cold war timeline

  • Potsdamn Conference

    Potsdamn Conference
    conference at the end of the war in Europe between the U.S., Russia, and the UK. Discussion of postwar Germany, Stalin promises free election in East Europe
  • Atomic Bomb

    Atomic Bomb
    America had just discovered a new type of weapon, the atomic bomb which no other nation had. They used it to end war with Japan and keep the Soviet in control. It escalated the arms race and Russia and now countries are thinking they can win wars with just bombs. which led to the devolpment of more dangerous weapons
  • Long Telegram

    Long Telegram
    The embassador for American in Russia (George F. Kennen) sends a telegram from russia to america telling us about why Russia is expanding and how to stop them. George brings the idea of containment. He says the Russians dont wont to fight and we should block them from expanding any further.
  • Iron Curtain Speech

    Iron Curtain Speech
    Winston Churchill gives a speech about how Russia is behaving more like an enemy than a ally. He talks about how they need to stop them because they are behaving like Germany and have killed millions and gonna kill more. Both sides Western Europe and Americans are not happy and don't want another war.
  • Truman Doctrine

    Truman Doctrine
    Truman Doctrine implied American support for other nations thought to be threatened by Soviet communism.
  • Marshall Plan

    Marshall Plan
    The Marshall Plan was an American initiative passed in 1948 for foreign aid to Western Europe. The United States transferred over $13 billion in economic recovery programs to Western European economies after the end of World War II.
  • Molotov Plan

    Molotov Plan
    The Molotov Plan was the system created by the Soviet Union in 1947 in order to provide aid to rebuild the countries in Eastern Europe that were politically and economically aligned to the Soviet Union. It was originally called the "Brother Plan" in the Soviet Union.
  • Berlin Blockade

    Berlin Blockade
    The Berlin Blockade was one of the first major international crises of the Cold War. During the multinational occupation of post–World War II Germany, the Soviet Union blocked the Western Allies' railway, road, and canal access to the sectors of Berlin under Western control.
  • NATO

    the NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION was created in April 1949. The pact operated on the basis of collective security. If any one of the member states were attacked, all would retaliate together. The original NATO included Britain, France, Italy, the Netherlands, Belgium, Canada, Iceland, Luxembourg, Denmark, Norway, Portugal, and the United States.
  • Berlin Airlift

    Berlin Airlift
    The crisis started on June 24, 1948, when Soviet forces blockaded rail, road, and water access to Allied-controlled areas of Berlin. The United States and United Kingdom responded by airlifting food and fuel to Berlin from Allied airbases in western Germany.
  • First Soviet Bomb Test

    First Soviet Bomb Test
    the USSR successfully detonates its first atomic bomb, code name “First Lightning.” In order to measure the effects of the blast, the Soviet scientists constructed buildings, bridges, and other civilian structures in the vicinity of the bomb. They also placed animals in cages nearby so that they could test the effects of nuclear radiation on human-like mammals. The atomic explosion destroyed those structures and incinerated the animals.
  • Chinese Communist Revolution

    Chinese Communist Revolution
    The Chinese Communist Revolution, known in mainland China as the War of Liberation, was the conflict, led by the Chinese Communist Party and Chairman Mao Zedong, that resulted in the proclamation of the People's Republic of China,
  • Alger Hiss

    Alger Hiss
    Alger Hiss was an American government official accused in 1948 of having spied for the Soviet Union in the 1930s. Statutes of limitations had expired for espionage, but he was convicted of perjury in connection with this charge in 1950.
  • Korean War & Korean Armistice

    Korean War & Korean Armistice
    The Korean War was a war fought between North Korea and South Korea from 25 June 1950 to 27 July 1953. The war began on 25 June 1950 when North Korea invaded South Korea following clashes along the border and rebellions in South Korea. The Korean Armistice Agreement is an armistice that brought about a complete cessation of hostilities of the Korean War
  • Hollywood Ten

    The Hollywood Ten is a 1950 American 16mm short documentary film. In the film, each member of the Hollywood Ten made a short speech denouncing McCarthyism and the Hollywood blacklisting.
  • Rosenberg Trial

    Rosenberg Trial
    In one of the most sensational trials in American history, Julius and Ethel Rosenberg are convicted of espionage for their role in passing atomic secrets to the Soviets during and after World War II. The husband and wife were later sentenced to death and were executed in 1953.
  • Battle of Dien Bien Phu

    Battle of Dien Bien Phu
    Battle of Dien Bien Phu, the decisive engagement in the First Indochina War (1946–54). It consisted of a struggle between French and Viet Minh (Vietnamese Communist and nationalist) forces for control of a small mountain outpost on the Vietnamese border near Laos.
  • Army- McCarthy Hearings

