Cold war

Cold War

  • Potsdam Conference

    Potsdam Conference
    The Potsdam negotiators approved the formation of a Council of Foreign Ministers that would act on behalf of the United States, Great Britain, the Soviet Union, and China to draft peace treaties with Germany's former allies.
  • Atomic Bomb

    Atomic Bomb
    August 6, 1945 – August 9, 1945
    The atomic bomb, and nuclear bombs, are powerful weapons that use nuclear reactions as their source of explosive energy. Citing the devastating power of “a new and most cruel bomb,” Japanese Emperor Hirohito announced his country’s surrender on August 15—a day that became known as ‘V-J Day’—ending World War II.
  • Long telegram

    Long telegram
    In February 1946, George F. Kennan's “Long Telegram” from Moscow helped articulate the U.S. government's increasingly hard line against the Soviets and became the basis for the U.S. “containment” strategy toward the Soviet Union for the duration of the Cold War.
  • Iron Curtain Speech

    Iron Curtain Speech
    He stressed the necessity for the United States and Britain to act as the guardians of peace and stability against the menace of Soviet communism, which had lowered an “iron curtain”
  • Hollywood 10

    Hollywood 10
    Hollywood Ten was 10 motion-picture producers, directors, and screenwriters who appeared before the House Un-American Activities Committee in October 1947, refused to answer questions regarding their possible communist affiliations, and, after spending time in prison for contempt of Congress, were mostly blacklisted by the Hollywood studios.
  • Truman Doctrine

    Truman Doctrine
    The Truman Doctrine arose from a speech delivered by President Truman before a joint session of Congress
  • Marshall Plan

    Marshall Plan
    U.S. program providing aid to Western Europe following the devastation of World War II.
  • Berlin Blockade

    Berlin Blockade
    The Berlin Blockade was an attempt in 1948 by the Soviet Union to limit the ability of the United States, Great Britain and France to travel to their sectors of Berlin, which lay within Russian-occupied East Germany.
  • Berlain Airlift

    Berlain Airlift
    In response to the Soviet blockade of land routes into West Berlin, the United States begins a massive airlift of food, water, and medicine to the citizens of the besieged city.
  • NATO

    The North Atlantic Treaty Organization was created in 1949 by the United States, Canada, and several Western European nations to provide collective security against the Soviet Union.
  • First Soviet bomb test

    First Soviet bomb test
    The Soviet Union detonated its first atomic bomb, known in the West as Joe-1, on Aug. 29, 1949, at Semipalatinsk Test Site, in Kazakhstan.
  • Chinese Communist Revolution

    Chinese Communist Revolution
    The Chinese Communist Revolution, known in mainland China as the War of Liberation, was the conflict, led by the Chinese Communist Party and Chairman Mao Zedong, that resulted in the proclamation of the People's Republic of China, on 1 October 1949.
  • Alger Hiss Case

    Alger Hiss Case
    Alger Hiss was convicted of perjury in 1950, following a lengthy espionage investigation by the FBI and its partners.
  • Korean War

    Korean War
    The Korean War was a war fought between North Korea and South Korea from 25 June 1950 to 27 July 1953. The war began on 25 June 1950 when North Korea invaded South Korea following clashes along the border and rebellions in South Korea.
  • Rosenberg Trial

    Rosenberg Trial
    The trial and execution of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg for passing atomic secrets to the Soviet Union remains controversial today.
  • Korean Armistice

    Korean Armistice
    The Korean Armistice Agreement is an armistice that brought about a complete cessation of hostilities of the Korean War.
  • Battle of Dien Bien Phu

    Battle of Dien Bien Phu
    Battle of Dien Bien Phu, the decisive engagement in the First Indochina War (1946–54). It consisted of a struggle between French and Viet Minh forces for control of a small mountain outpost on the Vietnamese border near Laos.
  • Army-McCarthy Hearings

    Army-McCarthy Hearings
    The Army-McCarthy hearings were a series of hearings held by the United States Senate's Subcommittee on Investigations to investigate conflicting accusations between the United States Army and U.S. Senator Joseph McCarthy.
  • Warsaw Pact

