WWII part 2

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  • Douglas MacArthur

    American general and field marshal of the Philippine Army who was Chief of Staff of the United States Army during the 1930s and played a prominent role in the Pacific theater during World War II
  • Atomic Weapons

    an explosive device that derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions, either fission or a combination of fission and fusion
  • Island Hopping

    a strategy used in the Pacific theater whereby selected islands were secured by allied forces
  • Chester W. Nimitz

    held the dual command of Commander in Chief, United States Pacific Fleet
    a five-star admiral of the United States Navy
  • George Marshall

    Army Chief of Staff that coordinated the war effort from Washington, D.C.
  • Flying Tigers

    1st American Volunteer Group of the Chinese Air Force
  • George S. Patton

    brash American General and brilliant tank commander that led the 3rd Army of the United States in the final assault on Germany
  • Holocaust

    was the mass murder or genocide of approximately six million Jews during World War II
  • Conventional Weapons

    weapons that are in relatively wide use that are not weapons of mass destruction
  • Omar Bradley

    senior U.S. Army field commander in North Africa and Europe during World War II
  • Bataan Death March

    forced march of 90,000 to 100,000 American and Filipino prisoners of war captured by the Japanese in the Philippines in the early stages of World War II. Starting out from Mariveles, on the southern end of the Bataan Peninsula, on April 9, 1942, they were force-marched 55 miles to San Fernando
  • Merchant Marines

    Merchant Marine is the fleet of U.S. civilian-owned merchant vessels
  • Battle of Midway

    considered the decisive battle of the war in the Pacific. Before this battle the Japanese were on the offensive, capturing territory throughout Asia and the Pacific. By their attack, the Japanese had planned to capture Midway to use as an advance base, as well as to entrap and destroy the U.S. Pacific Fleet. Because of communication intelligence successes, the U.S. Pacific Fleet surprised the Japanese forces, sinking the four Japanese carriers
  • Dwight Eisenhower

    commander of the Allied forces in Europe who led the D-Day invasion and later was elected President of the United States
  • Multiple Front War

    fighting on land and at sea
  • Navajo Code Talkers

    native americans that used their lang to communicate
  • Tuskegee Airmen

    African-American pilots who fought in World War II
  • Operation Overlord

    was the code-name given to the Allied invasion of France scheduled for June 1944
  • Liberty Ships

    designed for "Emergency" construction by the United States Maritime Commission in World War II
  • D-Day Invasion

    160,000 Allied troops landed along a 50-mile stretch of heavily-fortified French coastline to fight Nazi Germany on the beaches of Normandy, France
  • Concentration Camp

    a camp in which people are detained or confined, usually under harsh conditions and without regard to legal norms of arrest and imprisonment that are acceptable in a constitutional democracy
  • Congressional Medal of Honor

    The highest U.S. military decoration, awarded in the name of Congress to members of the armed forces for gallantry and bravery beyond the call of duty in action against an enemy.
  • Potsdam Conference

    leaders met at Potsdam, Germany, near Berlin. In this, the last of the World War II heads of state conferences, President Truman, Soviet Premier Stalin and British Prime Ministers Churchill and Atlee discussed post-war arrangements in Europe