Victoria Vincent's 1970s Timeline for Mr. Elliott

Timeline created by twigglersv
In History
  • Period: to

    1970s

  • Apollo 13 mission suffers huge setback

    James A. Lovell Jr., Ken Mattingly, and Fred W. Haise Jr. were the crew that piloted the Apollo 13 mission on April 11, 1970. Their goal was to land on the moon but this goal was foiled because an oxygen tank ruptured, severely damaging the spacecraft's electrical system. Despite this unfortunate event the crew survived by relying on the lunar modules supplies. The crew landed back on earth by crashing into the water on April 17, 1970. This mission was considered by NASA as a “successful failure
  • First Earth Day

    Earth Day was founded by US Senator Gaylord Nelson. People felt that the environment was a non-issue for the US. They wanted a day to inspire awareness and appreciation for the earth. April 22, 1970. In 1990, it finally became international. It is now coordinated by the Earth Day Network. It is celebrated in over 175 countries each year. It is celebrated for the awareness of the environment, for energy conservation, and the protection of endangered animals.
  • Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Ed

    on October 12, 1970 the case of Swann v. charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Ed entered the Supreme Court. Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg was an important United States Supreme Court case dealing with the busing of students to promote integration in public schools. This was a remedy for the problem of racial imbalance among schools, even where the imbalance resulted from the selection of students based on geographic proximity to the school rather than from deliberate assignment based on race.
  • EPA is created

    Richard Nixon made the Environmental Protection Agency on December 2, 1970 in Washington D.C. To do something about the deteriorating conditions of water, air, and land. EPA was established to consolidate in one agency a variety of federal research, monitoring, standard-setting and enforcement activities to ensure environmental protection.
  • World Trade Center is Completed

    Minoru Yamasaki, Emery Roth and Sons consulting, and engineers John Skilling and Leslie Robertson of Worthington, Skilling, Helle and Jackson all had a part in developing and constructing the world trade center in New York. They stared building it on August 1968 and finished on December 23, 1970. The reason for building the world trade center was so business men could do business in the United States and with other countries. This was before the internet.
  • Cigarette ads are banned on TV

    It was banned on TV because too many little kid and teenagers could have been watching it. So they banned it so they would not have kids go buy cigarettes. January 2, 1971
  • South Vietnam and U.S. invade Laos

    In 1969, Nixon’s administration began to withdraw troops from Vietnam. Bombing raids, though, were intensified. The war shifted from Vietnam to neighboring Cambodia and Laos. In April of 1970, President Nixon ordered an invasion of Cambodia, and the North Vietnamese were forced to use more supply routes through Laos. In February of 1971 The Army of the Republic of Vietnam troops invaded Laos in a disastrous raid. The fighting lasted for 45 days, and killed or wounded more than half of the ARVN’s
  • First Benefit Concert organized for Bangladesh by George Harrison

    The Concert for Bangladesh was the event title for two benefit concerts organized by George Harrison, a former beetle and Ravi Shankar, which took place at noon on August 1, 1971, playing to a total of 40,000 people at Madison Square Garden in New York City. Organized for the relief of refugees from East Pakistan (now independent Bangladesh) after the 1970 Bhola cyclone and during the 1971 Bangladesh Liberation War and atrocities, the event was the first benefit concert of this magnitude.
  • Attica State Prison Riots

    This occurred at the Attica Correctional Facility in Attica, New York, in 1971. The riot was based in part upon prisoners' demands for better living conditions, and was led in large part by a small band of political revolutionaries. On September 9, 1971, responding to the death of prisoner George Jackson, about 1,000 of the prison's approximately 2,200 prisoners rioted and seized control of the prison, Taking 33 staff hostage. When the uprising was over, at least 39 people were dead.
  • The microprocessor is introduced

    The first microprocessors emerged in the early 1970s and were used for electronic calculators. The first known advertisement for the 4004 is dated November 1971 and appeared in Electronic News. The project that produced the 4004 originated in 1969.
  • London Bridge Brought to the U.S

