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Unit 5: Between the Wars

  • Social Darwinism

    Social Darwinism
    • the theory that persons, groups, and races are subject to the same laws of Natural Selection
    • According to the theory the weak were diminished, and the strong grew in power and in cultural influence over the weak.
    • Social Darwinists, Walter Bagehot and William Graham Sumner
  • Frances Willard

    Frances Willard
    • Founder of the World Woman's Christian Temperance Union
    • Leader of the National Prohibition Party
    • NAmed president of the new Evanston College
    • in 1874 she was elected secretary for the Temperance society
    • In 1876 se bacame head of the national WCU's publications comitee
    • Was president of the WCU's for the rest of her life
    • secure more than 100,000 signitures on a "Home Protection" petition
  • Clarence Darrow

    Clarence Darrow
    • Lawyer who worked as defense council in several trials.
    • Public speaker, Writer, and debater
    • Attempted to free the anarchist charged in the Haymarket Riot in 1887
    • Defended Eugene V. Debs who was arrested on a Federal charge in 1894 -Secured the Acquittal of labor leader William D. haywood for assasination charges
    • Saved Richard Leob and Nathan Leopold from death penatly
    • Defended John T. Scopes
  • Henry Ford

    Henry Ford
    • Industrialist
    • Revolutionized assembly-line modes of production for the automobile
    • Created Ford Model T car in 1908
    • Sold millions of cars and became a world-aous company head
  • Federal Reserve System

    Federal Reserve System
    • central bank of the United States
    - founded by congress
  • William Jennings Bryan

    William Jennings Bryan
    • Nebraska Congessman in 1890
    • Cross of Gold speech at the Democratic convention 1896
    • Helped Woodrow Wilson secure the Democratic Presidential nomination for 1912
    • Wlson's secretary until 1914
    • Campainged for peace,prohibition and suffrage
  • Marcus Garvey

    Marcus Garvey
    • Proponent of the Black Nationalism and Pan-Africanism movements
    • Inspired the Nation of Islam and the Rastafarian Movement
    • Was the first significant hero to the Africans
    • Wanted to bring all the Africans from America back to Africa
    • elected himself as president of Africa without the Africans consent
    • Founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League
    • Came to the united states in 1914 and began publishing the Newspaper Negro World
    • Died in London 1940
  • Harlem Rennaisance

    Harlem Rennaisance
    • The name given to the cultural, social, and artistic explosion that took place in Harlem between the end of World War I and the middle of the 1930s.
    • Cultural center, drawing black writers, artists, musicians, photographers, poets, and scholars.
  • 1st Red Scare

    1st Red Scare
    -the promotion of fear of a potential rise of communism or radical leftism.
    - Worker, socialist revolution and revolution and political radicalism
  • Prohibition

    - Act of prohibiting the manufacturing, storage in barrels or bottles, transportation, sale, possession, and consumption of alcohol including alcoholic beverages.
  • Jazz Music

    Jazz Music
    - form of American music that grew out of African-Americans' musical traditions at the beginning of the 20th century.
  • Langston Hughes

    Langston Hughes
    • American poet, novelist and playwright
    • Wrote African- American themes
    • Was the face of the Harlem Renaissance
    • Writings were inspired through jazz, and jazz clubs
    • Helped people see things from a black person's point of view -Published his first poem in 1921 calld "The Negro Speaks of Rivers"
    • Died from cancer in 1967
  • Team Pot Dome scandal

    Team Pot Dome scandal
    • Also calledoil reserves scandal
    - Secret leasing of federal oil reserves by Albert Bacon Fall
  • Scopes Monkey trial

    Scopes Monkey trial
    • Dayton, Tennesse
    • John Thomas Scops was a science teacher who was accused of teaching evolution
    • Trial against religion and evolution
  • Charles A. Lindbergh

    Charles A. Lindbergh
    • American Aviator
    • Rose to fame by piloting his monoplane
    • Involved with Geran Aviation developments
    • Flew 50 combat missions
  • The Great Depression

    The Great Depression
    • Dust bowl
    • A time of high rate of unemployment
    • Farming overproduction
    • Stock market chrash
  • Stock Market Crash "Black Tuesday"

    Stock Market Crash "Black Tuesday"
    • Investors trade 16,410,030 shares on the New York Stock Exchange in one day.
    • The aftermath of Black Tuesday, American and the rest of the industrialized world went into the Great Depression
    • Billions of dollars were lost and investors were wiped out
  • The New Deal

    The New Deal
    • series of domestic programs enacted in the United States between 1933 and 1938
  • The Dust Bowl

    The Dust Bowl
    • period of severe dust storms that greatly damaged the ecology and agriculture of the US and Canadian prairies.
    • Oklahoma and Texas panhandles and neighboring sections of Kansas, Colorado, and New Mexico, has little rainfall, light soil, and high winds, a potentially destructive combination.
    • Lasted 3 years
    • Efected the Great Depression
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt

    Franklin D. Roosevelt
    • two terms as governer of New York
    • Nation's 32nd president in 1932
    • Created the New Deal programs
  • 20th Amendment

    20th Amendment
    • Sets the dates at which federal government elected offices end.
    • Defines who succeeds the president if the president dies.
  • "Relief, Recovery, Reform"

    "Relief, Recovery, Reform"
    • Relief Immediate action taken to halt the economies deterioration.
    • Recovery- "Pump - Priming" Temporary programs to restart the flow of consumer demand.
    • Reform- Permanent programs to avoid another depression and insure citizens against economic disasters.
  • Tennesse Valley Authority (TVA)

    Tennesse Valley Authority (TVA)
    • Contorlled floods and navigation
    • Improved living standards for farmers
    • Produced electrical power along the Tennesse river
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)

    Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
    • Independent Agency of U.S
    • Preserves public confidence in the banking system
    • Insures Deposits in banks
  • 21st Amendment

    21st Amendment
    • Prohibition
    • Banned Alcohol
    • Ignored causing violation of laws
  • Dorothea Lange

    Dorothea Lange
    • Phtographer who photographed displaced farmers during the Great Depression
    - First Exhibition 1934
  • Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)

    Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)
    • Regulated the commerce in stocks, bonds, and other securities.
    • broke up any unnecessarily large utility combinations into smaller, geographically based companies and to set up federal commissions to regulate utility rates and financial practices.
  • Social Security Administration (SSA)

    Social Security Administration (SSA)
    • independent agency of the United States federal government that administers Social Security
    - social insurance program consisting of retirement, disability, and survivors' benefits.
  • Eleanor Roosevelt

    Eleanor Roosevelt
    • Wife of Franklin D. Roosevelt
    • Served United Nations
    • Chair of the UN's Human Rights Commission.
    • Helped to write the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
    • Wrote several books about her life and experiences
  • The Great Migration

    The Great Migration
    • Movement of 6 million blacks out of the south to the north, midwest and west.
    • Happened over a time period of 65 years
    - Got it's name not only because of the period of time it took, but also because of how many African Americans migrated
  • Tin Pan Alley

    Tin Pan Alley
    - Name given to the collection of New York City music publishers and songwriters in the late 19th and 20th century
  • Warren G. Hardings "Return To Normalcy"

    Warren G. Hardings "Return To Normalcy"