Cold war


  • Yalta Conference

    Yalta Conference
    Meeting between Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin to decide what would happen at the end of the war. Topics discussed included
  • V E Day

    V E Day
    Victory in Europe as Germany surrenders to the Russian army.
  • Potsdam Conference (7/17/1945 - 8/2/1945)

    Potsdam Conference (7/17/1945 - 8/2/1945)
    This conference divided Germay and Austria into four zones, in the conference they also agrred that Berlin would be divided into four zones.
  • Hiroshima

    The United States dropped the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima
  • Nagasaki

    The United States dropped the second atomic bomb on Nagasaki.
  • V J Day

    V J Day
    The Japanese surrendered bringing World War Two to an end.
  • Vietnam Independece

    Vietnam Independece
    Ho Chi Minh proclaimed Vietnam an independent republic.
  • Churchill’s Iron Curtain Speech

    Churchill’s Iron Curtain Speech
    Churchill delivers his ‘Sinews of Peace’ speech which contain the famous phrase “ iron curtain has descended on Europe”
  • Truman Doctrine

    Truman Doctrine
    President Truman promised to help any country facing a Communist takeover
  • Marshall Plan

    Marshall Plan
    This was a programme of economic aid offered by the United States to any European country. The plan was rejected outright by Stalin and any Eastern Bloc country considering accepting aid was reprimanded severely. Consequently the aid was only given to Western European Countries.
  • Formation of West Germany

    Formation of West Germany
    The French, USA and UK partitions of Germany were merged to form West Germany
  • Berlin Blockade

    Berlin Blockade
    Russia’s response to the merger of the French, USA and UK partitions of Berlin was to cut all road and rail links to that sector. This meant that those living in Western Berlin had no access to food supplies and faced starvation.
  • End of Berkin Blockade

    End of Berkin Blockade
    Russia ended the blockade of Berlin
  • NATO formed

    NATO formed
    The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation formed with member states Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, the United Kingdom, and the United States
  • Korean war

    Korean war
    The Korean war began when North Korea invaded South Korea.
  • Death of Stalin

    Joseph Stalin died at the age of 74. He was succeeded by Nikita Khrushchev.
  • Korean war

    Korean war
    The Korean war ended. North Korea remained affiliated with Russia while South Korea was affiliated with the USA.
  • Geneva Accords

    Geneva Accords
    This set of documents ended the French war with the Vietminh and divided Vietnam into North and South states.
  • Warsaw Pact

    Warsaw Pact
    The Warsaw Pact was formed with member states East Germany, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Hungary, Romania, Albania, Bulgaria, and the Soviet Union.
  • Suez Crisis

    Suez Crisis
    Was an invasion of Egypt in late 1956 by Israel, followed by the United Kingdom And France. The objectives were to regain Western control of the Suez Canal and dismiss Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser, who had just nationalized the canal.
  • Space Race

    Space Race
    USSR Sputnik II carried Laika the dog, the first living creature to go into space.
  • Space Race

    Space Race
    Russian cosmonaut Yuri Alekseyvich Gagarin became the first human being in space.
  • Bay of Pigs Invasion

    Bay of Pigs Invasion
    A force of Cuban exiles, trained by the CIA, aided by the US government attacked invade Cuba and overthrow the Communist government of Fidel Castro. They failed.
  • Berlin Wall

    Berlin Wall
    Berlin Wall built and borders sealed between East and Weast Germany
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    Cuban Missile Crisis
    A US spy plane sighting the construction of a Soviet nuclear missile Cuba.
  • JFK Assassination

    JFK Assassination
    JF Kennedy was assassinated while on a visit to Dallas. Lee Harvey Oswald was arrested for the murder but there has always been speculation that he was not a lone killer and that there may have been communist or CIA complicity
  • USSR

    Nikita Krushchev removed from office. He was replaced by Leonid Brezhnev.
  • Vietnam War

    Vietnam War
    The Vietnam War was fought between communist North Vietnam and the government of Southern Vietnam.
  • Soviet Invasion of Czechoslovakia

    Soviet Invasion of Czechoslovakia
    Warsaw Pact forces entered Czechoslovakia in a bid to stop the reforms known as ‘Prague Spring’ instigated by Alexander Dubcek. When he refused to halt his programme of reforms Dubcek was arrested.
  • Space Race

    Space Race
    US launched Apollo 8- first manned orbit of the moon.
  • Space Race

    Space Race
    US Apollo 11 landed on the Moon and Neil Armstrong became the first man Moon.
  • Vietnam War

    Vietnam War
    President Richard Nixon ordered US troops to go to Cambodia
  • Vietnam

    The Paris Peace Accords ended American involvement in Vietnam.
  • Cambodia Killing fields

    Cambodia Killing fields
    The Khmer Rouge attacked and took control of Cambodia. Any supporters of the former regime, anyone with links or supposed links to foreign governments as well as many intellectuals and professionals were executed in a genocide that became known as the ‘killing fields’.
  • Vietnam

    North Vietnam invaded South Vietnam. The capture of Saigon by the North Vietnamese led to the whole country becoming Communist
  • Apollo-Soyuz Test Project

    Apollo-Soyuz Test Project
    Joint space venture between USA and USSR heralded as an end to the ‘Space Race’
  • Carter President

    Carter President
    Jimmy Carter became the 39th President of the United States
  • Afghanistan

    Soviet troops invaded Afghanistan
  • Olympic Boycott by USA

    Olympic Boycott by USA
    A number of countries including the USA boycotted the summer Olympics held in Moscow in protest at the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. Other countries including Great Britain participated under the Olympic flag rather than their national flag
  • Olympic Boycott by Russia

    Olympic  Boycott by Russia
    Russia and 13 allied countries boycotted the summer Olympics held in Los Angeles in retaliation for the US boycott of 1980.
  • Govbachov leader of USSR

    Mikhail Gorbachev became leader of the Soviet Union
  • Chernobyl Disaster

    Chernobyl Disaster
    An explosion at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in the Ukraine remains the worst nuclear disaster in history.
  • Glasnost and Perestroika

    Glasnost and Perestroika
    Mikhail Gorbachev announced his intention to follow a policy of glasnost – openness, transparency and freedom of speech; and perestroika – restructuring of government and economy. He also advocated free elections and ending the arms race.
  • Afghanistan

    The last Soviet troops left Afghanistan
  • Tiananmen Square

    Tiananmen Square
    Anti Communist protests in Tiananmen Square, Beijing, China were crushed by the government. The death count is unknown.
  • Fall of the Berlin Wall

    Fall of the Berlin Wall
    The Berlin wall was torn down
  • Velvet Revolution

    Velvet Revolution
    The Velvet Revolution, also known as the Gentle Revolution, was a series of peaceful protests in Czechoslovakia that led to the overthrow of the Communist government.
  • Malta Summit

    Malta Summit
    This meeting between Mikhail Gorbachov and George H W Bush reversed much of the provisions of the Yalta Conference 1945. It is seen by some as the beginning of the end of the cold war
  • German reunification

    German reunification
    East and West Germany were reunited as one country
  • End Of Warsaw Pact

    End Of Warsaw Pact
    The Warsaw Pact which allied Communist countries was ended
  • Start

    The Strategic Arms Reduction treaty was signed between Russia and the US
  • Gorbachev resigned

    Gorbachev resigned
    Mikhail Gorbachev resigned. The hammer and sickle flag on the Kremlin was lowered
  • End of the soviet union

    End of the soviet union
    Russia formally recognised the end of the Soviet Union