    Warsaw Pact
    The Warsaw Pact provided for a unified military command and the systematic ability to strengthen the Soviet hold over the other participating countries.
  • Hungarian Revolution

    Hungarian Revolution
    Hungarian Revolution, popular uprising in Hungary in 1956, following a speech by Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev in which he attacked the period of Joseph Stalin’s rule.
  • U2 Incident

    U2 Incident
    U-2 Incident, confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union that began with the shooting down of a U.S. U-2 reconnaissance plane over the Soviet Union and that caused the collapse of a summit conference in Paris between the United States, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and France.
  • Bay of Pigs Invasion

    Bay of Pigs Invasion
    On April 17, 1961, 1,400 Cuban exiles launched what became a botched invasion at the Bay of Pigs on the south coast of Cuba. In 1959, Fidel Castro came to power in an armed revolt that overthrew Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista.
  • Berlin Wall

    Berlin Wall
    The Berlin Wall was built by the German Democratic Republic during the Cold War to prevent its population from escaping Soviet-controlled East Berlin to West Berlin, which was controlled by the major Western Allies
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    Cuban Missile Crisis
    In October 1962, an American U-2 spy plane secretly photographed nuclear missile sites being built by the Soviet Union on the island of Cuba.
  • Assassination of JFK

    Assassination of JFK
    John F. Kennedy, the 35th president of the United States, was assassinated on Friday, November 22, 1963, at 12:30 p.m. CST in Dallas, Texas, while riding in a presidential motorcade through Dealey Plaza.
  • Tonkin Golf Resolution

    Tonkin Golf Resolution
    On August 7, 1964, Congress passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, authorizing President Johnson to take any measures he believed were necessary to retaliate and to promote the maintenance of international peace and security in southeast Asia.
  • Tet Offensive

    Tet Offensive
    The Tet Offensive was a coordinated series of North Vietnamese attacks on more than 100 cities and outposts in South Vietnam.
  • 1968 riots at Democratic convention

    1968 riots at Democratic convention
    During the evening of August 28, 1968, with the police riot in full swing on Michigan Avenue in front of the Democratic party's convention headquarters, the Conrad Hilton hotel, television networks broadcast live as the anti-war protesters began the now-iconic chant "The whole world is watching".
  • Kent State

    Kent State
    The Kent State shootings, also known as the May 4 massacre and the Kent State massacre, were the killings of four and wounding of nine other unarmed Kent State University students by the Ohio National Guard on May 4, 1970
  • Ceasefire in Vietnam

    Ceasefire in Vietnam
    The U.S. agreed to withdraw its remaining military personnel from South Vietnam within 60 days. North Vietnam agreed to a ceasefire and to return all American prisoners of war.
  • Fall of Saigon

    Fall of Saigon
    The Fall of Saigon, was the capture of Saigon, the capital of South Vietnam, by the People's Army of Vietnam and the Viet Cong on April 30, 1975.
  • Reagan Elected

    Reagan Elected
    The 1980 United States presidential election was the 49th quadrennial presidential election. It was held on Tuesday, November 4, 1980. Republican nominee Ronald Reagan defeated incumbent Democratic president Jimmy Carter in a landslide victory.
  • SDI Announced

    SDI Announced
    The SDI was intended to defend the United States from attack from Soviet intercontinental ballistic missiles by intercepting the missiles at various phases of their flight.
  • 'Tear down this wall' speech

    'Tear down this wall' speech
    Reagan's stark challenge to tear down the Berlin Wall gave shape to increasing international pressure on Moscow to make good on its promises of openness and reform.
  • Fall of the Berlin Wall

    Fall of the Berlin Wall
    On November 9, 1989, as the Cold War began to thaw across Eastern Europe, the spokesman for East Berlin's Communist Party announced a change in his city's relations with the West. Starting at midnight that day, he said, citizens of the GDR were free to cross the country's borders.