Cold War

  • Potsdam Conference

    Potsdam Conference
    The Big Three worked the details of the postwar order in the Potsdam Agreement. They confirmed plans to disarm and demilitarize Germany and divide Germany into four Allied occupation zones controlled by the United States, Great Britain, France and the Soviet Union
  • Atomic bombs

    Atomic bombs
    The United States detonated two nuclear weapons over cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on 6 and 9 August 1945. The two bombings killed between 129,000 and 226,000 people, most of whom were civilians.
  • Long Telegram

    Long Telegram
    Long Telegram from Moscow helped the U.S. government's hard line against the Soviets and became the basis for the U.S. “c ontainment” strategy toward the Soviet Union for the duration of the Cold War.
  • Iron Curtain Speech

    Iron Curtain Speech
    Delivered by former British prime minister Winston Churchill in which he stressed the necessity for the United States and Britain to act as the guardians of peace and stability against the menace of Soviet communism.
  • Truman Doctrine

    Truman Doctrine
    Is an American foreign policy that originated with the primary goal of containing Soviet geopolitical expansion during the Cold War.
  • Molotov Plan

    Molotov Plan
    The Molotov Plan was the system created by the Soviet Union in order to provide aid to rebuild the countries in Eastern Europe that were politically and economically aligned to the Soviet Union.
  • Hollywood 10

    Hollywood 10
    10 motion-picture producers, directors, and screenwriters,refused to answer questions regarding their possible communist affiliations.
  • The Marshall Plan

    The Marshall Plan
    The Marshall Plan was an attempt to get all of Europe in debt to the USA and allow the Americans to dominate it.
  • Berlin Blockade

    Berlin Blockade
    During the occupation of post–World War II Germany, the Soviet Union blocked the Western Allies' railway, road, and canal access to the sectors of Berlin under Western control
  • Berlin Airlift

    Berlin Airlift
    Soviet forces blockaded rail, road, and water access to Allied-controlled areas of Berlin. The United States and United Kingdom responded by airlifting food and fuel to Berlin from Allied airbases.
  • NATO

    Western allies started a massive airlift to counter the Berlin blockade imposed by the Soviet regime
  • First Soviet bomb test

    First Soviet bomb test
    The Soviet Union conducted its first nuclear test at the Semipalatinsk test site in modern-day Kazakhstan.
  • Chinese Communist Revolution

    Chinese Communist Revolution
    Chinese Communist leader Mao Zedong declared the creation of the People’s Republic of China (PRC). This resulted in the revolution of the Chinese citizens
  • Alger Hiss case

    Alger Hiss case
    He was an American government official accused in 1948 of having spied for the Soviet Union in the 1930's.
  • Rosenberg trial

    Rosenberg trial
    Convicted of espionage for their role in passing atomic secrets to the Soviets during and after World War II.
  • Korean War

    Korean War
    The conflict between the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and the Republic of Korea in which at least 2.5 million persons lost their lives.
  • Korean Armistice

    Korean Armistice
    Complete cessation of all hostilities in Korea by all armed force that was to be enforced by the commanders of both sides
  • Army-McCarthy hearings

    Army-McCarthy hearings
    McCarthy hearings were a series of hearings held by the United States Senate to investigate conflicting accusations between the United States Army and U.S. Senator Joseph McCarthy
  • Battle of Dien Bien Phu

    Battle of Dien Bien Phu
    The decisive engagement in the First Indochina War. It consisted of a struggle between French and Viet Minh forces for control of a small mountain outpost on the Vietnamese border.
  • Hungarian Revolution

    Hungarian Revolution
    The Hungarian Uprising was the first major nationalist challenge to Soviet Union's control of Hungary since the Red Army ended the Nazi occupation of Hungary at the end of the Second World War in Europe
  • U2 Incident

    U2 Incident
    The U-2 incident was a confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union that began with the shooting down of a U.S. U-2 reconnaissance plane over the Soviet Union
  • Tonkin Gulf Resolution

    Tonkin Gulf Resolution
    Congress passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, allowing President Johnson to take any measures he believed were necessary to maintain international peace and security in southeast Asia.
  • Tet Offensive

    Tet Offensive
    The Tet Offensive was a coordinated series of North Vietnamese attacks on more than 100 cities and outposts in South Vietnam.
  • 1968 riots at Democratic convention

    1968 riots at Democratic convention
    Police riot in full swing on Michigan Avenue in front of the Democratic party's convention headquarters, the Conrad Hilton hotel, television networks broadcast live as the anti-war protesters began the now-iconic chant "The whole world is watching".
  • Kent State

    Kent State
    Students protesting the bombing of Cambodia by United States military forces, clashed with Ohio National Guardsmen on the Kent State University campus.
  • Ceasefire in Vietnam

    Ceasefire in Vietnam
    All parties to the conflict, including South Vietnam, signed the final agreement in Paris
  • Fall of Saigon

    Fall of Saigon
    The Fall of Saigon, also known as the Liberation of Saigon by North Vietnamese, was the capture of Saigon, the capital of South Vietnam,
  • Reagan elected

    Reagan elected
    49th quadrennial presidential election,Republican nominee Ronald Reagan defeated incumbent Democratic president Jimmy Carter.
  • SDI announced

    SDI announced
    Strategic Defense Initiative, proposed U.S. strategic defensive system against potential nuclear attacks
  • ‘Tear down this wall’ speech

    ‘Tear down this wall’ speech
    the Berlin Wall Speech, was a speech delivered by United States President Ronald Reagan in West Berlin
  • Fall of the Berlin Wall

    Fall of the Berlin Wall
    A pivotal event in world history which marked the falling of the Iron Curtain and the start of the fall of communism in Eastern and Central Europe