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Unit 12 Timeline

  • Wright Brothers fly first airplane.

  • First story-sequence motion picture

  • Council of National Defense established

    The Council of National Defense was a United States organization formed during World War I to coordinate resources and industry in support of the war effort, including the coordination of transportation, industrial and farm production, financial support for the war, and public morale.
  • Germany resumes unrestricted submarine warfare.

  • Espionage Act of 1917

    It was intended to prohibit interference with military operations or recruitment, to prevent insubordination in the military, and to prevent the support of U.S. enemies during wartime.
  • United States Enters WWI

  • Zimmermann Note

    Was a 1917 diplomatic proposal from the German Empire for Mexico to join the Central Powers, in the event of the United States entering World War I on the side of the Entente Powers. The proposal was intercepted and decoded by British intelligence. Revelation of the contents outraged American public opinion and helped generate support for the United States declaration of war on Germany in April of that year.
  • Second Battle of Marne

    Was the last major German Spring Offensive on the Western Front during the First World War. The German attack failed when an Allied counterattack led by French forces and including several hundred tanks overwhelmed the Germans on their right flank, inflicting severe casualties. The German defeat marked the start of the relentless Allied advance which culminated in the Armistice about 100 days later. Thus the Second Battle of the Marne can be considered as the beginning of the end of the Great Wa
  • Meuse-Argonne offensive

    Was a part of the final Allied offensive of World War I that stretched along the entire Western Front. It was fought from September 26, 1918, until the Armistice on November 11, a total of 47 days. The battle was the largest in United States military history, involving 1.2 million American soldiers, and was one of a series of Allied attacks known as the Hundred Days Offensive, which brought the war to an end.
  • Armistice Ends WWI

  • Battle of Château-Thierry

    The Battle of Château-Thierry was fought on July 18, 1918 and was one of the first actions of the American Expeditionary Forces (AEF) under General John J. "Black Jack" Pershing. It was a battle in World War I as part of the Second Battle of the Marne, initially prompted by a German offensive launched on 15 July against the AEF, the newest troops on the front.
  • Wilson Proposes Fourteen Point

    Jump to: navigation, search The "Fourteen Points" was a statement given on the 8th of January, 1918 by United States President Woodrow Wilson declaring that World War I was being fought for a moral cause and calling for postwar peace in Europe.
  • Sedition Act of 1918

    Was an Act of the United States Congress that extended the Espionage Act of 1917 to cover a broader range of offenses, notably speech and the expression of opinion that cast the government or the war effort in a negative light or interfered with the sale of government bonds.
  • Paris Peace Conference & Treaty of Versailles

  • Eighteenth Amendment Passed

    Prohibition of Alcohol
  • Eighteenth Amendment

  • American Legion founded.

  • Seattle geral strike

    was the first city-wide labor action in America to be proclaimed a “general strike.” It led off a tumultuous era of post-World War I labor conflict that saw massive strikes shut down the nation's steel, coal, and meatpacking industries and threaten civil unrest in a dozen cities.
  • Chicago Marine riot

  • Wilson's Pro-League Tour and Collapse

  • Nineteenth Amendment Passed

    National Woman's suffrage
  • Final Senate defeat of Versailles Treaty

  • Harding defeats Cox for Presidency

  • "Red Scare"

    was a period during the early 20th-century history of the United States marked by a widespread fear of Bolshevism and anarchism. At its height in 1919–1920, concerns over the effects of radical political agitation in American society and the alleged spread of communism and anarchism in the American labor movement fueled a general sense of paranoia.
  • Esch-Cummins Transportation Act

  • Radio broadcasting begins.

  • Merchant Marine Act

  • Fitzgerald publishes "This Side of Paradise"; Lewis publishes "Main Street."

  • Sacco-Vanzetti trial

    In 1921, Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti, both Italian-Americans, were convicted of robbery and murder. Although the arguments brought against them were mostly disproven in court, the fact that the two men were known radicals (and that their trial took place during the height of the Red Scare) prejudiced the judge and jury against them. On April 9, 1927, Sacco and Vanzetti's final appeal was rejected, and the two were sentenced to death.
  • Emergency Quota Act of 1921

    restricted immigration into the United States. Although intended as temporary legislation, the Act "proved in the long run the most important turning-point in American immigration policy" because it added two new features to American immigration law: numerical limits on immigration from Europe and the use of a quota system for establishing those limits.
  • Bureau of Budget created

    The main function of the OMB is to assist the President in preparing the budget. The OMB also measures the quality of agency programs, policies, and procedures and to see if they comply with the President's policies.
  • Veterans Bureau created

  • Capper-Volstead Act

  • Lewis publishes "Babbitt."

  • Four-Power and Nine-Power Treaties on the Far East.

  • Fordney-McCumber Tarrif Law

  • Eliot publishes "The Waste Land."

  • Five-Power Naval Treaty

  • Equal Rights Amendment proposed

    was a proposed amendment to the United States Constitution designed to guarantee equal rights for women. The ERA was originally written by Alice Paul and, in 1923, it was introduced in the Congress for the first time. In 1972, it passed both houses of Congress and went to the state legislatures for ratification. The ERA failed to receive the requisite number of state ratifications (38) before the final deadline mandated by Congress of June 30, 1982, and so it was not adopted. Feminist organizati
  • Teapot Dome Scandal

  • Harding dies: Coolidge assumes Presidency.

  • Adkinsv. Children's Hospital

  • Immigration Act of 1924

    was a United States federal law that limited the annual number of immigrants who could be admitted from any country to 2% of the number of people from that country who were already living in the United States in 1890, down from the 3% cap set by the Immigration Restriction Act of 1921, according to the Census of 1890. It superseded the 1921 Emergency Quota Act.
  • Dawes Plan for International finance.

  • U.S. Troops leave Dominican Republic.

  • Coolidge wins three-way Presidental election

  • Adjusted Compensation Act for Veterans

  • Scopes trial

    was a famous American legal case in 1925 in which a high school teacher, John Scopes, was accused of violating Tennessee's Butler Act, which made it unlawful to teach human evolution in any state-funded school.The trial was deliberately staged in order to attract publicity to the small town of Dayton, Tennessee, where it was held. Scopes was unsure whether he had ever actually taught evolution, but he purposely incriminated himself so that the case could have a defendant. Scopes was found
  • Florida real-estate boom

  • Fitzgerald publishes "The Great Gatzby"; Dreiser publishes "An AMerican Tragety."

  • Hughes publisehes "The Weary Blues."

  • Hemingway publishes "The Sun Also Rises."

  • U.S. Troops occupy Nicaragua

  • Lindbergh flies the Atlantic Solo

  • First talking motion picture.

  • Sacco and Vanzetti executed.

  • Kellogg-Briand Act

  • Hoover defeats Smith for Presidency

  • Hoover takes goodwill tour of Latin America

  • Faulker publishes "The Sound and the Fury"; Hemingway publishes "A Farewell to Arms."

  • Agricultural Marketing Act sets up Federal Farm Board.

  • Stock Market Crash

  • Hawley-Smoot Tarrif

  • Japanese invade Manchuria

  • Reconstruction Finance Corporation established.

  • Norris-La Guardia Anti-Injunction Act

  • "Bonus Army" dispersed from Washington, D.C.