Cold War

  • Period: to

    Cold War Time Line from 1947-1965

  • Truman Doctrine

    Truman Doctrine
    President Truman promised to help any country facing a Communist takeover.
  • Marshall Plan

    Marshall Plan
    This was a program of economic aid offered by the United States to any European country. The plan was rejected outright by Stalin and any Eastern Bloc country considering accepting aid was reprimanded severely. Consequently, the aid was only given to Western European Countries.
  • Cominform

    The USSR set up Cominform (Communist Information Bureau) which was the Information Bureau of the Communist and Workers’ Parties responsible for the creation of the Eastern bloc.
  • Formation of West Germany

    Formation of West Germany
    The French, USA and UK partitions of Germany were merged to form West Germany
  • Berlin Airlift

    Berlin Airlift
    After World War II Germany and the Soviet Union blocked the Western Allies' railway, road, and canal access to the sectors of Berlin under Western control.
  • Berlin Blockade

    Berlin Blockade
    Russia’s response to the merger of the French, USA and UK partitions of Berlin was to cut all road and rail links to that sector. This meant that those living in Western Berlin had no access to food supplies and faced starvation. Food was brought to Western Berliners by US and UK airplanes, an exercise known as the Berlin Airlift.
  • NATO formed

    NATO formed
    The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation was formed with member states Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, the United Kingdom, and the United States
  • Communist forces in China capture Nanjing

    Communist forces in China capture Nanjing
    The Yangtze River Crossing campaign (Chinese: 渡江战役) was a military campaign launched by the People's Liberation Army to cross the Yangtze River and capture Nanjing, the capital of the Nationalist government of the Kuomintang, in the final stage of the Chinese Civil War
  • End of Berlin Blockade

    End of Berlin Blockade
    Russia ended the blockade of Berlin.
  • Korean War Starts

    Korean War Starts
    The Korean War began when North Korea invaded South Korea.
  • Harry Truman orders US troops to Korea

    Harry Truman orders US troops to Korea
    Harry Tyrman orders troops into Korea to prevent the spread of communism.
  • United Nations troops arrive in South Korea

    United Nations troops arrive in South Korea
    Troops from all the united nation countries arrive in Korea.
  • US general suggests to drop atomic bomb

    US general suggests to drop atomic bomb
    General Douglas MacArthur advocates the use of atom bombs in Korean War.
  • UN troops recapture Seoul

    UN troops recapture Seoul
    UNC forces broke out of the Busan Perimeter, recaptured Seoul, and advanced north into North Korea.
  • Spies helping the Soviets

    Spies helping the Soviets
    Julius Rosenberg and Ethel Rosenberg were found guilty of passing atomic secrets to the Soviets.
  • England has an A bomb

    England has an A bomb
    Winston Churchill announces that Britain has an atom bomb
  • Cuban government falls

    Cuban government falls
    Fulgencio Batista overthrows the Cuban government of President Prio Socarras.
  • Communism takes over Hungry

    Communism takes over Hungry
    Matyas Rakosi become prime minister of Hungary
  • US tests its first H-bomb

    US tests its first H-bomb
    The United States tested its first thermonuclear device (hydrogen bomb) on the island of Elugelab in the Eniwetok Atoll in the Marshall Islands about 3,000 miles west of Hawaii.
  • Death of Stalin

    Death of Stalin
    Joseph Stalin died at the age of 74. He was succeeded by Nikita Khrushchev.
  • de-Stalinize

    De-Stalinization meant an end to the role of large-scale forced labour in the economy. The process of freeing Gulag prisoners was started by Lavrentiy Beria. He was soon removed from power, arrested on 26 June 1953, and executed on 24 December 1953. Khrushchev emerged as the most powerful Soviet politician.
  • Korean War ends

    Korean War ends
    The Korean war ended. North Korea remained affiliated with Russia while South Korea was affiliated with the USA.
  • Geneva Accords

    Geneva Accords
    This set of documents ended the French war with the Vietminh and divided Vietnam into North and South states. The communist leader of North Vietnam was Ho Chi Minh while the US friendly south was led by Ngo Dinh Diem.
  • France leaves Vietnam

    France leaves Vietnam
    France agrees to leave North Vietnam.
  • Southeast Asia Treaty Organization

    Southeast Asia Treaty Organization
    South-East Asian Defence Treaty signed in Manila.
  • Warsaw Pact

    Warsaw Pact
    The Warsaw Pact was formed with member states East Germany, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Hungary, Romania, Albania, Bulgaria, and the Soviet Union.
  • Germany coming back together