    It was falling apart, so when millionaires wanted people to come to their little town they went to London and bought the bridge. This became the Lake Havasu Bridge. It was built in 1971. The purchaser, Robert McCulloch, was the founder of Lake Havasu which purchased the bridge to serve as a tourist attraction to his retirement real estate development at Lake Havasu City, which at that time was far off the usual tourist track. The idea was successful.
  • Pocket Calculators Introduced

    The HP-35 Scientific Calculator, so called because it had 35 keys, was introduced in 1972. It was the world's first handheld scientific calculator. In one of the most amazing displacements in the history of technology, the HP-35 Scientific Calculator electronic calculator, and others like it, quickly replaced the faithful slide rule that had been used by generations of engineers and scientists for rapid calculation and simple computation.
  • Nixon visits China

    U.S. President Richard Nixon's 1972 visit to the People's Republic of China was an important step in formally normalizing relations between the United States and the People's Republic of China. It marked the first time a U.S. president had visited the PRC, who at that time considered the U.S. one of its staunchest foes. The visit has become a metaphor for an unexpected or uncharacteristic action by a politician. February 21-28, 1972
  • First successful video game (Pong) launched

    Bushnell and Dabney felt they did not receive enough earnings by licensing Computer Space to Nutting Associates and founded Atari, Inc. in 1972 before releasing their next game: Pong. Pong was the first arcade video game with widespread success. The game is loosely based on table tennis: a ball is "served" from the center of the court and as the ball moves towards their side of the court each player must maneuver their paddle to hit the ball back to their opponent.
  • Nixon visits Soviet Union

    Improved relations with the Soviet Union and the PRC are often cited as the most successful diplomatic achievements of Nixon’s presidency. After World War II, Americans saw relations between the United States and the Soviet Union deteriorating and Many Americans felt concern communists might cause the downfall of schools or labor unions. One of the main reasons Richard Nixon became the 1952 Vice-president candidate on the Eisenhower ticket was his strong anti-communism stance.
  • Watergate Scandal Begins:

    Men hired by the Nixon re-election team broke into the Democratic headquarters at the Watergate building to get info they could use in the election. When discovered, Nixon, who did not approve the break-in, covered it up, instead of turning them in, tried to kill the investigation, resulting in the Watergate cover-up, interfering with an ongoing police investigation, and other illegal moves. Had he turned over the men, he would have never been forced to resign.
  • Mark Spitz Wins Seven Gold Medals

    At the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich (West Germany), Spitz was back to maintain his bid for the six gold medals. He did even more, winning seven Olympic gold medals. Further, Spitz set a new world record in each of the seven events. Originally Spitz was reluctant to swim the 100m freestyle fearing a less than gold medal finish.
  • Terrorists Attack at the Olympic Games in Munich

    5– 6 September The Munich massacre is an informal name for events that occurred during the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, Bavaria in Southern Germany, when members of the Israeli Olympic team were taken hostage and eventually murdered by the Islamic terrorist group Black September. By the end of the ordeal, the terrorists had killed 11 Israeli athletes and coaches and 1 West German police officer.
  • M*A*S*H T.V. Show Premiers

    M*A*S*H is an American television series developed by Larry Gelbart, adapted from the 1970 feature film MASH. The series is a medical drama/black comedy that was produced in association with 20th Century Fox Television for CBS. It follows a team of doctors and support staff stationed at the "4077th Mobile Army Surgical Hospital" in Uijeongbu, South Korea, during the Korean War. M*A*S*H premiered 9/17/72.
  • HBO launched

    HBO, an initials’ of its full (legal) name Home Box Office, is an American premium cable television network, owned by Time Warner. HBO's programming consists primarily of theatrically-released motion pictures, along with original series, made-for-cable movies and documentaries, and occasional boxing matches. Launched November 8, 1972.
  • Abortion Legalized in U.S.

