European imperialism

The Imperialism Era

  • The Teller Amendment

    The Teller Amendment
    The U.S. recognized and helped Cuba in order to attain its independence. They also adopted the Teller amendment which said that once Cuba had independence, The United States would leave the governing of the island to its own people.
  • Annexation of Hawaii

    Annexation of Hawaii
    After making contact with Hawaii, the United States found its use for cultivation because of rich soil. Sugar especially was found to be useful and later became exempt from U.S. tariffs after the Unites states already brought in many foreign workers who soon outnumbered Hawaiians themselves
  • Spanish-American War

    Spanish-American War
    Cubans began to revolt against their ties to Spain in order to become independent. When outburst began between Cuban and it’s leader, America stepping in in order to make alliances with Cuba because they felt it was advantageous to them. While conflicts continued in the fight for Cuba’s independence and violence increased, the United States brought in troops in order to protect Cuba and later on, the Philippines as well.
  • The McKinley Tariff

    The McKinley Tariff
    Enacted by congress, the McKinley Tariff ended Hawaii’s favored position in the sugar trade. It permitted all countries to ship sugar duty-free to the United States. This gave U.S. producers a subsidy of 2 cents per lb. making prices drop and Hawaiian economy suffer.
  • Annexation of the Philippines

    Annexation of the Philippines
    The first war with Spain broke out in the Philippine Islands with US troops led by George Dewey. After much violence, Dewey was successful in capturing the small islands and was officially surrendered them on August 14, 1898.
    Roosevelt Corollary
  • The Boxer Rebellion

    The Boxer Rebellion
    The Chinese resented foreign countries and formed into a secret society called the Fists of Righteous Harmony-or boxers. The boxers circulated handbills to continue the hatred of others. Boxers attacked western missionaries and traders in northern China and was called the Boxer Rebellion. Some government officials actually supported this uprising. After 8 weeks of siege international forces rescued the foreigners as this led to distrust between China and foreign companies.
  • The Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty

    The Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty
    during the struggles of the building, the Hay- Bunau Varilla Treaty was established- giving the United States complete sovereignty over a 10 mile wide canal zone.
  • The Roosevelt Corollary

    The Roosevelt Corollary
    Roosevelt issued the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine in order to keep the Dominican Republic from falling in debt to Europe. He followed a West African proverb which said “Speak softly and carry a big stick; you will go far. Roosevelt then pledged to use armed forces to protect Dominican territory and repaid the Europeans by collecting all Dominican customs duties. In 1916, the Dominican Republic was shaken and protected by the U.S. Marines until 1924.
  • The Great White Fleet

    The Great White Fleet
    The great white fleet was a tactic to show how the United States military has grown. It consisted of 16 battleships that circumnavigated the globe from late 1907 to early 1909. The Unites States was persistent to show that navigating long trips over-seas could be peaceful rather than perilous.
  • The Dollar Diplomacy

    The Dollar Diplomacy
    Taft encouraged “substituting dollars for bullets” as a means of protecting U.S. interests in Latin America and Asia. He also suggested replacing European loans with American ones to increase U.S. economic power. In June 1911, Nicaragua agreed to private loans from America if Nicaraguan leaders allowed the U.S. military welcome at any time to protect their own investments.
  • U.S. and the Panama Canal

    U.S. and the Panama Canal
    The United States wanted to cut travel time for trading and better economy. They proposed digging a canal through Panama. The project began and was led by Ferdinand de Lesseps of French, but after 20,000 lives, and 280 million lost, he abandoned the project. A treaty was proposed by Columbia and angered Roosevelt. Soon, Panama plotted a revolution against Columbia and was successful. Work began again in 1904 and after a large struggle was finished and in operation on August 15, 1914.