GUTENBERG PRINTING PRESSGutenberg put his press to commercial use, producing thousands of indulgences for the Church. Gutenberg's press was the combined effort of several discoveries and inventions.
Period: 1452 to 1519
LEONARDO DA VINCILeonardo da Vinci was a Florentine polymath of the Italian Renaissance. He was simultaneously a painter, anatomist, architect, paleontologist, botanist, writer, sculptor, philosopher, engineer, inventor, musician, poet, and urban planner.
FELL OF THE BYZANTINE EMPIREIt was a historical event that put an end to the last vestige of the Eastern Roman Empire and which, in classical periodization and according to some historians, also marked the end of the Middle Ages in Europe.
COLUMBUS REACHES THE BAHAMASOn October 12, Italian explorer Christopher Columbus made landfall in what is now the Bahamas. Columbus and his ships landed on an island that the native Lucayan people called Guanahani.
Period: 1494 to 1495
FRANCE INVADES ITALYFrance invaded Italy in 1494 because the King of France, Charles VIII, had a claim to the Kingdom of Naples and was encouraged to act on it by Pope Innocent VIII, who was in a dispute with Naples.
THE PRINCEThe Prince represents Machiavelli's effort to provide a guide for political action based on the lessons of history and his own experience as a foreign secretary in Florence.
ST. PETER'S BASILICAAt the age of 71, Michelangelo received the greatest and final commission of his life. Pope Paul III appointed him chief architect of the sprawling St. Peter's Basilica.
FRENCH REVOLUTIONWas a period of radical political and societal change in France that began with the Estates General of 1789 and ended with the formation of the French Consulate in November 1799.