Timeline USA

  • 1492

    Discovery of America

    Discovery of America
    October 12: Christopher Columbus arrived in what we know today as America, when he met the Antilles and landed on the island of Guanahani, which he baptized with the name of San Salvador.
  • 1492

    Capitulations of Santa Fe

    Capitulations of Santa Fe
    January 5: the Catholic Monarchs conquer the Nasrid Kingdom of Granada. THE last Muslim king, Boabdill, retires to the Alpujarras after 800 years.
    April 17: The Capitulations of Santa Fe are signed, which are a document written by the Catholic Monarchs in Granada, which includes the agreements reached with Christopher Columbus regarding his planned expedition by sea to the west.
  • 1513

    The Florida

    The Florida
    Juan Ponce de León gave his name to La Florida, when he took it on behalf of the Crown of Spain
  • 1564

    Spain protects itself

    Spain protects itself
    The presence of a large group of French Huguenots, who built a fort at the mouth of the San Juan River (Puerto Rico), posed a serious threat that led Spain to the decision to establish a permanent military presence in that area.
  • 1565

    San Agustin

    San Agustin
    Pedro Menéndez de Avilés founded the city of San Agustín
  • Elizabeth I of England sends Walter Raleigh

    Elizabeth I of England sends Walter Raleigh
    Queen Elizabeth I of England grants authorization to the pirate Walter Raleigh to found a colony in northern Florida, which he would call Virginia, and which would later include present-day South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia, and Maine.
  • Disappeared

    Disappeared
    The first English colony located on Roonoke Island (North America) disappeared
  • Creation of the Virginia Company as a Limited Company

    Creation of the Virginia Company as a Limited Company
    On the part of the English, this year the Virginia Company was created as a limited company, which financed the first English establishment, because they saw the possibility of exploiting the area with tobacco crops
  • Jamestown

    Jamestown
    Another group of English settlers arrived and founded Jamestown on the Chesapenje Bay. Many died of starvation, disease, ignorance of the environment, and attacks by Indians. Finally the captain of John Smith with the help of the Indian Pocahontas took charge and saved the colony.
  • John Smith left the colony

    John Smith left the colony
    John Smith had to go away from the colony, and many died again
  • John Rolfe married Pocahontas

    John Rolfe married Pocahontas
    Starting this year, the situation improved. Colonist John Ralfe married Pocahontas and the confrontation between colonists and Indians calmed down
  • Jamestown faced Jacobo I of England

    Jamestown faced Jacobo I of England
    Jamestown landowners elected their representatives to the House of Burgesses.
    The Indians realized that they were going to lose more and more land and attacked the colony, the settlers defeated the Indians, and they had to cede more land. King James I of England insisted on appointing a governor to control the colony, but the colonists did not give up and had many clashes with the governor. The Chamber of Burgesses arranged everything
  • Plymouth, beloved land

    Plymouth, beloved land
    Plymouth grew slowly, and the settlers learned to love their new land. His life revolved around the church and his economy towards the elaboration of manufactured articles and commerce.
  • English pilgrims came to Plymouth

    English pilgrims came to Plymouth
    Aboard the Mayflower, 102 Calvinist pilgrims who had fled England for religious reasons (persecution by Anglicans who imprisoned those who did not have the same religion) arrived and founded the Plymouth Colony, in Massachusetts Bay. Calvinists believed in predestination: God had chosen in advance who was saved and who was damned, they also believed that one had to dedicate oneself to work and save.
  • English pilgrims survived thanks to the Indians

    English pilgrims survived thanks to the Indians
    The Mayflower expedition, before disembarking, formed a civil political body to guarantee their organization as a community. All the men signed the Mayflower Compact in which they agreed to form a government and obey laws that upheld equality and justice. These first settlers depended a lot on the indigenous people who lived there. However, they did not show them deep ties of affection: their intention was not to mix with them, since they considered them an inferior race not chosen by god.
  • Thanksgiving

    Thanksgiving
    Despite this, the indigenous people helped them survive during the first winter, which was very strong in that part of the continent. The colonists thanked the Indians for this gesture. Today, this fact is remembered with Thanksgiving Day, the most significant holiday in American homes, as it symbolizes gratitude and the union of the family.
  • Massachusetts Bay

