Socio-Political Context of Roe v. Wade By hyrodi Period: Jan 1, 1950 to Jan 1, 1980 Socio-Legal-Political Context of Roe v. Wade Jan 20, 1953 Inauguration of Dwight D. Eisenhower Jun 10, 1957 The FDA approves "The Pill" (Enovid) for public use The FDA approves the first COCP (Combined Oral Contraceptive Pill), a move which helped usher in the sexual revolution of the 1960s. Oct 4, 1957 Launch of Sputnik and beginning of space race Jan 20, 1961 President John F. Kenedy is inaugurated. President Kennedy is inaugurated. Feb 25, 1963 Betty Friedan publishes "The Feminine Mystique" Betty Friedan publishes "The Feminine Mystique," starting the Second Wave Feminism movement. Nov 22, 1963 Assassination of John F. Kennedy in Dallas motorcade. Kennedy was assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald. Jan 10, 1964 Protests at Berkeley against Vietnam War Mar 17, 1964 Counterculture movement begins on West Coast Aug 4, 1964 First U.S. combatants enter Vietnam The Vietnam War was one of the most politically divisive events of the 1960's and 1970's. Jun 7, 1965 Supreme Court rules on Griswold v. Connecticut Supreme Court decided that the use of ctraceptives was a "right of privacy" issue and ruled that married women in all states had a right to access oral contraceptives. Jan 20, 1969 Inauguration of President Richard M. Nixon Jun 15, 1969 Norma McCorvey (Jane Roe) discovers pregnancy Jul 20, 1969 Neil Armstrong sets foot on the Moon Aug 15, 1969 The iconic Woodstock Festival is held in New York Woodstock Festival was held beginning 15 August 1969. It eventually became a symbol of the changes and movements of the turbulent 1960s. Jun 17, 1970 U.S. District Court rules in favor of Roe Dec 12, 1971 Roe reaches Supreme Court on appeal; 1st hearing Feb 8, 1972 Doe v. Bolton simultaneously heard by Supreme Court Mar 22, 1972 Supreme Court rules on Eidenstadt v. Baird Supreme Court decided that unmarried couples (and women) had the same rights accorded to married couples and thus had the constitutional right to access oral contraceptives. Mar 22, 1972 Equal Rights Amendment passes both houses of Congress The title pretty much says it. Nov 7, 1972 Seocnd hearing for Roe v. Wade for Supreme Court Jan 22, 1973 Supreme Court rules on Roe v. Wade, legalizing abortion Supreme Court rules that anti-abortion statutes in most states are unconstitutional. May 5, 1973 National Right to Life Committee incorporated Aug 8, 1974 Watergate scandal and resignation of Nixon Apr 29, 1975 Last U.S. forces exit Vietnam conflict in Saigon. This marked the end of official U.S. involvement in Vietnam.