Thomas KuhnBorn: July 18 1922 - Cincinnati, Ohio United States Died: June 17 1996 - Cambridge, Massachusetts United States
The Structure of Scientific RevolutionsThomas Kuhns theory of Scientific revoltuons was published in 1962. It talks about how Normal science being interrupted by a paradigm shift. He shares his view on how science has been done versus how it should have been done; and shares traits of sociology.
Social ScienceThe Structure of Scientific Revolutions had little direct influence on the functioning of the natural sciences but its impact on social science was enormous. This impact had two aspects; the first was a change in the social sciences’ self-perception, the second was a suggestion of a new role and subject matter for the social sciences.
Bird, Alexander. Thomas Kuhn, Taylor & Francis Group, 2001. ProQuest Ebook Central,
Logical EmpiricismConventional wisdom concerning twentieth-century philosophical approaches to scientiﬁc knowledge has held that Kuhn’s theory of scientiﬁc revolutions is directly opposed to the philosophical movement known as “logical positivism” or “logical empiricism.”
Thomas Kuhn, edited by Thomas Nickles, Cambridge University Press, 2002. ProQuest Ebook Centrl, http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/apus/detail.action?docID=217812
Sociology of Scientific knowledgeKuhn’s work is that scientists do not make their judgments and in the end, consciously or unconsciously following rules. Judgments are followed in normal science by the example of the guiding paradigm. After a revolution scienctist are released from following these rules to ultimately create new ones.
Bird, Alexander, "Thomas Kuhn", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Spring 2022 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL = https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/spr2022/entries/thomas-kuhn/.