    Abortion in the United States has been legal in every state since the United States Supreme Court decision in Roe v. Wade, on January 22, 1973. Prior to "Roe", there were exceptions to the abortion ban in at least 10 states; "Roe" established that a woman has a right to self-determination (often referred to as a "right to privacy") covering the decision whether or not to carry a pregnancy to term, but that this right must be balanced against a state's interest in preserving fetal life.
  • Sears Tower Built

    Willis Tower (formerly named, and still commonly referred to as Sears Tower) is a 108-story, skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois. At the time of its completion in 1973, it was the tallest building in the world, surpassing the World Trade Center towers in New York, and it held this rank for nearly 25 years. The Willis Tower is the tallest building in the United States and the fifth-tallest freestanding structure in the world, as well as the fifth tallest building in the world to the roof.
  • Paul Getty Kidnapped

    On 10 July 1973, Getty was kidnapped in the Piazza Farnese in Rome. A ransom note was received, demanding $17 million in exchange for his safe return. When that ransom message arrived, some family members suspected the kidnapping was merely a ploy by the rebellious youngster as he had frequently joked about staging his own kidnapping to extract money from his frugal grandfather. He was blindfolded and imprisoned in a mountain hideout.
  • OPEC doubles price of oil

    The 1973 oil crisis started in October 1973, when the members of Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries or the OAPEC (consisting of the Arab members of OPEC, plus Egypt, Syria and Tunisia) proclaimed an oil embargo "in response to the U.S. decision to re-supply the Israeli military" during the Yom Kippur war; it lasted until March 1974.
  • The War Powers Act

    The War Powers Resolution of 1973 is a U.S. federal law intended to restrict the power of the President to commit the United States to an armed conflict without the consent of Congress. This provides that the President can send U.S. armed forces into action abroad only by authorization of Congress. Became a law on November 7, 1973
  • UPC Barcodes come to US

    The Universal Product Code (UPC) is a barcode symbology (i.e., a specific type of barcode), that is widely used in North America, and in countries including the UK, Australia, and New Zealand for tracking trade items in stores.
  • Endangered Species Act:

    The Endangered Species Act of 1973 is one of the dozens of United States environmental laws passed in the 1970s. Signed into law by President Richard Nixon on December 28, 1973, it was designed to protect critically imperiled species from extinction as a "consequence of economic growth and development untempered by adequate concern and conservation."
  • National speed limit 55

    The National Maximum Speed Law (NMSL) in the United States was a provision of the 1974 Emergency Highway Energy Conservation Act that prohibited speed limits higher than 55 mph (90 km/h). It was drafted in response to oil price spikes and supply disruptions during the 1973 oil crisis. The uniform speed limit was signed into law by President Nixon on January 2, 1974 and became effective 60 days later.
  • Patty Hearst Kidnapped

    Patricia Campbell Hearst, now known as Patricia Campbell Hearst Shaw. After her kidnapping by the Symbionese Liberation Army she ultimately joined her captors in furthering their cause. Apprehended after having taken part in a bank robbery with other SLA members, Hearst was imprisoned for almost two years before her sentence was commuted by President Jimmy Carter. She was later granted a presidential pardon by President Bill Clinton in his last official act before leaving office.
  • Girls allowed to play in Little League Baseball

    From 1951 through 1974, Little League was for boys only. In 1974, Little League rules were revised to allow participation by girls in the baseball program following the result of a lawsuit filed by the National Organization for Women on behalf of Maria Pepe.
  • U.S. President Nixon Resigns

    The most immediate task facing President Nixon was a resolution of the Vietnam War. He initially escalated the conflict, overseeing incursions into neighboring countries, though American military personnel were gradually withdrawn and he successfully negotiated a ceasefire with North Vietnam in 1973, effectively ending American involvement in the war. He resigned on August 9, 1974. He was later pardoned by his successor, Gerald Ford, for any federal crimes he may have committed while in office.
  • Gerald Ford pardons Nixon

