North Korea launches an attack across the 38th parallel against South Korea.
The United Nations involvement in the Korean war lasted three years and thirty-two days. However, the Korean war is still in existance today, because no official peace treaty was signed.
The United Nations begins to intervene
President Truman orders that Naval and Air support be provided for South Korea, and called on members of the United Nations to provide support for South Korea.
Bombing at Inchon
The Bombing of Inchon was performed in order to weaken the area's defence for the invasion the next day.
Marines begin the invasion
Marines invaded Wolmido Island at night. It was necessary that this island be captured in order to get to Inchon, as they are only one Kilometer apart. The marines successfully captured the island with only seventeen wounded. The U.N. then set it's sights on Inchon.
The marines reached Inchon around 5:30. The marines quickly overcame Inchon and moved ten miles towards Seoul within a day.
Seoul is captured
Around 20,000 marines fought in the city of Seoul, and destroyed much of it. The city was officially captured on the 25th of September. However, the capitol building wasn't reached untill the 27th.
The 38th Parallel is crossed and the Chinese get upset
Under the direction of General MacArthur, the marines crossed the 38th Parallel. This caused China to become very tense. China then made threats to become involved in the Korean War if the U.N. came any closer to the Chinese border. The North Koreans then retreated.
McAuther gives his orders
On this day McAuther gave the order to the troops to keep fighting all the way to they reached China and possibly even in to China. This would have created an international incident.
The Chinese Attack
South Koreans were routed soon after crossing the Yalu river by the advancing Chinese militia. The Chinese were able to drive back the South Koreans within a few minutes. The U.N. was forced to retreat as well.
The combined forces of South Korea and the United Nations pushed forward and re-captured Seoul.
United Nations Offensive
The United Nations then launched a forceful offensive against North Korea and China. This caused the Chinese to withdraw from South Korea.
Seoul Recaptured... Again
Seoul was once again captured by Chinese and North Korean forces. On the fourth of March, Seoul fell into U.N. hands.
MacArthur gets the boot
MacArthur had been criticizing President Truman and his policies, and was suspected of insubordination or not following orders. MacArthur also wanted to wage war against China. On April 11, General MacArthur was removed from service.
The Soviet delegate to the UN (United Nations) formally proposed the negotiations of a cease-fire in Korea.
Representatives from the UN and Communist commands began discussing truce negotiations in Kaesong, North Korea.
Ridgway Takes Command
After McArthur gets the boot, the responsibility of commanding U.N. forces in Korea is transferred to Ridgway. Ridgway brought several new commanders to assist him and to keep the troops motivated.
This was a very good operation that was one of Ridgway's first. A team of infentry started a counteroffensive and pushed Chinese troops back half way to Seoul.
truce agreement signed
truce agreement signed in Panmunjom. casualties: 140,000 (U.S.) 1,312,836 (South Korea) 16,532 (UN allies) 2 million (Communists) how ever no offical peace treaty was signed so the war is still going on today.
Negotiations failed because Communists wouldn't accept the forced movement of someone to their country. The UN was determined to send troops home reguardless of the outcome.
The DMZOn this day the north and the south signed a ceasefire. spliting the now 2 countries at the 38th parallelThis however is not a peace treaty so the war still continues on and will continue on till the pressent time.