Meeting between Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin to decide what would happen at the end of the war. Topics discussed included
V E Day
Victory in Europe as Germany surrenders to the Russian army.
Potsdam Conference (7/17/1945 - 8/2/1945)
This conference divided Germay and Austria into four zones, in the conference they also agrred that Berlin would be divided into four zones.
The United States dropped the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima
The United States dropped the second atomic bomb on Nagasaki.
V J Day
The Japanese surrendered bringing World War Two to an end.
Ho Chi Minh proclaimed Vietnam an independent republic.
Churchill’s Iron Curtain Speech
Churchill delivers his ‘Sinews of Peace’ speech which contain the famous phrase “..an iron curtain has descended on Europe”
President Truman promised to help any country facing a Communist takeover
This was a programme of economic aid offered by the United States to any European country. The plan was rejected outright by Stalin and any Eastern Bloc country considering accepting aid was reprimanded severely. Consequently the aid was only given to Western European Countries.
Formation of West Germany
The French, USA and UK partitions of Germany were merged to form West Germany
Russia’s response to the merger of the French, USA and UK partitions of Berlin was to cut all road and rail links to that sector. This meant that those living in Western Berlin had no access to food supplies and faced starvation.
End of Berkin Blockade
Russia ended the blockade of Berlin
The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation formed with member states Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, the United Kingdom, and the United States
The Korean war began when North Korea invaded South Korea.
Death of Stalin
Joseph Stalin died at the age of 74. He was succeeded by Nikita Khrushchev.
The Korean war ended. North Korea remained affiliated with Russia while South Korea was affiliated with the USA.
This set of documents ended the French war with the Vietminh and divided Vietnam into North and South states.
The Warsaw Pact was formed with member states East Germany, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Hungary, Romania, Albania, Bulgaria, and the Soviet Union.
Was an invasion of Egypt in late 1956 by Israel, followed by the United Kingdom And France. The objectives were to regain Western control of the Suez Canal and dismiss Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser, who had just nationalized the canal.
USSR Sputnik II carried Laika the dog, the first living creature to go into space.
Russian cosmonaut Yuri Alekseyvich Gagarin became the first human being in space.
Bay of Pigs Invasion
A force of Cuban exiles, trained by the CIA, aided by the US government attacked invade Cuba and overthrow the Communist government of Fidel Castro. They failed.
Berlin Wall built and borders sealed between East and Weast Germany
Cuban Missile Crisis
A US spy plane sighting the construction of a Soviet nuclear missile Cuba.
JF Kennedy was assassinated while on a visit to Dallas. Lee Harvey Oswald was arrested for the murder but there has always been speculation that he was not a lone killer and that there may have been communist or CIA complicity
Nikita Krushchev removed from office. He was replaced by Leonid Brezhnev.
The Vietnam War was fought between communist North Vietnam and the government of Southern Vietnam.
Soviet Invasion of Czechoslovakia
Warsaw Pact forces entered Czechoslovakia in a bid to stop the reforms known as ‘Prague Spring’ instigated by Alexander Dubcek. When he refused to halt his programme of reforms Dubcek was arrested.
US launched Apollo 8- first manned orbit of the moon.
US Apollo 11 landed on the Moon and Neil Armstrong became the first man Moon.
President Richard Nixon ordered US troops to go to Cambodia
The Paris Peace Accords ended American involvement in Vietnam.
Cambodia Killing fields
The Khmer Rouge attacked and took control of Cambodia. Any supporters of the former regime, anyone with links or supposed links to foreign governments as well as many intellectuals and professionals were executed in a genocide that became known as the ‘killing fields’.
North Vietnam invaded South Vietnam. The capture of Saigon by the North Vietnamese led to the whole country becoming Communist
Apollo-Soyuz Test Project
Joint space venture between USA and USSR heralded as an end to the ‘Space Race’
Jimmy Carter became the 39th President of the United States
Soviet troops invaded Afghanistan
Olympic Boycott by USA
A number of countries including the USA boycotted the summer Olympics held in Moscow in protest at the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. Other countries including Great Britain participated under the Olympic flag rather than their national flag
Olympic Boycott by Russia
Russia and 13 allied countries boycotted the summer Olympics held in Los Angeles in retaliation for the US boycott of 1980.
Govbachov leader of USSR
Mikhail Gorbachev became leader of the Soviet Union
An explosion at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in the Ukraine remains the worst nuclear disaster in history.
Glasnost and Perestroika
Mikhail Gorbachev announced his intention to follow a policy of glasnost – openness, transparency and freedom of speech; and perestroika – restructuring of government and economy. He also advocated free elections and ending the arms race.
The last Soviet troops left Afghanistan
Anti Communist protests in Tiananmen Square, Beijing, China were crushed by the government. The death count is unknown.
Fall of the Berlin Wall
The Berlin wall was torn down
The Velvet Revolution, also known as the Gentle Revolution, was a series of peaceful protests in Czechoslovakia that led to the overthrow of the Communist government.
This meeting between Mikhail Gorbachov and George H W Bush reversed much of the provisions of the Yalta Conference 1945. It is seen by some as the beginning of the end of the cold war
East and West Germany were reunited as one country
End Of Warsaw Pact
The Warsaw Pact which allied Communist countries was ended
The Strategic Arms Reduction treaty was signed between Russia and the US
Mikhail Gorbachev resigned. The hammer and sickle flag on the Kremlin was lowered
End of the soviet union
Russia formally recognised the end of the Soviet Union