Italian Renaissance

  • Jan 1, 1400

    Italian Renaissance

    Actual date unknown. The Italian Renaissance started during the 1400s and continued on until about 1620.
  • Apr 15, 1452

    Leonardo da Vinci

    Da Vinci was one of the most remarkable individuals of the Italian Renaissance after he established himself as a painter, sculptur, engineer, and scientist.
  • Jan 1, 1454

    Johann Gutenberg- printing press

    Actual date unknown. Gutenberg is credited with the invention of the printing press making literature more accessible to the world. Plays can now be printed and lines can be learned through scripts.
  • May 3, 1469

    Niccolo Machiavelli

    On May 3, 1469, Niccolo Machiavelli was born. He was one of Italy's greatest known men and playwrights.
  • Mar 6, 1475

    Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni

    One of the most famous painters, sculptors, architects, poets, and engineers of all time was Michelangelo. One of his most famous sculpures is David. Michelangelo also worked on the walls of the Sistine Chapel in Rome.
  • Jan 1, 1513

    The Prince is published

    Actual date unknown. Niccolo Machiavelli published his most well known work in 1513 called 'The Prince'. This work outlines the argument that it is better for a ruler to be feared than loved.
  • Jan 1, 1545

    commedia dell'arte

    Actual date unknown. Commedia dell'arte is the 'comedy of the trade' and means professional actors are within the production. There were no scripts in this type of theater and all lines were improvised. There is record of such a company performing in Italy in 1545.
  • Apr 26, 1564


    Shakespeare was baptized on this day and his actual birthday is unknown. Shakespeare was the greatest playwright of all time in any renaissance period. Among his greatest works are Romeo and Juliet, Macbeth, and Hamlet.
  • Italian Opera

    Actual date unknown. Italian opera originated in about 1600 and is still playing a dominant role in theatre today.
  • Teatro Farnese

    Actual date unknown. The Teatro Farnese was the first theater in Italy during the renaissance with a permanent proscenium arch.
  • Carlo Goldoni

    Carlo Goldoni was an Italian dramatist who brought regular comedy in Italy back to life. He began his career by writing opera librettos, and then started to get into writing plays. Goldoni wrote about 160 plays in his lifetime.
  • Regio di Parma

    Actual date unknown. Opened in 1829, it was one of the very first playhouses in Italy to adopt a gas lighting system and the Parisian-built, great bronze chandelier is still in perfect working order. Today, the theater is considered the home of Italian melodrama.