Unit 5 1914 CE - Present Mueggenborg

By perezd
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    Gandhi

    Leader of the Indian independence movement and advocate of nonviolent resistance; education from England. Became leader of the Indian National Congress. Assassinated for attempting to stop Hindu-Muslim rioting.
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    World War I

    Major war centred on Europe; involved all of the world's great powers; two opposing alliances: the Allies and the Central Powers. The assassination on 28 June 1914 of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, the heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary was probably the main reason of this war.
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    Russian Revolution

    A series of revolutions in Russia; destroyed the Tsarist autocracy; resulted into the creation of the Soviet Union.
  • Wilson's 14- Point Plan

    Aspeech presented by United State's President Woodrow Wilson; a joint session of Congress; was intended to assure the country that the Great War was being fought for a good cause and for postwar peace in Europe.
  • Treaty of Versailles

    One of the peace treaties at the end of World War I; ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers.
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    League of Nations

    An international organization; promoted world peace; United States refused to join resulted in the weakining of this organization; proved ineffectual in stopping aggression by Italy, Japan, and Germany.
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    Stalin's Five Year Plans

    Introduced by Joseph Stalin; meant to industrialize the Soviet Union fast; set goals for the output of steel, electricity, machinery, etc. Resulting in the Soviet Union becoming a major industrial power.
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    Great Depression

    A severe worldwide economic depression resulting from World War II; the longest, most widespread, and deepest depression of the 20th century.
  • Hitler comes to power

    Appointed chancellor; changing the Weimar Republic into the Third Reich, a single-party dictatorship based on the totalitarian and autocratic ideology of Nazism.
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    WW II

    A global military conflict; most of the world's nations were involved, including all of the great powers: formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. It was the most widespread war in history.
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    Mao Zedong and Maoism

    Mao Zedong; first chairman of the Communist Party; had his own political ideas including Maoism: an anti-Revisionist form of Marxist communist theory; widely applied as the political and military guiding ideology in the Communist Party of China.
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    Juan Peron(Argentina)

    President of Argentina, military officer; championed the rights of labor; built up Argentinean industry, though hurt the economy.
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    Chinese Civil War

    Fought between the Kuomintang, the governing party of the Republic of China and the Communist Party of China for the control of China; resulted into China's division into two Chinas, Republic of China and People's Republic of China. No treaty hads been signed, technically this is still going on.
  • Indian Independence

    Ghandi contributed to this, in a nonviolent manner. Was invaded by Britain; the reliability of native forces for continuing to control an increasingly restless India decided to end British rule of India.
  • Creation of Pakistan

    The Pakistan Movement is the historical movement to have a independent Muslim state named Pakistan; created from the separation of the north-western region of the Indian subcontinent.
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    Cold War

    A series of wars that involved the conflicts between communism and capitalism for world influence. Between the US and Sviet Union.
  • NATO

    A military alliance of western European and North American states against the Soviet Union and its east European allies.
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    Korean War

    North Korea invaded South Korea and came to attracted the United Nations allying with South Korea and the People’s Republic of China allying with North Korea.
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    Warsaw Pact

    Blinded the Soviet Union and other countries of eastern Europe in an alliance against the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
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    Vietnam War

    Struggles between the North Vietnamese and South Vietnamese; communist guerrillas with North Vietnam; South Vietnam aided by the United States.
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    Great Leap Forward

    Led by Mao Zedong; an economic and social campaign of the Communist Party of China; aimed to use most of China's population to quickly change the country from an agrarian economy into a modern communist society;used the process of agriculturalization, industrialization, and collectivization.
  • Bay of Pigs

    An invasion that was an unsuccessful action by a CIA-trained force of Cuban exiles to invade southern Cuba. it's purpose was to overthrow the Cuban government of Fidel Castro.
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    Berlin Wall

    A barrier constructed by the German Democratic Republic; cut off West Berlin completely from surrounding East Germany and from East Berlin.
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    Was between the United States and the Soviet Union over the latter’s placement of nuclear-armed missiles in Cuba.
  • Helsinki Accords

    Political and human rights agreement signed in Helsinki, Finland by western Europe countries and the Soviet Union.
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    Islamic Revolution

    Leader of the revolution was Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini; events involving the overthrow of Iran's monarchy under Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi rule and its replacement with an Islamic republic under Khomeini.
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    Iran-Iraq War

    A conflict between Iraq and Iran, the longest conventional war of the twentieth century.
  • Tiananmen Square

    Chinese students and workers gather here to demand greater political openess .Chinese military killed manyy to end this.
  • Reunification of Germany

    Process in which the German Democratic Republic joined the Federal Republic of Germany and when Berlin reunited into a single city, Now celebrated on October 3rd.
  • USSR Disintegrates

    What led to the breakup of the USSR and the end of the one-party Communist rule was Mikhail Gorbachev, the leader of the USSR; he introduced many reforms in an attempt to modernie the economy and make the Communist Party more democratic.
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    Nelson Mandela

    President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999; first South African president to be elected in a fully representative democratic election. Also leader of Umkhonto we Sizwe.
  • September 11, 2001

    Aseries of coordinated suicide attacks occured by al-Qaeda upon the United States. On that morning, 19 al-Qaeda terrorists hijacked four commercial passenger jet airliners.They crashed purposely two of the airliners into the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center in New York City, killing everyone in the plane and many other workers in the buildings. Lost many Americans citizens.