1970s Space (By Kira, Nhi, Cesar)

Timeline created by honhi000
  • Apollo 13

    Apollo 13
    Apollo 13 is launched,but the SM oxygen tank explodes. Its Moon landing is aborted, and the crew return safely.
  • Soviet Luna 16

     Soviet Luna 16
    Soviet Luna 16 is launched, conducting the first successful return of lunar soil samples by an automatic spacecraft.
  • Mariner 9

    Mariner 9
    The United States launches Mariner 9, which becomes the first spacecraft to survey Mars from orbit.
  • Apollo 15

    Apollo 15
    Apollo 15 astronauts David Scott and James Irwin drive the first moon rover.
  • American Mariner 9

    American Mariner 9
    American Mariner 9 is the first spacecraft to orbit another planet, Mars. Over the next year, it maps 100 percent of the Martian surface.
  • Pioneer 10

    Pioneer 10
    Pioneer 10 is launched on an Atlas/Centaur/TE364-4 towards Jupiter by the U.S., designed to familiarize alien life with humans. It returns the first close-up images of Jupiter in 1973.
  • Cygnus X-1

    Cygnus X-1
    First Black Hole Candidate Astronomers designate Cygnus X-1 as the first probable black hole This binary star system emits strong bursts as X-rays as matter is crushed out of existence by the black hole.
  • Pioneer 11

    Pioneer 11
    Pioneer 11 is launched on an Atlas/Centaur/TE364-4, flying past Jupiter in 1974, and Saturn in 1979, where it discovers new rings.
  • American Mariner 10

    American Mariner 10
    American Mariner 10 is launched, on the first dual-planet mission. Over the next year, it returned photographs of Venus and Mercury.
  • SMS-1

    SMS-1
    NASA launches the first Synchronous Meteorological Satellite, SMS-1.
  • Soviet Salyut 3

    Soviet Salyut 3
    Soviet Salyut 3, their first military space station, is launched. It remains in orbit until January 1975.
  • American Apollo (18) and Soviet Soyuz (19)

    American Apollo (18) and Soviet Soyuz (19)
    American Apollo (18) and Soviet Soyuz 19 dock, the first international spacecraft rendezvous.
  • Soviet Venera 9 and 10

    Soviet Venera 9 and 10
    Soviet Venera 9 and 10 send the first pictures of the Venusian surface to Earth.
  • Viking 1

     Viking 1
    Pictures of the Martian surface are taken by Viking 1, the first U.S. attempt to soft land a spacecraft on another planet.
  • Viking 2

    Viking 2
    Viking 2 lands on Mars on the Plain of Utopia, where it discovered water frost.
  • Voyagers 1 and 2

    Voyagers 1 and 2
    August-September, 1977 - Voyagers 1 and 2 leave Earth to meet with Jupiter in 1979 and Saturn in 1980.
  • Soviet Salyut 6

    Soviet Salyut 6
    Soviet Salyut 6 space station is launched. Its crews include members from Czechoslovakia, Poland, GDR, Bulgaria, Hungary, Vietnam, Cuba, Mongolia, and Romania.
  • Einstein Observatory

    Einstein Observatory
    The Einstein Observatory begins its 30-day mission.
  • Two Pioneer spacecraft

    Two Pioneer spacecraft
    Two Pioneer spacecrafts reach Venus. One drops four probes into the atmosphere, while the other maps the surface.
  • Pioneer 11

    Pioneer 11
    Pioneer 11 reaches Saturn, flying to within 13,000 miles and taking the first close-up photographs.