    On September 8, 1974, Ford issued Proclamation 4311, which gave Nixon a full and unconditional pardon for any crimes he may have committed against the United States while President. This probably caused Ford the election.
  • Freedom of Information Act passed over Ford’s veto

    The documents include President Ford's handwritten notation on his first legislative briefing document after succeeding President Nixon in August 1974 that “a veto presents problems How serious are our objections?" White House aide Ken Cole wrote Ford on September 25, 1974, "There is little question that the legislation is bad on the merits, the real question is whether opposing it is important enough to face the political consequences.
  • President Ford assassination attempts (2):

    In January 1975, Ford proposed a 1 year tax reduction of $16 billion to stimulate economic growth, along with spending cuts to avoid inflation. Ford was criticized greatly for quickly switching from advocating a tax increase to a tax reduction. In Congress, the proposed amount of the tax reduction increased to $22.8 billion in tax cuts and lacked spending cuts.
  • Microsoft Founded

    Microsoft Corporation was established on April 4, 1975 to develop and sell BASIC interpreters for the Altair 8800, Microsoft rose to dominate the home computer operating system market with MS-DOS in the mid-1980s, followed by the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems.
  • Karen Ann Quinlan

    Quinlan became unconscious after arriving home from a party. The paramedics arrived and took her to the hospital, where she lapsed into a persistent vegetative state. After she was kept alive on a ventilator for several months without improvement, her parents requested the hospital to stop active care and allow her to die. The hospital refused, and the subsequent legal battles made newspaper headlines and set significant precedents. The tribunal eventually ruled in her parents' favor.
  • Catalytic converters introduced on cars

    A catalytic converter is a device used to reduce the array of emissions from an internal combustion engine. A catalytic converter works by using a catalyst to stimulate a chemical reaction in which the by-products of combustion are converted to produce less harmful and/or inert substances, such as the very poisonous carbon monoxide to carbon dioxide. In automobiles, this typically results in 90% conversion of carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons, and nitrogen oxides into less harmful gases.
  • Saigon falls to communism

    At 4:03 a.m., April 30th, 1975, two U.S. Marines were killed in a rocket attack at Saigon's Tan Son Nhut airport. They were the last Americans to die in the Vietnam War. At dawn, the remaining marines of the force guarding the U.S. Embassy lifted off. Only hours later, South Vietnamese looters ransacked the embassy as Soviet-supplied tanks, operated by North Vietnamese, rolled south on National Highway 1. On the morning of April 30th, Communist forces captured the presidential palace in Saigon,
  • Betamax VCR’s released

    Betamax (sometimes called Beta) is a home videocassette tape recording format developed by Sony, released on May 10, 1975. The cassettes contain 1/2-inch (12.7mm)-wide videotape in a design similar to the earlier, professional 3/4-inch (19.05mm) U-matic format. The format is generally considered obsolete, though it is still used in specialist applications by a small minority of people.
  • Jimmy Hoffa disappears

    Hoffa disappeared at, or sometime after, 2:45 pm on July 30, 1975, from the parking lot of the Machus Red Fox Restaurant in Bloomfield Township, a suburb of Detroit. According to what he had told others, he believed he was to meet there with two Mafia leaders—Anthony Giacolone from Detroit, and Anthony Provenzano from Union City, New Jersey and New York City.[21]
  • Arthur Ashe First Black Man to Win Wimbledon

    In 1975, Ashe won Wimbledon, unexpectedly defeating Jimmy Connors in the final. He also won the season ending championship WCT Finals. Arthur played for several more years, but after being slowed by heart surgery in 1979, he retired in 1980.Ashe remains the only black man to ever win the singles title at Wimbledon, the US Open, or Australian Open.
  • Francisco Franco dies

