Vietnam during the French Colonial Era from 1862-1945

  • France Invades

    France invades Saigon, then continues to invade Laos and Cambodia. This leads to the creation of French Indochina.
  • Period: to

    Vietnam timeline

  • France divides Vietnam

    France divides up Vietnam into three regions: Tonkin, Annam, Cochin China. French uses water management to open new agricultural land in Mekong Delta.
  • Petition President Woodrow Wilson

    Nguyen Ai Quoc (Ho Chi Minh) emerges in Paris at end of World War I and tries to petition President Woodrow Wilson for self-determination of Vietnam.
  • Alphabet transcription

    Widespread adoption of Roman alphabet transcription of Vietnamese to replace Chinese characters.
  • New religion

    New religion of Cao Dai founded in southern region.
  • Two communist parties founded

    Two communist parties founded in north to resist French rule, but heavily repressed.
  • WWII begins

    World War II begins. Japan invades Vietnam.
  • Viet Minh league organized

    Viet Minh pro-Independence league organized by Ho Chi Minh (returning from exile) and Vo Nguyen Giap.
  • Independence in Vietnam

    Japanese surrender. Ho Chi Minh declares independence and unification of French colonial provinces as Vietnam.