After a ruthless battle, the French were defeated at the Battle of Dien
The Geneva Accords calls for a peace-fire and divides Vietnam
The Geneva Accords calls for a peace-fire for the withdrawal of the French from Vietnam and provides a temporary boundary between North and South Vietnam at the 17th parallel.
South Vietnam elects their new president Ngo Dinh Diem
South Vietnam declares itself the Republic of Vietnam and elects their new president Ngo Dinh Diem
My Lai massacre
A unit of Charlie Company slaughtered between 200 and 500 unarmed villagers in the village of My Lai. Led by Lieutenant William Calley, the platoon is ordered to enter the village firing.
Vietcong or National Liberation Front (NLF) was a political organization in South Vietnam and Cambodia that attack South Vietnam and United States. They used guerrila warfare.
JFK and Diem meet
Following a meeting between President Diem and Kennedy, the United States agrees to increase the number of American advisors in Vietnam from 340 to 805.
President Johnson declares he will not "lose Vietnam" during a meeting with Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge in Washington.
While in a meeting with Henry Cabot Lodge, ambassador of America in Vietnam, in Washington Presidant Johnson declares he will not "lose Vietnem" to communism while he was in office. he didnt want to see Vietnam go the way China had.
Ngo Dinh Diem is assassinated
South Vietnam's President Diem is overthrown in a military coup and is assassinated. The coup takes place with the tacit approval of the United States.
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
was a joint resolution which the United States Congress passed by President Johnson on August 7, 1964 in response to a sea battle between the North Vietnamese Navy's Torpedo Squadron 135 and the destroyer USS Maddox on August 2 and an alleged second naval engagement between North Vietnamese boats and the US destroyers USS Maddox and USS Turner Joy on August 4 in the Tonkin Gulf; both naval actions are known collectively as the Gulf of Tonkin Incident.
Operation Rolling Thunder
American bombing raids of North Vietnam, called Operation Rolling Thunder, begin in February. The nearly continuous air raids would go on for three years.
Massive anti-war protests held in the U.S.
Massive protests are held throughout the US against the war. Protestors in New York City's Central Park, burn 200 draft cards.
North Vietnam troops went in South Vietnam and succssefully attacked their capitol, proving that this won't be an easy war to win.
Ho Chi Ming dies
Minh died September 2 1969. Following his death Nixon began to decrease ground units in Vietnam due to the growing American disregard for the war.
Fighting spreads to Cambodia
President Nixon Extends the Vietnam War to Cambodia where he starts a secret bombing campaign that he keeps secret from public.
President Nixon announces U.S. and South Vietnamese incursion into Cambodia
President Nixon announces a U.S. and South Vietnamese incursion into Cambodia in response to continuing Communist gains against Lon Nol's forces. The incursion is also intended to weaken overall NVA military strength as a prelude to U.S. departure from Vietnam.
Kent State shootings
Also known as May 4 massacre. Anti-war protesters were protesting when Ohio National Guards fired at the unarmed students. 4 students were killed and 9 wounded
The Last U.S. troops are withdrawn from Veitnam
The very last of the U.S. troops in Vietnam are withdrawn.
The war ends
North Vietnamese troops invade South Vietnam and take control of the whole country after South Vietnamese President Duong Van Minh surrenders.