20th Century Music (sussex uni)

Timeline created by jmaffei
In Music
  • Premiere of Tristan and Isolde - Wagner

  • Wagner finished The Ring Cycle

  • Microphone invented by Emile Berliner

  • Wagner died

  • Exposition Universelle (1889) (Paris Exhibition)

  • Prélude à l'après-midi d'un faune by Debussy debuted, Paris

  • Radio signals were invented by Guglielmo Marconi

  • Schoengberg - Verklate Nacht

  • Mahler IV Debuts, Munich

  • Debussy's Pelléas and Mélisande are written, debuted at Opera Comique, Paris

    beginning of expressionism
  • Hungarian Folk Songs by Bela Bartok and Zoltan Kodaly published

    Sparked interest in central european music (exoticism)
  • Schoenberg's Chamber Symphony Op. 9

  • The Book of the Hanging Gardens by Schoenberg debuted

    "the Book of the Hanging Gardens uses the image of the garden as a metaphor of the destruction of traditional musical form. The garden portrayed in George’s poem, which Schoenberg puts to music, represent the highly organized traditional music Schoenberg broke away from. Baroque geometric gardens made popular during the Renaissance were seen as an “extension of architecture over nature.The destruction of the garden parallels the use of rationality to break away from the old forms of music
  • Schoenberg's String Quartet No. 2

    First steps into atonality.
  • Marinetti's Futurist Manifesto published in a newspaper, Italy

  • Debussy's Final book of Preludes published

  • Premiere of The Rite of Spring, Paris

  • ASCAP (American Society for Composers, Authors and Publishers)

  • Stravinsky - The Soldier's Tale

  • Arnold Schoenberg's Suite for Piano op. 25 completed

    The piece is the first example of full 12-tone composition. "I have made a discovery which will ensure the supremacy of German music for the next hundred years" - Schoenberg
  • Varese - Hyperprism

    Percussion, rhythm, harmonic stasis, timbre.
  • Messiaen - Quartet for the End of Time

    Composed in a prisoner of war camp in France for himself and inmates.
  • The atomic bomb

  • Mode de valeurs st d'intensités completed, Messiaen

    Not intended for publication Each particular pitch is assigned a rhythm, dynamic and duration
    -> This greatly influenced both Boulez and Stockhausen
  • Boulez - Structures

  • John Cage - 4'33"

  • Studie I by Stockhausen is completed

    first music to use sine waves in order to have complete audio control. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Studie_I
  • Stockhausen - Gesang der Juenglinge

  • Stockhausen - Kontake

  • Terry Riley - In C

  • Steve Reich - Come Out

  • Ligeti - Chamber Concerto

  • Personal computer invented by Xerox PARC

  • Glass - Einstein on the Beach

  • Jonathan Harvey - Mortuos Plango, Vivos Voco

  • John Adams - Nixon in China

  • World Wide Web invented by Tim Berners-Lee

  • John Adams - El Nino

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    Claude Debussy

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    Charles Ives

    Retrospective Godfather of the Experimental Tradition.
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    Arnold Schoenberg

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    Igor Stravinsky

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    Schoenberg's free atonal period

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    Stravinsky's Russian Period

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    John Cage

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    NYC as centre of cultural innovation

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    Srtavinsky's Neoclassical Period

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    Cold War

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    Stravinsky's Serial Period