    Massachusetts Bay
    A colony of merchants and landowners was founded in Massachusetts Bay.
  • Maryland

    Maryland
    Maryland was founded, which became the American land of Catholics Quakers (Protestant Puritans) settled in Pennsylvania
  • Rhode Island

    Rhode Island
    Protestant pastor Roger Williams founded Rhode Island, an example of coexistence and tolerance
  • Period: to

    France vs England

    1689-1815: France (controlled Canada and French Louisiana, which included the entire slope of the Mississippi River) and Great Britain fought several wars, and North America was involved in each one.
  • Georgia

    Georgia
    The last English colony in America was founded by the philanthropist general J.E Oglethorpe, with 10,000 prisoners, for whom he obtained freedom, land, seeds and farm tools. Her name was Georgia.
  • 13 Colonies

    13 Colonies
    In this year the Britons had occupied 13 colonies along the Atlantic coast, from Nvero, Hampshire in the north to Georgia in the south.
  • Seven Years` War

    Seven Years` War
    France and Great Britain began the Seven Years' War, known to Americans as the French and Indian War. British Prime Minister William Pitt invested soldiers and money in North America and gained an empire.
  • Louisbourg

    Louisbourg
    The British took Louisbourg (French places in Canada)
  • Quebec

    Quebec
    The British took Quebec (French places in Canada)
  • Montreal

    Montreal
    The British took Montreal (French places in Canada)
  • Treaty of Versailles

    Treaty of Versailles
    The Treaty of Versailles or Paris is signed that ended the Seven Years' War between France and Great Britain. This treaty granted Great Britain rights to Canada and all of North America east of the Mississippi River. Britain's victory led directly to conflict with its colonies.
  • Proclaim Real

    Proclaim Real
    That same year, the King of England, George III, created a Royal Proclamation that prevented access to the territories won, in order to limit the ambitions of the colonists, reduce the confrontation with the Indians and establish a more rigid administration. This Royal Proclamation denied settlers the right to settle west of the Appalachian Mountains.
  • New laws

    New laws
    Currency Act, the British government, prohibited the colonies from issuing local notes.
    The British government began to punish the smugglers and imposed the Sugar Law, the colonists were prohibited from buying sugar from the French in the Caribbean, at the same time that the British government established taxes on the importation of textiles, coffee, indigo, wines and other products.
  • More abusive laws and taxes

    More abusive laws and taxes
    The British government imposed the Housing Act forcing the colonies to house and feed British soldiers and also the Stamp or Sealed Paper Act, established a tax on publications, legal documents, manifests, licenses and other documents.
    The colonists feared that the new taxes would make trade more difficult, and that British troops stationed in the colonies could be used to crush the civil liberties that the colonists had hitherto enjoyed.
  • Distrust in the government of England

    Distrust in the government of England
    Colonists distrust the government, after all, millions of immigrants came to the United States to escape political repression.
    Twenty-seven delegates from nine colonies met in New York to coordinate their efforts to get the Stamp Act repealed. They passed resolutions that exalted the right of each of the colonies to create their own taxes.
  • Acts Townshend

    Acts Townshend
    The British government passed the Townshend Acts which reinforced some earlier measures. The laws passed resolutions to tax various exports to the United States, such as glass, paint, paper, and tea, and also established a board of commissioners in Boston to enforce them, which was seen as a threat to America's colonial tradition of self-government.
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    Boston Massacre: With the Townshend Acts, the British taxed imported merchandise, to comply with the laws they imposed a military presence before the Massachusetts colonists, the British sentries guarding the Boston customs house were surrounded, the soldiers lost control when one of the regiments was attacked. Despite the orders, they fired into a crowd of civilians, killing three people and wounding eight others, two of whom later died.
  • Tea Act

    Tea Act
    This year, the British Parliament enacted the Tea Act, this law allowed the British East India Company to sell its tea in the 13 North American Colonies without paying taxes. This same year, the settlers had enough and set their sights on one of the products that came with added taxes: tea.
  • Boston Mutiny

