Timeline Project

  • Election of 1860

    Election of 1860
    Abraham Lincoln won the Election of 1860 in a 4-way contest. Only receiving less than 40% of the popular vote. Lincoln won against Stephen Douglas, John Breckenridge, and John Bell. Lincoln was the first President to win as a Republican.
  • Confederate States Form

    Confederate States Form
    11 Southern States moved away from the United States. Southern States wanted slavery but Northern and other states didn't making Southern States dive away from the United States. Not liking Lincoln becoming President Southern knew they wouldn't be allowed slavery if he was in office. The Confederate States included Texas, Arkansas, Tennessee, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, South Carolina, North Carolina, and Virginia.
  • Fort Sumter

    Fort Sumter
    Fort Sumter was the first military action of the Civil War. 2 days later the fort surrendered. No one was killed. Fort Sumter was the Confederate States attacking the United States military.
  • First Battle of Bull Run

    First Battle of Bull Run
    Confederates won this battle. Lincoln ordered the General to fight the Confederates. Making it the bloodiest battle in American history. 32,000 Union forces died while 35,000 Confederate forces died.
  • Jefferson Davis Inaugurated as President of Confederate States of America

    Jefferson Davis Inaugurated as President of Confederate States of America
    Jefferson Davis was the first and the only President of the Confederate States. Jefferson Davis was a planter, politician, and soldier born in Kentucky. Jefferson had a big impact on the Civil War. Jefferson thought blacks were inferior to whites.
  • Battle of Shiloh

    Battle of Shiloh
    62,000 troops were killed in this battle. The Union won the Battle of Shiloh. The water turns red from all the blood. The Confederates surprised the Union.
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    Union victory. One of the turning points in this Civil War. New rifles make it even more accurate. Union deaths were 87,000 soldiers while 38,000 deaths were for Confederates. Deadliest battle in US history.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    Declared "that all persons held as slaves are, and henceforward shall be free." Applying to Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, etc. Over 4 million slaves were freed. Nearly 360,000 in North Carolina California was the last state to free slaves
  • Battle of Vicksburg

    Battle of Vicksburg
    The Union won the Battle of Vicksburg. Giving control of the Mississippi River to the Union. Making a turning point in favor of the Union. Also getting control over Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas would be separated from the rest of the Confederacy.
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    23,000 Yankees died while 28,000 Confederates died. Females fought on both sides of the war as well. Union won the Battle of Gettysburg. One of the most expensive battles
  • Gettysburg Address

    Gettysburg Address
    A speech the U.S. President Lincoln delivered during the Civil War. The Ideals are worth dying for and carry on the work of the people who died. To keep fighting for freedom and equality for all. “Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal."
  • Sherman’s March to the Sea

    Sherman’s March to the Sea
    Sherman's soldiers stole food and livestock and burned the houses and barns of people who tried to fight back against them. Sherman's 2 goals were to capture Atlanta and Georgia. Stealing almost 9.5 million pounds of corn and 10.5 million pounds of fodder. Sherman didn't burn down Charleston because "some say he had a girlfriend there."
  • Assassination of Abraham Lincoln

    Assassination of Abraham Lincoln
    While attending a play John Wilkes Booth killed Abraham Lincoln. John Booth believed even after the surrender of the South they could still be restored. Lincoln only lived 9 hours after being shot. Lincoln survived 5 attempts of failed assassination.
  • Appomattox Court House

    Appomattox Court House
    The surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia. The final battle of the Civil War. Lee surrendered his army because he wanted to prevent unnecessary destruction to the South. Robert E. Lee died 5 years after the Civil War.
  • 13th Amendment

    13th Amendment
    "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction." Slaves couldn't be imprisoned, whether on chain gangs or in modern penitentiaries. The bill failed.