Surpreme Court Milestone

By killy
  • Creation of the Supreme Court

    Creation of the Supreme Court
    In the Judiciary Act of 1789, Congress spelled out the details of the Supreme Court and the federal judiciary. Courts were created in principal cities with one judge each.
  • John Jay

    John Jay
    The first Chief Justice of the Supreme Court was New York native John Jay. Appointed by George Washington.
  • John Marshall

    John Marshall
    John Marshall, a Revolutionary War veteran, is one of the most famous Chief Justices. Marshall was appointed to the Supreme Court under President John Adams
  • Marbury v. Madison

    Marbury v. Madison
    The doctrine of judicial review and the Supreme Court’s power as interpreter of the Constitution was established in the case of Marbury vs. Madison. "Checks and Balances"
  • Fletcher vs. Peck

    Fletcher vs. Peck
    In 1795, the state of Georgia divided a 35-million-acre region of land into four tracts and sold each to different development companies. Fletcher sued Peck saying he had no right to sell the land.
  • McCulloch v. Maryland

    McCulloch v. Maryland
    In 1816, Congress passed an act establishing the Second Bank of the United States, and in 1817 a branch opened in Baltimore, Maryland.
  • Gibbons v. Ogden

    Gibbons v. Ogden
    This case established that the power to regulate interstate commerce was granted to Congress by the Commerce Clause of the Constitution.
  • Dred-Scott v. Sanford

    Dred-Scott v. Sanford
    In March of 1857, the United States Supreme Court, led by Chief Justice Roger B. Taney, declared that all blacks -- slaves as well as free -- were not and could never become citizens of the United States. The court also declared the 1820 Missouri Compromise unconstitutional, thus permiting slavery in all of the country's territories. The case before the court was that of Dred Scott v. Sanford.