    Francisco Paulino Hermenegildo Teódulo de Franco (20 November 1975), commonly known as Franco, was a Spanish military general and head of state of Spain from October 1936 (whole nation from 1939 onwards), and de facto regent of the nominally restored Kingdom of Spain from 1947 until his death in November 1975. As head of state, Franco used the title Caudillo de España, por la gracia de Dios, meaning Leader of Spain, by the grace of God.
  • Red Dye #2 is banned

    In the 1970s, Soviet scientists claimed a link between the dye — used in everything from sausage casings and ice cream to makeup — and cancer, and U.S. tests proved some correlation as well. Though it was never linked to any deaths or illnesses, the substance was banned from U.S. shelves in 1976.
  • Legionnaire’s disease strikes 182, kills 29

    Legionellosis is a potentially fatal infectious disease caused by Gram negative, aerobic bacteria belonging to the genus Legionella. Legionellosis takes two distinct forms: Legionnaires' disease, also known as "Legion Fever", is the more severe infection and produces pneumonia. Pontiac fever is caused by the same bacteria but produces a milder respiratory illness without pneumonia that resembles acute influenza.
  • Apple Computer launched

    Established on April 1, 1976 in Cupertino, California, and incorporated January 3, 1977, the company was previously named Apple Computer, Inc., for its first 30 years, but removed the word "Computer" on January 9, 2007, to reflect the company's ongoing expansion into the consumer electronics market in addition to its traditional focus on personal computers.
  • Nadia Comaneci Given Seven Perfect Tens

    At the age of 14, Comăneci became one of the stars of the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal. During the team portion of the competition, her routine on the uneven bars was scored at a 10.0. It was the first time in modern Olympic gymnastics history that the score had ever been awarded. The scoreboards were not even equipped to display scores of 10.0—so Nadia's perfect marks were reported on the boards as 1.00 instead.
  • Mao Tse-tung dies

    September 9 was chosen because it was an easy day to remember. Mao had been in poor health for several years and had declined visibly for at least 6 months prior to his death. His body was later placed into the Mausoleum of Mao Zedong, even though he had wished to be cremated and had been one of the first high-ranking officials to sign the "Proposal that all Central Leaders be Cremated after Death" in November 1956.
  • Miniseries Roots Airs

    Roots are a 1977 American television miniseries based on Alex Haley's work Roots: the Saga of an American Family. Roots received 36 Emmy Award nominations, winning nine; it also won a Golden Globe and a Peabody Award. It received unprecedented Nielsen ratings with the finale still standing as the third-highest rated U.S. television program ever. It was shot on a budget of $6 million.
  • Alaskan Pipeline completed

    The pipeline was built between 1974 and 1977 after the 1973 oil crisis caused a sharp rise in oil prices in the United States. This rise made exploration of the Prudhoe Bay oil field economically feasible. Environmental, legal, and political debates followed the discovery of oil at Prudhoe Bay in 1968, and the pipeline was built only after the oil crisis provoked the passage of legislation designed to remove legal challenges to the project.
  • New York City blackout

    The New York City Blackout of 1977 was an electricity blackout that affected most of New York City from July 13, 1977 to July 14, 1977. The only neighborhoods in New York City that were not affected were the Southern Queens, and neighborhoods of the Rockaways, which are part of the Long Island Lighting Company System.
  • First black Miss Universe

    Janelle Commissiong (born 1953) was born in Trinidad and Tobago. Commissiong migrated to the United States at the age of 13, and returned to Trinidad and Tobago ten years later. After winning the Miss Trinidad and Tobago title, she went on to be crowned Miss Universe 1977 in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic.
  • Elvis Found Dead

    Elvis Aaron Presley (August 16, 1977) was one of the most popular American singers of the 20th century. A cultural icon, he is widely known by the single name Elvis. He is often referred to as the "King of Rock and Roll" or simply "the King". Prescription drug abuse severely compromised his health, and he died suddenly in 1977 at the age of 42.
  • First Test-Tube Baby Born