    Germany coming back together
    Diplomatic relations were restored between West Germany and the Soviet Union.
  • Change in South Vietnam

    Change in South Vietnam
    Ngo Dinh Diem replaces Bo Dai as leader of South Vietnam.
  • Soviet leader disagreement

    Soviet leader disagreement
    Nikita Khrushchev denounces former leader Joseph Stalin.
  • Hungarian Revolution

    Hungarian Revolution
    This began as a Hungarian protest against Communist rule in Budapest. It quickly gathered momentum and on 24th October Soviet tanks entered Budapest. The tanks withdrew on 28th October and a new government was formed which quickly moved to introduce democracy, freedom of speech, and freedom of religion. The Soviet tanks returned on 4th November encircling Budapest.
  • Suez Crisis

    Suez Crisis
    Following military bombardment by Israeli forces, a joint British and French force invaded Egypt to regain control of the Suez Canal nationalized by the Egyptian leader Nasser. World leaders, especially America, heavily criticized the attack because Russia had offered support to Egypt. The British and French were forced to withdraw and a UN peacekeeping force was sent to establish order.
  • Soviet response to US and Britain

    Soviet response to US and Britain
    The Soviet Union appeals to the United States and Britain to cease nuclear testing.
  • Britain tests H bomb

    Britain tests H bomb
    Britain carries out its first hydrogen bomb test over Christmas Island.
  • Milovan Djilas is imprisoned

    Milovan Djilas is imprisoned
    Milovan Djilas is imprisoned in Yugoslavia for spreading hostile propaganda.
  • Imre Nagy is executed

    Imre Nagy is executed
    Imre Nagy, former prime minister of Hungary, is executed after a secret trial.
  • Leaders of China and the Soviet Union Meet

    Leaders of China and the Soviet Union Meet
    Nikita Khrushchev meets Mao Zedong in China and call for an end of all nuclear testing.
  • Soviet Union demands troops to be pulled from Berlin

    Soviet Union demands troops to be pulled from Berlin
    The Soviet Union demands that all foreign troops should be withdrawn from Berlin.
  • Castro take over

    Castro take over
    Fidel Castro and his victorious troops enter Havana.
  • China and UN

    China and UN
    Member states vote again against the admission of China to the United Nations.
  • UN does nothing

    UN does nothing
    The United Nations decided not to intervene in the independence struggle in Algeria.
  • Spy plane shot down

    Spy plane shot down
    American U-2 spy plane shot over the Soviet Union.
  • Soviet reaction to spy plane

    Soviet reaction to spy plane
    Nikita Khrushchev walks out of the summit meeting in Paris because of the U-2 incident.
  • Vietcong is formed

    Vietcong is formed
    National Liberation Army (Vietcong) is established in Vietnam.
  • Invasion of Cuba

    Invasion of Cuba
    Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba. This was a huge failure.
  • War brewing in Vietnam

    War brewing in Vietnam
    United States promises to support South Vietnam against communist aggression.
  • US troops in Vietnam

    US troops in Vietnam
    The first American troops arrive in South Vietnam.
  • Soviet sends weapons to Cuba

    Soviet sends weapons to Cuba
    Soviet Union agrees to send arms to Cuba
  • New Prime Minister in Algeria

    New Prime Minister in Algeria
    Ben Bella is elected prime minister of Algeria.
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    Cuban Missile Crisis
    John F. Kennedy announces that the Soviet Union has installed a missile base on Cuba. JFK orders a blockade of Cuba
  • Hot Line

    Hot Line
    Nikita Khrushchev and John Kennedy agree to establish a hot line to use in a Cold War crisis.
  • Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty

    Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty
    Soviet Union, United States and Britain sign a nuclear test-ban treaty.
  • John F Kennedy is Assassinated

    John F Kennedy is Assassinated
    John F. Kennedy, the 35th president of the United States of America is assassinated in Dallas, Texas.
  • US bombs Vietnam

    US bombs Vietnam
    United States aircraft bomb North Vietnam for the first time.
  • China drops first A bomb

    China drops first A bomb
    China explodes its first atomic bomb.
  • Zhou in Soviet Union

    Zhou in Soviet Union
    Zhou Enlai visits the Soviet Union.
  • Australia sends troops

    Australia sends troops
    Australia decides to send troops to South Vietnam.
  • Soviets helping North Vietnam

    Soviets helping North Vietnam
    The Soviet Union admits to supplying arms to North Vietnam.
  • Vietnam war continues

    Vietnam war continues
    Ho Chi Minh rejects peace talks on the Vietnam War offered by Lyndon B. Johnson.