FAMOUS “WARREN COURT” LEGAL DECISIONS (1957-1968)

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    FAMOUS “WARREN COURT” LEGAL DECISIONS

  • Roth v. United States

    Roth v. United States
    A landmark case before the United States Supreme Court which redefined the Constitutional test for determining what constitutes obscene material unprotected by the First Amendment.
  • Mapp v. Ohio

    Mapp v. Ohio
    A case decided in 1961 by the U.S. Supreme Court. Dollree Mapp was convicted in a state court of possessing pornographic material in violation of Ohio law. Her conviction was obtained on the basis of evidence taken by the police when they entered her home without a search warrant while looking for gambling materials. The Supreme Court declared that the exclusionary rule, which prohibits the use in federal court of evidence obtained through an illegal search, extended also to state courts.
  • Baker v. Carr

    Baker v. Carr
    A case decided in 1962 by the U.S. Supreme Court. Tennessee had failed to reapportion the state legislature for 60 years despite population growth and redistribution. Charles Baker, a voter, brought suit against the state (Joe Carr was a state official in charge of elections) in federal district court, claiming that the dilution of his vote as a result of the state's failure to reapportion violated the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution.
  • Gideon v. Wainwright

    Gideon v. Wainwright
    A landmark case in United States Supreme Court history. In the case, the Supreme Court unanimously ruled that state courts are required under the Sixth Amendment of the Constitution to provide counsel in criminal cases for defendants who are unable to afford their own attorneys.
  • Reynolds vs Sims

    Reynolds vs Sims
    The Supreme Court ruled that the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment requires that the legislative districts across states be equal in population. The case began in 1962, when the Supreme Court ruled that it had authority to review cases brought by individuals harmed by legislative apportionment or redistricting.
  • Escobedo v. Illinois

    Escobedo v. Illinois
    A United States Supreme Court case holding that criminal suspects have a right to counsel during police interrogations under the Sixth Amendment.
  • Griswold v. Connecticut

    Griswold v. Connecticut
    A landmark case in which the Supreme Court of the United States ruled that the Constitution protected a right to privacy. The case involved a Connecticut law that prohibited the use of contraceptives. By a vote of 7–2, the Supreme Court invalidated the law on the grounds that it violated the "right to marital privacy".
  • Engel v. Vitale

    Engel v. Vitale
    A landmark United States Supreme Court case that determined that it is unconstitutional for state officials to compose an official school prayer and require its recitation in public schools
  • Miranda v. Arizona

    Miranda v. Arizona
    A landmark 5-4 decision of the United States Supreme Court. The Court held that both inculpatory and exculpatory statements made in response to interrogation by a defendant in police custody will be admissible at trial only if the prosecution can show that the defendant was informed of the right to consult with an attorney before and during questioning and of the right against self-incrimination prior to questioning by police, and that the defendant understood this.