    Louise Brown was born to Lesley and John Brown, who had been trying to conceive for nine years, but without success because of Lesley's blocked fallopian tubes. On 10 November 1977, Lesley Brown underwent the procedure developed by Patrick Steptoe and Robert Edwards, later to become known as IVF. Brown was born 25 July 1978 at 11:47 p.m. at Oldham General Hospital, Oldham, via planned Caesarean section delivered by registrar John Webster.
  • Love Canal in New York declared federal disaster

    Love Canal is a neighborhood in Niagara Falls, New York, which became the subject of national and international attention, controversy, and eventual environmental notoriety following the discovery of 21,000 tons of toxic waste that had been buried beneath the neighborhood by Hooker Chemical. The dumpsite was declared an unprecedented state emergency on August 2, 1978.
  • Camp David accords for Middle East Peace

    The Camp David Accords had their origin in Sadat’s unprecedented visit to Jerusalem on November 19-21, 1977. Sadat’s visit initiated peace negotiations between Israel and Egypt that went on sporadically through 1977 and into 1978. Reaching a deadlock, both Sadat and Begin accepted President Carter’s invitation to a US – Israeli – Egyptian summit meeting at the Presidential retreat, Camp David (in Maryland) on September 5, 1978.
  • John Paul II Becomes Pope

    The Venerable Pope John Paul II, born Karol Józef Wojtyła, reigned as Pope of the Catholic Church and Sovereign of The Holy See from 16 October 1978 until his death on 2 April 2005, at 84 years and 319 days of age. His was the second-longest documented pontificate, which lasted 26 years and 168 days.
  • Jonestown Massacre

    Jonestown was the informal name for the Peoples Temple Agricultural Project, an intentional community in northwestern Guyana formed by the Peoples Temple, a cult led by Jim Jones. It became internationally notorious when, on November 18, 1978, 918 people died in the settlement as well as in a nearby airstrip and in Georgetown, Guyana's capital.
  • Ayatollah Khomeini Returns as Leader of Iran

    Were an Iranian religious leader and politician, and leader of the 1979 Iranian Revolution which saw the overthrow of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the Shah of Iran? On Thursday, 1 February 1979, Khomeini returned in triumph to Iran, welcomed by a joyous crowd of up to five million people, estimated in at least six million.
  • Jerry Falwell begins Moral Majority:

    The Moral Majority was a political organization of the United States which had an agenda of evangelical Christian-oriented political lobbying. It was founded in 1979 and dissolved in the late 1980s.
  • Sony Introduces the Walkman

    The original Walkman was marketed in 1979 as the Walkman in Japan, the Soundabout in many other countries including the US, Freestyle in Sweden and the Stowaway in the UK. Advertising, despite all the foreign languages, still attracted thousands of buyers in the US specifically. Morita hated the name "Walkman" and asked that it be changed, but relented after being told by junior.
  • ESPN starts broadcasting

    the network launched on September 7, 1979. Originally broadcast only daily, SportsCenter is now shown up to twelve times a day, replaying the day's scores and highlights from major sporting events, along with commentary, previews and feature stories. The show has proven highly durable, having been aired more times than any other program in American television, with more than 30,000 unique episodes.
  • The Greensboro Massacre

    The Greensboro massacre occurred on November 3, 1979 in Greensboro, North Carolina, United States. Five protest marchers were shot and killed by members of the Ku Klux Klan and the American Nazi Party. The protest was the culmination of attempts by the Communist Workers Party to organize mostly black industrial workers in the area.
  • Iran Takes American Hostages in Tehran

    Iran hostage crisis was a diplomatic crisis between Iran and the United States. Fifty-two US citizens were held hostage for 444 days from November 4, 1979 to January 20, 1981, after a group of Islamic students and militants took over the Embassy of the United States in support of the Iranian Revolution.