    Army- McCarthy Hearings
    The Army–McCarthy hearings were a series of hearings held by the United States Senate's Subcommittee on Investigations (April–June 1954) to investigate conflicting accusations between the United States Army and U.S. Senator Joseph McCarthy.
  • Warsaw Pact

    Warsaw Pact
    The Warsaw Pact,was a collective defense treaty signed in Warsaw, Poland between the Soviet Union and seven other Eastern Bloc socialist republics of Central and Eastern Europe in May 1955, during the Cold War. The Warsaw Pact was created in reaction to the integration of West Germany into NATO in 1955 per the London and Paris Conferences of 1954
  • Hungarian Revolution

    Hungarian Revolution
    The Hungarian Revolution of 1956, was a countrywide revolution against the Stalinist government of the Hungarian People's Republic and the Hungarian domestic policies imposed by the USSR
  • U2 incident

    U2 incident
    A United States U-2 spy plane was shot down by the Soviet Air Defense Forces while performing photographic aerial reconnaissance deep inside Soviet territory. The single-seat aircraft, flown by pilot Francis Gary Powers, was hit by an S-75 Dvina surface-to-air missile and crashed near Sverdlovsk.
  • The Bay of Pigs

    The Bay of Pigs
    The Bay of Pigs Invasion was a failed landing operation on the southwestern coast of Cuba in 1961 by Cuban exiles who opposed Fidel Castro's Cuban Revolution
  • Berlin Wall

    Berlin Wall
    The Berlin Wall was a guarded concrete barrier that physically and ideologically divided Berlin from 1961 to 1989. Construction of the wall was commenced by the German Democratic Republic. The Wall cut off West Berlin from surrounding East Germany, including East Berlin.
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    Cuban Missile Crisis
    The Cuban Missile Crisis of October 1962 was a direct and dangerous confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War and was the moment when the two superpowers came closest to nuclear conflict.
  • Assassination of JFK

    Assassination of JFK
    John F. Kennedy, the 35th president of the United States, was assassinated in Dallas, Texas, while riding in a presidential motorcade through Dealey Plaza.
  • Tonkin Gulf Resolution

    Tonkin Gulf Resolution
    Congress passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, authorizing President Johnson to take any measures he believed were necessary to retaliate and to promote the maintenance of international peace and security in southeast Asia.
  • The Tet Offensive

    The Tet Offensive
    The Tet Offensive was a coordinated series of North Vietnamese attacks on more than 100 cities and outposts in South Vietnam. The offensive was an attempt to foment rebellion among the South Vietnamese population and encourage the United States to scale back its involvement in the Vietnam War
  • 1968 riots at Democratic convention

    1968 riots at Democratic convention
    Protest activity against the Vietnam War took place prior to and during the 1968 Democratic National Convention. In 1968, counterculture and anti-Vietnam War protest groups began planning protests and demonstrations in response to the convention, and the city promised to maintain law and order.
  • Kent State

    Kent State
    Kent State University is a public research university in Kent, Ohio. The Kent State shootings, also known as the May 4 massacre and the Kent State massacre, were the killings of four and wounding of nine other unarmed Kent State University students by the Ohio National Guard.
  • Ceasefire in Veitnam

    Ceasefire in Veitnam
    Nixon's plan worked and in early January 1973, the Americans and North Vietnamese ironed out the last details of the settlement. All parties to the conflict, including South Vietnam, signed the final agreement in Paris on January 27. As it turned out, only America honored the cease-fire.
  • Fall of Saigon

    Fall of Saigon
    The Fall of Saigon, also known as the Liberation of Saigon by North Vietnamese, was the capture of Saigon, the capital of South Vietnam, by the People's Army of Vietnam and the Viet Cong on 30 April 1975.
  • Reagan elected

    Reagan elected
    The 1980 United States presidential election was the 49th quadrennial presidential election. Republican nominee Ronald Reagan defeated incumbent Democratic president Jimmy Carter in a landslide victory.
  • SDI announced

    SDI announced
    Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI), byname Star Wars, proposed U.S. strategic defensive system against potential nuclear attacks—as originally conceived, from the Soviet Union. The SDI was first proposed by President Ronald Reagan in a nationwide television. Because parts of the defensive system that Reagan advocated would be based in space, the proposed system was dubbed “Star Wars,” after the space weaponry of a popular motion picture of the same name.
  • "Tear down this wall" speech

    "Tear down this wall" speech
    "Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall", also known as the Berlin Wall Speech, was a speech delivered by United States President Ronald Reagan in West Berlin
  • Fall of the Berlin Wall

    Fall of the Berlin Wall
    Five days after half a million people gathered in East Berlin in a mass protest, that the Berlin Wall dividing communist East Germany from West Germany crumbled. East German leaders had tried to calm mounting protests by loosening the borders, making travel easier for East Germans.