- the theory that persons, groups, and races are subject to the same laws of Natural Selection
- According to the theory the weak were diminished, and the strong grew in power and in cultural influence over the weak.
- Social Darwinists, Walter Bagehot and William Graham Sumner
- Founder of the World Woman's Christian Temperance Union
- Leader of the National Prohibition Party
- NAmed president of the new Evanston College
- in 1874 she was elected secretary for the Temperance society
- In 1876 se bacame head of the national WCU's publications comitee
- Was president of the WCU's for the rest of her life
- secure more than 100,000 signitures on a "Home Protection" petition
- Lawyer who worked as defense council in several trials.
- Public speaker, Writer, and debater
- Attempted to free the anarchist charged in the Haymarket Riot in 1887
- Defended Eugene V. Debs who was arrested on a Federal charge in 1894 -Secured the Acquittal of labor leader William D. haywood for assasination charges
- Saved Richard Leob and Nathan Leopold from death penatly
- Defended John T. Scopes
- Revolutionized assembly-line modes of production for the automobile
- Created Ford Model T car in 1908
- Sold millions of cars and became a world-aous company head
Federal Reserve System
- central bank of the United States
William Jennings Bryan
- Nebraska Congessman in 1890
- Cross of Gold speech at the Democratic convention 1896
- Helped Woodrow Wilson secure the Democratic Presidential nomination for 1912
- Wlson's secretary until 1914
- Campainged for peace,prohibition and suffrage
- Proponent of the Black Nationalism and Pan-Africanism movements
- Inspired the Nation of Islam and the Rastafarian Movement
- Was the first significant hero to the Africans
- Wanted to bring all the Africans from America back to Africa
- elected himself as president of Africa without the Africans consent
- Founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League
- Came to the united states in 1914 and began publishing the Newspaper Negro World
- Died in London 1940
- The name given to the cultural, social, and artistic explosion that took place in Harlem between the end of World War I and the middle of the 1930s.
- Cultural center, drawing black writers, artists, musicians, photographers, poets, and scholars.
1st Red Scare-the promotion of fear of a potential rise of communism or radical leftism.
- Worker, socialist revolution and revolution and political radicalism
Prohibition- Act of prohibiting the manufacturing, storage in barrels or bottles, transportation, sale, possession, and consumption of alcohol including alcoholic beverages.
Jazz Music- form of American music that grew out of African-Americans' musical traditions at the beginning of the 20th century.
- American poet, novelist and playwright
- Wrote African- American themes
- Was the face of the Harlem Renaissance
- Writings were inspired through jazz, and jazz clubs
- Helped people see things from a black person's point of view -Published his first poem in 1921 calld "The Negro Speaks of Rivers"
- Died from cancer in 1967
Team Pot Dome scandal
- Also calledoil reserves scandal
Scopes Monkey trial
- Dayton, Tennesse
- John Thomas Scops was a science teacher who was accused of teaching evolution
- Trial against religion and evolution
Charles A. Lindbergh
- American Aviator
- Rose to fame by piloting his monoplane
- Involved with Geran Aviation developments
- Flew 50 combat missions
The Great Depression
- Dust bowl
- A time of high rate of unemployment
- Farming overproduction
- Stock market chrash
Stock Market Crash "Black Tuesday"
- Investors trade 16,410,030 shares on the New York Stock Exchange in one day.
- The aftermath of Black Tuesday, American and the rest of the industrialized world went into the Great Depression
- Billions of dollars were lost and investors were wiped out
The New Deal
- series of domestic programs enacted in the United States between 1933 and 1938
The Dust Bowl
- period of severe dust storms that greatly damaged the ecology and agriculture of the US and Canadian prairies.
- Oklahoma and Texas panhandles and neighboring sections of Kansas, Colorado, and New Mexico, has little rainfall, light soil, and high winds, a potentially destructive combination.
- Lasted 3 years
- Efected the Great Depression
Franklin D. Roosevelt
- two terms as governer of New York
- Nation's 32nd president in 1932
- Created the New Deal programs
- Sets the dates at which federal government elected offices end.
- Defines who succeeds the president if the president dies.
"Relief, Recovery, Reform"
- Relief Immediate action taken to halt the economies deterioration.
- Recovery- "Pump - Priming" Temporary programs to restart the flow of consumer demand.
- Reform- Permanent programs to avoid another depression and insure citizens against economic disasters.
Tennesse Valley Authority (TVA)
- Contorlled floods and navigation
- Improved living standards for farmers
- Produced electrical power along the Tennesse river
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
- Independent Agency of U.S
- Preserves public confidence in the banking system
- Insures Deposits in banks
- Banned Alcohol
- Ignored causing violation of laws
- Phtographer who photographed displaced farmers during the Great Depression
Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)
- Regulated the commerce in stocks, bonds, and other securities.
- broke up any unnecessarily large utility combinations into smaller, geographically based companies and to set up federal commissions to regulate utility rates and financial practices.
Social Security Administration (SSA)
- independent agency of the United States federal government that administers Social Security
- Wife of Franklin D. Roosevelt
- Served United Nations
- Chair of the UN's Human Rights Commission.
- Helped to write the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
- Wrote several books about her life and experiences
The Great Migration
- Movement of 6 million blacks out of the south to the north, midwest and west.
- Happened over a time period of 65 years
Tin Pan Alley- Name given to the collection of New York City music publishers and songwriters in the late 19th and 20th century
Warren G. Hardings "Return To Normalcy"