Suffragettes 745589

The Roaring Twenties (1920-1929)

  • Palmer Raids

    Palmer Raids
    Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer conducted two raids in November (1919) and January (1920) of suspected radicals and anarchists. 500 foreign citizens were deported as a result and this led to the Red Scare. Much of the public was upset about the disrespect for the legal process during these raids.
  • Prohibition Begins

    Prohibition Begins
    Prohibition in the United States, was the period from 1920 to 1933, during which the sale, manufacture, and transportation of alcohol was banned in the US as said in the 18th Amendment. Prohibition was aimed to lower crime and corruption, reduce social problems, and improve health and hygiene in America. However, Prohibtion made alcohol more dangerous to consume. Organized crime increased and corruption of police and public officials occurred.
  • Failure of Ratification of the Treaty of Versailles

    Failure of Ratification of the Treaty of Versailles
    The United States fails to ratify the Treaty of Versallies and join the UN. This decisions began a decade in which the US turned inward and failed to address the worsening problems of Europe.
  • 19th Amendment - Women's suffrage!

    19th Amendment - Women's suffrage!
    This new amendment prohibits any United States citizen to be denied the right to vote based on sex. The amendment was a culmination of the women's suffrage movement which was fought throughout the nation to achieve the vote. Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony were the original drafters of the amendment.
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    Presidency of Warren G. Harding

    During his presidential term: he approved a reduction in the income tax, an increase in tariff rates (under the Fordney-McCumber Act) and established the Bureau of the Budget. Harding wanted, at one time, to expose the great scandals in the administration but later decided against it. In August of 1923, he died in San Francisco of a heart attack.
  • Sheppard Towner Act

    Sheppard Towner Act
    Sheppard-Towner Maternity Act of 1921 provided federally financed instruction in maternal and infant health care. The act was created to encourage states to develop programs to better serve women at a lower income level. The Act ended with the Stock Market Crash of 1929 however, it is significant in women's history because it addressed the needs of women and children directly at a federal level.
  • Washington Conference

    Washington Conference
    Secretary of State Charles Evans Hughes initiated talks on naval disarmament, hoping to stabilize the size of the U.S Navy relative to that of other powers and to resolve conflicts in the Pacific.
  • Fordney-McCumber Tariff Act

    Fordney-McCumber Tariff Act
    Representative Joseph W. Fordney of Michigan and Senator Porter J. McCumber of North Dakota guided this legislation through Congress. It increased the tariff barriers on foreign manufactured goods which made it more difficult for European nations to trade and as a result pay off their war debts. This protective sheild against European manufactoring enabled the growth of monopolies in many American industries.
  • Five Power Naval Treaty

    Five Power Naval Treaty
    The leading Post-WWI naval powers of Britain, France, Italy, Japan and the United States concluded a landmark agreement that was intended to slow the Naval arms race and reduce the possibilities for future wars by limiting the naval armaments of its five signatories. The results of this treaty were significant as major world powers voluntarily reduced their navies.
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    Presidency of Calvin Coolidge

    Under Calvin Coolidge the Immigration Act of 1924 was established, the Kellogg-Briand Pact was created and many more. He was the successor to Harding and decidesdnot to run for office in 1928 (which is won by Repulican Herbert Hoover)
  • The Immigration Act (Johnson-Reed Act) of 1924

    The Immigration Act (Johnson-Reed Act) of 1924
    The Immigration Act of 1924, was a US federal law that limited the number of immigrants who could be admitted from any country to 2% of the number of people from that country who were already living in the United States in 1890, down from the 3% cap set by the Immigration Restriction Act of 1921 based on a Census of 1890. It was aimed at restricting the Southern and Eastern Europeans as well as prohibiting the East Asians and Asian Indians.
  • Dawes Plan (1924)

    Dawes Plan (1924)
    The plan established a cycle of payments flowing from the United States to Germany and from Germany to the Allies which was given back to the U.S. It was an attempt following World War I for the U.S. and the Allies to collect war reparations from Germany. After five years in use, it proved to be unsuccessful and pointless.
  • Scopes Trial

    Scopes Trial
    A young biology teacher named John Scopes challenged the state's ban on teaching Charles Darwin's theory of evolution in public schools. William Jennings Bryan argued against Scopes saying evolution cannot be taught because it is not in the Bible. It highlighted the controversy between Modernity vs. Tradition.
  • Nellie Tayloe Ross - First Woman Governor!

    Nellie Tayloe Ross - First Woman Governor!
    Nellie Tayloe Ross was nation's first female governor (14th governor of Wyoming). She remains the only woman to have served as Wyoming's governor to this date.
  • KKK March in Washington DC

    KKK March in Washington DC
    The March in Washington D.C. 35,000
    Ku Klux Klan known as the KKK preached Americanism based on racism, anti- Catholicism, anti- Communism, nativism, and anti-Semitism. At it’s peak in the 1920 approximately 4 million people were members of the KKK. The march on Washington demonstrated the public acceptance of the KKK and it’s views.
    Ku Klux Klan members march to show support for the KKK.
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    The Great Mississippi Flood

    Mississippi Flood FootageMississippi River Flood 1927
    This flood was one of the most powerful natural disasters of the 1900's. The flood was a result of heavy rains and levee failures. It covered an area of 27,000 square miles and cost over 350 million dollars in property damage.
  • Trial of Ferdinando Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti

    Trial of Ferdinando Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti
    Ferdinando Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were anarchists who were convicted of murdering two men during a 1920 armed robbery armed in South Braintree, Mass. After a controversial trial and a series of appeals, the two Italian immigrants were executed on August 23, 1927. The highly politicized dispute over their guilt or innocence, as well as whether or not the trials were fair was wildly disputed.
  • Kellogg-Briand Pact

    Kellogg-Briand Pact
    The Kellogg-Briand Pact (also known as the General Treaty for the Renunciation of War) was a multilateral pact focused on trying to outlaw war between Italy, Japan, Germany, UK, France, and the US. The pact was the result of a determined American effort to avoid involvement in the European alliance system.
  • St. Valentines Day Massacre

    St. Valentines Day Massacre
    Four men (believed to be part of Al Capone's gang) entered a warehouse claimed by opposing gang 'Moran Gang' on Valentine's Day. The newcomers opened fire on the Moran's and killed seven. The Massacre both shocked the public and symbolized gang violence. It confirmed popular images associating Chicago with mobsters, crime, and death.
  • 1929 Stock Market Crash

    1929 Stock Market Crash
    Newsreel - Market Crash
    This Stock Market Crash was one of the leading factors of the Great Depression. The cause of tthe Crash was the increased use of buying stocks "on margin". The Crash devestated the ecnomy and is also known as the Great Wallstreet Crash of 1929.