    Boston Mutiny
    The colonists reacted with the Boston Mutiny: about fifty colonists dressed as Indians stormed the ships of the British East India Company in the harbor and dumped their cargo of tea into the sea. Britain's reaction was to place Boston under the direct control of a British official, a move that gave rise to the war.
  • First Continental Congress

    First Continental Congress
    The representatives of the colonies met at the First Continental Congress in Philadelphia, where an army was created under the orders of George Washington, the repeal of the imposed measures was requested and the embargo against English commerce was proceeded. In response, the Crown suspended taxes, but strengthened military surveillance and imposed a governor in Massachusetts.
  • Period: to

    American War of Independence

    1775-1781 American War of Independence: It was a war that pitted the original 13 British Colonies in North America against the Kingdom of Great Britain and lasted for eight years. The war officially began in 1775 and was clearly under English rule until the Battle of Saratoga, the first great American victory, when France and, later, Spain, entered the war in support of the American independentists.
  • Second Continental Congress

    Second Continental Congress
    In May 1775, a Second Continental Congress met in Philadelphia and began to assume the functions of the national government. He appointed fourteen generals, authorized the invasion of Canada, and organized a field army under the command of George Washington.
  • July 4

    July 4
    On July 4 of this year, Congress proclaimed the Declaration of Independence, institutionalizing the break with Great Britain. The congressmen and the representatives of the 13 Colonies, proclaimed the Act of Declaration of Independence of the United States of America. The writing of this document is attributed to Thomas Jefferson. In said Act the grievances committed by the English king are enunciated.
  • Battle of Saratoga

    Battle of Saratoga
    Battle of Saratoga took place in the American War of Independence. The American independence troops faced the British army. It was one of the most decisive battles and contributed to the end of the war. The fighting was in the Great Lakes region, near Boston and the Hudson River. The Battle of Saratoga made a huge impact in America and raised the morale and prestige of the American Revolution.
  • France joins the war

    France joins the war
    France declared its support for the new nation and declared war on England. Spain and the Netherlands would do the same.
  • British cornered in Virginia

    British cornered in Virginia
    This year, 8,000 British soldiers under General Charles Cornwallis were surrounded in Virginia, the last stronghold, by a French fleet and a combined 16,000-strong French-American army under George Washington.
  • Battle of Yorktown

    Battle of Yorktown
    Following the Battle of Yorktown, Cornwallis surrendered. In the battle, 156 British, 52 French and 20 independentistas fell, being the last ones killed in combat during the War of Independence. When the British surrendered, peace negotiations began in Paris, with an American delegation headed by Benjamin Franklin.
  • Paris Peace Treaty

    Paris Peace Treaty
    The Paris Peace Treaty between Great Britain and the United States is signed and led to the recognition of the independence, freedom and sovereignty of the 13 former North American colonies that were now States and the birth of a new nation, the United States of America .
  • Equality and freedom

    This Constitution was inspired by the principles of equality and freedom defended by the French Enlightenment and was configured as the first magna carta that included the principles of political liberalism establishing a republican and democratic regime.
  • Draft a Constitution

    Draft a Constitution
    On September 17, 55 representatives from the former colonies met in Philadelphia to draft a Constitution. Thus, a single federal government was created, with a president of the republic and two legislative chambers (the House of Representatives and the Senate).
  • Articles of Confederation

    On May 14, a meeting was called in Philadelphia. The Continental Congress had authorized the convention to amend the Articles of Confederation. Instead, the delegates discarded the Articles as unsuitable for the needs of the new nation and devised a new form of government based on the separation of legislative, executive, and judicial powers. The meeting had become a constitutional convention.
  • First President of the United States of America

    First President of the United States of America
    On April 30, George Washington was named President of the United States, charged with building a functioning government.
  • Nation-state

    The former colonies managed to establish the political foundations that would ultimately allow it to consolidate itself as the nation-state with the greatest economic development in the American continent and as a typical political model of notable influence in the 19th century, and even in the 20th century. These bases are articulated above all around constitutionalism, federalism, popular representation, liberalism and the role that political parties began to play.