Turkey's Science education history

Timeline created by roseleena
  • Jan 1, 700

    Beginning of formal education of Turks

    On the tombstone of the king of Gokturks is found a poem "When a knowledgeble person ties a stone to his belt, the stone becomes gold, but when an unknowledgeble person ties gold to his belt, the gold becomes a stone"
  • Jan 1, 700

    First Turkish alphabet

    On the tombstone of the king of Gokturks is found poem that "When a knowledgeable person ties a stone to his belt, the stone become gold, but when an unknowledgeable person tie gold to his belt, the gold becomes a stone"
  • Jan 1, 751

    By the end of the 11th century, most Turks had converted to the Islamic faith.

    This conversion to Islam impacted every aspect of life, including education.
  • Madrasas began to degenerate as science

    -Neglected scientific developments around the world and dropped science and mathematics coures.
    -Ottoman Empire began to see its decline compared to Europe that one of the major factors was the military superiority of Western Europe.
    -Ottoman Empire's military needs the first modern military schools providing education at a higher, university, level.
  • The beginning of Rushdiyahs (middle school)

    -Accept students aged 10 to 18.
    -Mathematics, geometry, geography books were only available from French.
  • The first teacher training school

    -middle and elementary school
  • The first scientific journal called "Journal of Science"

  • The science course was 5 percent in the whole curriculum

    basic science, physics and chemistry in school
  • The collapse of the Ottoman Empire and emergence of the Republic of Turkey.

  • John Dewey advice to overcome education problems.

    Mentioned that in rural areas it was necessary to open another type of village teacher school.
  • The turkish Education System was centralized by the act of "Law of Unification of Instruction"

    All school throughout the country must use the same curricula which are developmented and implemented by the National Ministry of Education. Teachers, students, parents and all participants of education have groused about the science education in Turkey since 1924.But unfortunately, science education problem was not solve completely. The science subject were included to some degree in "Knowledge of life"
  • Establishment of village teacher training schools

    focus agricultural courses than science course.
  • John Dewey created science education curriculum shift as elements of experimentalism and pragmatism

  • After second War

  • Improve the education system

    loan from world bank for
    1. improve of pre-service teacher education
    2.curriculum development and materials production
    3. development of student-teacher experience in schools
    4. establishment of a system of faculty school partnerships
    5. developmento of a set of standards in teacher education.
  • The curriculum reform in elementary(Grade 1 to 8) school curriculum.

    The elementary school curriculum is being implemented in five school subjects; mathematics, science, social science, life science, turkish.
  • Big Curriculum reform

    major changes in philosophy of instruction, teaching styles, teacher and student roles, and curriculum organization basing on a constructivist approach to instruction.
    -develop skills on critical thinking, creativity, communication, problem solving and investigation and emphasize decision-making process and use of information technologies.
  • A new secondary science education curriculum

    Reforms in the elementary science curriculum shed light on the reforms in secondary science education programs.
    -biology, physics and chemistry curriculum.
    -points such as constructivist teaching approach, key concepts, spiral curriculum, and science process skill.
  • Compulsary education has been lengthened to 12 years.

  • Reference1

    -Limon E. Kattington. 2009. Handbook of Curriculum development. Nova Sciecne Publishers, Inc. ISBN:978-1-60876-572-0. pp.1-12.
    -Ridvan E.,Nilay O., Meltem I. and William W. 2014. An investigation of teacher response to national sciecne curriculum reforms in turkey. Eurasian Journal of Physics and Chemistry Education. 6(1):2-33.
    -Doris J and Justin D. 2012. Science education research and practice in Europe: Retrospective and Prospective, 341-374.
  • Reference2

    -Yusof K., Mine I. and Safure B. (2007). elementary school curriculum reform in Turkey. International education Journal. 8(1), 30-39
    -Mustafa o. (2007). problem with science and technology education in turkey. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science & Technology Education. 3(2), 157 - 161.
  • Period:
    Jan 1, 900
    Jan 1, 1000

    The islamic world in many book by early Greek philosophers .

    Ghazali, who concluded that idea of rational thought as science would be harmful to religion and the words of God. The studies were limited of natural, physical.
  • Period:
    Jan 1, 1001
    Jan 1, 1050

    The importance of education in Islamic civilization development.

    The first revealed Koranic verse states, "Read, with the name of God" and the Prophet Mohammed writes, "Whenever there is sciencne, or study, go and find it even if it is in China"
  • Period:
    Jan 1, 1500

    Ottoman empire, formal education

    -Primary education by Sibyan Mekteps (local or district school) focus on religious
    -accepted boys and girls at the ages of 5-6 and taught for 3-4 years.
    -Secondary and higher education at university was given in madrasas focus on mainly religious education, science, mathematics, medical science and astronomy.