

    Second Continental Congress
    Was held after early warfare in the American Revolution. They discussed raising armies, directing strategy, appointing diplomats, and making formal treaties.
  • Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence
    Written by Thomas Jefferson, the manuscript was basically a list of grievances against King George. They addressed the fact that the colonies are going to rule themselves from now on.
  • Articles of Confederation

    Articles of Confederation
    First draft of a constitution of the United States of America. Gave more power to the states and less power to the central governement.
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    Ratified by the Congress of the Confederation formally ended the American Revolution. America was now recognized as a independent nation by the rest of the world.